Cytomegalovirus men often does not manifest itself, but it does not mean that such a man can not infect their sexual partner, and this is dangerous, especially if at the same time of conception. By reducing the immunity cytomegalovirus infection in men may manifest itself in the form of long flowing respiratory disease or a lesion of urogenital organs.
Cytomegalovirus men: sources of infection
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) ingested by men as well as in the body of women in different ways: with saliva through kissing, airborne droplets coughed or sneezed into the patient through sexual contact, through the objects on which there is saliva, urine, semen , vaginal discharge
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or other bodily fluids of the patient. Infection is possible through blood transfusions and organ transplants
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Once in the body men CMV in most cases is in an inactive state, that is, it does not cause disease. Symptoms of CMV infection (CMV) may arise only due to lower immunity colds, stress
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, High physical and neuropsychiatric loads and so on.
Symptoms of cytomegalovirus men
CMV in men usually does not manifest itself - just for men, the most characteristic is asymptomatic CMV infection. But the infection occurs during low immunity. Most often, cytomegalovirus infection in men is manifested in the form of local (local) form. It can manifest itself in the form of long-term (a few weeks) flowing acute respiratory infection accompanied by weakness, malaise, cough, runny nose.
Another localized form of CMV infection in men is defeated urinary organs - the urethra, the testicles and their appendages. This disease can manifest itself in the form of lung disorders of urination in the form of pain and recurrent pain in the scrotum. All of these phenomena in restoring immunity can pass on their own, but if you join a viral infection bacterial (and this is very common), there may be a high fever, frequent painful urination, pus in the urine.
Very dangerous CMV infection for men with immunodeficiencies, including HIV, cancer on the background of chemotherapy and radiation therapy in organ transplantation. In these cases, may develop generalized form of cytomegalovirus with multiple lesions of the internal organs and the central nervous system.
Generalized cytomegalovirus infection in men may be accompanied by fever, severe symptoms of various organs (liver, kidney, pancreas
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, Of the gastrointestinal tract, and so on) in violation of their function, severe headache, seizures, impaired consciousness, paralysis and so on. Generalized form of CMV infection is a major cause of death of patients with AIDS.
How to identify a man cytomegaly
All patients with immunodeficiencies necessarily carried out tests to detect the presence of the body and the degree of activity of CMV. In men, the immunocompetent CMV can be detected in the body accidentally. This usually occurs during the test, or couple in the planning period of pregnancy, or when symptoms of the urinary organs.
Diagnosis of cytomegalovirus - a detection of CMV by PCR in any biological fluid, crop biological fluids on culture media and blood tests for antibodies to CMV. Which tests should be conducted in each case decided by the doctor.
Treatment of CMV infection in men
CMV peculiarity is that to remove it from the human body is not possible. You can only suppress the activity of the virus and eliminate the symptoms of CMV infection. Therefore, if CMV is found in the male accidentally and it is in the inactive state (i.e., if no symptoms), no treatment occasion. But the doctor explained that the man should maintain a healthy active lifestyle, eat right, give up bad habits and all that can lead to decreased immunity.
If necessary, appointed by the bracing means and medicines, corrective immunity. Recently appointed immunologist after checking the state of immunity.
If there were signs of CMV infection, prescribe antiviral drugs, and then immunomodulators. Treatment strictly selected individually depending on the form of the disease, general condition and age of the patient. Generalized forms of CMV infections are treated only in a hospital.