Hemorrhoids during pregnancy suffers almost every second woman. The threat of this disease during pregnancy knew Hippocrates. However, this problem is relevant today, when there are enough drugs for the treatment of this disease, because many drugs are contraindicated during pregnancy.
What are hemorrhoids and why it so often occurs during pregnancy
Hemorrhoids - varicose veins is the end of the rectum and anus, which is accompanied by certain signs. Hemorrhoids - a very common disease, the cause of it, first of all, is the upright person, resulting in venous blood is forced to flow from the bottom up, which promotes the formation of stagnation in the lower half of the body and legs. Congestion increases with sedentary lifestyle and poor nutrition - all this leads to constipation and a further increase of stagnation.
Pregnant women are joined to these factors constant pressure of the growing uterus on the lower abdomen, which compress the veins in the area, as well as chronic constipation due to low motor activity of the intestine. The reason for reduction of motor activity of the intestine - large amounts of progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
in the blood, which inhibits any muscle activity that could cause a threat to abortion.
With the growth of the fetus and increase symptoms of hemorrhoids. In healthy women, hemorrhoids will appear in the second half of pregnancy, but if you had hemorrhoids before pregnancy or genetic predisposition (eg, expressed hemorrhoids was the mother) symptoms of hemorrhoids appear much earlier - at the end of the first trimester (after 12 weeks).
Symptoms of hemorrhoids during pregnancy
During pregnancy, hemorrhoids can occur as acute, chronic yet. Acute Hemorrhoids occurs suddenly, it is most often the cause is the formation of a blood clot in the veins of the rectum. At the same time quickly formed exterior, very painful knots. There are burning pains, especially after a bowel movement. Host becomes dense, sharply painful, can reach a diameter of 2-3 cm, the skin over it reddened, swollen, with a bluish tint.
After 5-10 days of the acute effects usually subside, the node swells and softens only straining. This feature suggests that external hemorrhoids become chronic, while during defecation hemorrhoids can fall out and cause bleeding. All this is accompanied by itching and other unpleasant sensations in the anus.
Isolated internal hemorrhoids generally occurs chronically, while concerned about the phenomenon a few weeks of discomfort in the anus, and then there is blood in the faeces, it is gradually becoming more blood drops, and even released a stream after a bowel movement. Root thus may not be increasing hemorrhoids begin to fall from the anus during defecation, vpravlyayas after it spontaneously. After some time, reduce a woman has their hand. The next stage - the loss of muscle tone and rectal prolapse nodes in the lung or without straining. From time to time the anus mucus, irritating the skin in this area. Perhaps flatus.
Complications of hemorrhoids during pregnancy
Hemorrhoids can become complicated with thrombophlebitis - blockage of a blood clot and vein inflammation of the vein wall. At the same time there are very severe pain, fever. If you do not take action, it threatens the emergence of purulent inflammation of the surrounding soft tissue, which is very dangerous during pregnancy.
Hemorrhoids may be infringed (squeezed surrounding tissues), the pain of this increase. Long infringement leads to necrosis (necrosis), which is fraught with bleeding and infection accession.
Constant bleeding from hemorrhoids can cause iron deficiency anemia, which means that the woman will decrease hemoglobin, the fruit will not get enough oxygen (oxygen transported from the lungs to the tissues of hemoglobin) and begin to fall behind in development.
Treatment of hemorrhoids during pregnancy
When the first signs of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids - a shameful disease
to do everything necessary to ensure that there was a daily stool:
- eat more vegetables (preferably heat-treated) and fruits (such as apples);
- eliminate from the diet of fatty meats, sweets and baking - they cause flatulence
Flatulence - when too much gas
and increase intra-abdominal pressure;
- adjust the mode of the day, combining recreation with moderate physical activity: leisurely walking, therapeutic exercises classes for pregnant women to include special exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles and the anus;
- do not forget to carefully monitor the cleanliness of the skin in the anus - failure to comply with personal hygiene can lead to suppuration in this area.
If these measures prove insufficient, then the doctor may prescribe medication. But a pregnant woman should be clearly understood that their own, without a prescription, it can not take laxatives because they can stimulate the motor activity of the muscles of the uterus, which can lead to miscarriage
Miscarriage - can you protect yourself from it?
. Currently, there are laxatives that do not cause such complications.
The drug therapy includes external use of anticoagulants - drugs that prevent blood clots.
Do not run hemorrhoids, at the first sign of the disease, contact your doctor.