Pregnancy, despite the fact that is one of the happiest periods in a woman's life, conceals many pitfalls. The temperature rise during pregnancy is no exception. Almost all expectant mothers experiencing episodes of temperature increase during the childbearing. Typically, hyperthermia associated with viral or infectious processes, is a characteristic symptom of colds. Given the weakened immune system of a pregnant woman, it is especially important as far as possible to avoid contact with infected people and to engage in the prevention of SARS and influenza. But, nevertheless, the temperature of temperature strife, and it is not always indicative of infection.
Fever during pregnancy: the norm
The body temperature of pregnant women are generally the same as that of the other healthy individuals i.e. not greater than 37 degrees. But the part of pregnant women in the first trimester there is a somewhat elevated temperature (not above 37, 4 degrees). Such a rise in temperature in early pregnancy (at 0, 0-1 degrees) is a variant of the norm, provided that no additional features (intoxication, runny nose, cough, etc.). Rising temperatures in the first weeks of pregnancy is associated with increased generation and the influence of pregnancy hormone - progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
on thermoregulation center, located in the hypothalamus of the brain. During pregnancy, women are more immune system is weakened, which prevents the perception of the embryo as a foreign body and its exclusion. This explains the slight increase in temperature.
Hyperthermia (elevated body temperature) plays an important role in the fight against infections and is a protective mechanism. Due to the high temperature accelerated all biochemical processes in the body, increases the excretion of harmful agents (decay products of damaged tissue cells), increased sweating, urination becomes more frequent, and the immune system produces antibodies. All of these processes are aimed at the detoxification during illness. In addition, high body temperature causes the death of microorganisms.
Effect of high temperature on pregnancy
Despite the fact that the increase in body temperature during infection pregnant is a protective reaction, pyrexia may adversely affect the development and growth of the fetus
. It should take into account not only the level of temperature and duration of fever and its causes
. It proves that the increase in body temperature to 38 degrees poses no risk to the fetus
. The danger arises when the figures above 38 degrees, which lasts for two or three days or more, especially in the early stages of pregnancy
. In the first twelve weeks of pregnancy there is a bookmark all the organs and systems of the future child
. Heat the female body may disrupt the processes that lead to the irreversible
. Hyperthermia, which appeared in the first four weeks, is a violation Bookmark neural tube, which is fraught with developmental disabilities, brain and spinal cord
. In the following weeks, the formation of other malformations (splitting of the upper lip and palate, malformations of the jaw and / or the eyeballs)
Furthermore, due to the action of heat breaks down protein synthesis, which leads to the formation of clots in blood vessels of the embryo and the placenta. It is fraught with fetal death and miscarriage
Miscarriage - can you protect yourself from it?
. In the later stages of pregnancy due to hyperthermia
Hyperthermia - when the body is overheated
the fetus develops acute hypoxia, fetoplacental insufficiency
Placental insufficiency - deviation from the norm
And in the placenta and blood clots are formed multiple infarcts. Fever in late pregnancy increases the risk of premature birth, infections or fetal death.
Ways to reduce the temperature
In the fight with high fever during pregnancy preference should be given national treatment methods. The patient showed abundant warm drink (cranberry and cranberry fruit drinks, milk method, decoctions of chamomile and sage). Well it lowers the temperature of tea with raspberries. Do not lose relevance body rub vodka or 3% vinegar. Receiving hot tubs and foot baths during pregnancy is contraindicated.
Of medicaments pregnant only paracetamol is allowed, but not more than four times per day. Aspirin in the first trimester is teratogenic, and in later periods increase the risk of bleeding during childbirth and the postpartum period.