Compulsive or binge eating - eating disorder, which affects millions of people worldwide, especially in developed countries. As is the case with other eating disorders (anorexia and bulimia), people suffering from compulsive overeating, low self-esteem are different; they feel that they can not control what is happening, often feel helpless. At least half the people with this disorder feel overwhelmed and depressed. They note that overeating often accompanied by mood swings, especially when they are experiencing irritation, anger, sadness, anxiety, frustration, stress or worry
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Psychologists and doctors say that many people with binge eating disorder combines their behavior and expression of emotions, including alcohol abuse, impulsivity and inability to take responsibility for themselves and for their actions. From Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by the fact that it is not followed during the cleaning. Because of this, people suffering from compulsive overeating, often gaining weight or obese.
Compulsive overeating is more common for women than for men. The ratio is as follows: 3 women and 2 men. From this disorder can suffer all races.
People suffering from obesity and have the disorder, often gaining weight at a young age, as opposed to those who do not have this disorder. They can stick to the diet for a while and lose weight quickly, and then at the same speed to gain weight again.
The exact causes of binge eating disorder are still unknown, and scientists are only beginning to understand the consequences of the disorder and the factors influencing its development. As with other food disorders, it is assumed that binge eating disorder is the result of a combination of psychological, biological factors, and environmental factors.
Binge eating disorder associated with other mental health disorders. Nearly half of all people suffering from binge eating disorder, suffered or are suffering from depression, but the exact nature of this relationship is unclear. Many people say that anger, sadness, depression, anxiety
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or other negative emotions can trigger an attack of compulsive overeating.
Eating disorders, including binge eating disorder, tend to the development of families, which gives reason to suspect that susceptibility to eating disorders can be inherited. The researchers also tested how brain chemicals and metabolism (the way the body burns calories) affects the development of binge eating disorder. Some scholars suggest that the genes involved in this, because the disorder often occurs in families at once.
People suffering from binge eating disorder often come from families that have adopted overeating, or who pay great attention to abnormal food; for example, using it as a means of promotion or compensation.
Certain behaviors and emotional problems are more common in people with the disorder. For example, alcohol abuse, sudden impulsive behavior, lack of responsibility, when a person does not feel part of society when a person ceases to talk about their feelings and do not notice them.
Signs and symptoms
Most people overeat from time to time, and many people find that they often eat more than they should. However, eating large amounts of food does not mean that a person has binge eating disorder. Most people with serious binge eating disorder have some of the following symptoms:
- Frequent episodes of eating food in abnormally large quantities;
- Often there is a feeling of inability to control what and how much is eaten;
- Eating faster than usual;
- Food intake before the discomfort of overcrowding in the stomach;
- Eating large amounts of food even when not feel hungry;
- Eating food alone, so as not to feel ashamed of the amount absorbed by the food;
- Feeling disgusted, depressed, or guilty after overeating
- Fluctuations in weight;
- Low self-esteem
- Loss of sexual desire
- Frequent attempts at dieting.
Complications of compulsive overeating
As a rule, people with this disorder fall into derepression, because they understand that they are ill. Doctors say that patients with this disorder often suffer from various diseases, for example, are subject to stress, have difficulty sleeping
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, Thinking about suicide and more. People suffering from compulsive overeating, low self-esteem, they are often ashamed of yourself and do not go to work, school or college.
People with this disorder often gain weight. Overweight can lead to obesity and obesity in turn leads to health problems, including:
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the second type;
- high blood pressure;
- gallbladder disease;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- certain types of cancer.
Many people with this disorder are ashamed of themselves and try to hide their problems, and do it so well that even close friends can not speculate about this.
There are several ways to treat binge eating.
With cognitive behavioral therapy, patients learn how to control your eating habits, how to change them. During therapy, patients learn to cope with difficult situations. Also in the course of therapy a psychologist trying to improve the self-esteem of the patient.
Interpersonal therapy helps patients in a different way to look at the relationship with family members, friends, and make changes to the routine life.
Medication such as antidepressant medications may help some people with this disorder.
All these methods are equally effective. In addition, for the treatment of binge eating is also used DBT, in which patients learn how to control their emotions; surgery for weight loss; exercise as a separate form of therapy or the use of physical exercise combined with cognitive behavioral therapy.