- Shingles and chickenpox - from the same pathogen
How does herpes zoster in children
Shingles manifests itself in children of different ages in different ways, but most often the disease occurs in children as well as adults, with the appearance of pain along the nerves, redness and swelling of the skin and the appearance of the characteristic bubbles. At the same time the child can dramatically increase the temperature, general weakness, malaise, headache, joined by nausea and vomiting.
For children it is also characterized by the generalization of the process - it takes common, the infection progresses to the internal organs, causing many complications. Also, often against a background of shingles develop aseptic meningitis
Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges
. The defeat of the brain and spinal cord is much rarer, but runs hard. So, with the defeat of the spinal cord can develop paralysis of the limbs.
Herpes zoster in children sometimes occurs in the form of bullous (with the appearance of large blisters on the skin), hemorrhagic (the contents of the bubbles becomes bloody) and gangrenous (with necrosis of tissue) forms.
Children under seven years of shingles
Shingles - from simple ailments and brain damage
sometimes atypical without the appearance of the characteristic rash - skin over the affected nerve just blushes, becomes very sensitive, aching along the nerve. Sometimes parents associate these symptoms with minor injuries, and just do not pay attention to them. However, a closer look at such a child can notice signs of intoxication: slight indisposition, sometimes a slight fever, appetite disorders and so on. All this requires a visit to a doctor: the disease itself is not dangerous, but its appearance indicates serious health problems.
In children, primary and secondary school age shingles
Ringworm - not only infectious disease
It may appear in the form of characteristic symptoms in the ear and the skin around the ear. This is a dangerous condition because it can lead to hearing loss, as well as complications of the central nervous system. Another complication may be paresis or paralysis of the facial nerve, which resulted in the child's face becomes asymmetric.
A child suffering from shingles, should be insulated, as the disease is highly contagious and can cause children not previously undergone chickenpox, a disease. The child becomes non-contagious after 5 days after he no longer appear new rash. This occurs typically after two weeks after onset.
Complications of shingles in children
Complications after suffering a herpes zoster in children are uncommon, but have a difficult character. Thus, the defeat of the brain and spinal cord occurs mostly in children under one year and is extremely rare. This complication usually begins within one to two weeks after the appearance of the characteristic skin rash. At the same time the child's temperature rises sharply, disturbed consciousness, there are convulsions, paralysis of limbs, and so on.
Heavy (but very rare) complication of herpes zoster can be Guillain-Barre syndrome, which develops within one to three weeks after the disease. In the result of an autoimmune process (allergy own tissues) develops acute inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy - multiple lesions of the peripheral nerves. This is manifested complication of flaccid paresis, impaired sensation, autonomic disorders. With the defeat of the respiratory muscles state can threaten a child's life.
Complications can be the internal organs - the heart, lungs, liver, bladder, and so on. Finally, the disease can be complicated by additional bacterial infections and rashes acquire suppurative character.
Treatment of herpes zoster in children
Treatment of herpes zoster in children should be carried out immediately, at least in the first three days. Prescribe antiviral drugs for up to a week or more - you need to take these medications during the entire period of rashes on the skin, and two days after the onset of the last bubble. Most often this purpose administered acyclovir
Acyclovir - as it is safe?
That is well tolerated in children of any age.
If the disease has taken generalized, antiviral drugs are administered parenterally, by injection. Such preparations are selected individually and are assigned only in the hospital, because they can have significant side effects.
For the treatment of children is used as a specific antiherpetic immunoglobulin, human leukocyte interferon, antibiotics for secondary infections accession.
Shingles usually indicates decrease in immunity.