Mononucleosis and pregnancy - what to do?

June 13, 2014

 Mononucleosis pregnancy
 During pregnancy, women tend to worry that become infected by any virus or other infections. Those diseases that previously seemed unimportant suddenly become a cause of concern. Mononucleosis and pregnancy - one of the common combinations may encounter during this time a woman.

Fortunately, mononucleosis during pregnancy rarely poses a serious threat to the developing baby. According to research by experts, mononucleosis in pregnancy does not increase the possibility of miscarriage or birth defects in the fetus.

Mononucleosis is transmitted by close contact, such as through saliva. That's why mononucleosis, also called "kissing disease". It usually applies to families because of the close contact. Infectious mononucleosis is also possible to "pick up" through a common dishes, and even a drinking fountain.

The cause of mononucleosis is the Epstein-Barr virus. This is a very common virus and most people anyway, faced with him. This often occurs in childhood, adolescence, or young.


Infectious mononucleosis and pregnancy

In most cases, the symptoms of mononucleosis Symptoms of mononucleosis - easy to make a mistake  Symptoms of mononucleosis - easy to make a mistake
   moderate, and the dangers for the mother or the child is not. Most women experience symptoms such as fever, sore throat and swollen lymph nodes. You may also feel weak. The weakness may be caused by mononucleosis and symptoms of pregnancy.

All symptoms during pregnancy may be more pronounced.

As with any illness during pregnancy, if you have any symptoms of mononucleosis, you need to see a doctor. A doctor must confirm the diagnosis by laboratory analysis. Although usually a threat to the unborn child is not, the doctor will need to monitor your condition. It is necessary to control the temperature, since the temperature is too high can be dangerous for a child.

Special medications from mononucleosis does not exist. Treatment consists of rest, temperature control, and prevent dehydration. This is important, especially during pregnancy. If your appetite during illness fall - this is normal but it is important to ensure the future of the child with necessary nutrients and enough water. It is necessary to avoid dehydration, which can cause loss of appetite and fever. During pregnancy it is especially important getting enough fluid to provide the child with the necessary amount of it.


Can I get infected pregnant mononucleosis

Mononucleosis can hurt as small children and adults, and pregnant women are also at risk of infection. Pregnant women are usually very upset when they discover mononucleosis. Mononucleosis can affect the health of the fetus and the risk to the child is not completely eliminated, although, according to recent research scientists, mononucleosis does not cause an increased risk of miscarriage or birth defects in the fetus.


Tips for pregnant women, the sick mononucleosis

  • Medical aid: no medication from mononucleosis. Serious complications of mononucleosis appear, usually in people who already have some basic disease. You can ask your doctor to advise you for alleviating symptoms of mononucleosis that are safe during pregnancy.
  • Eat well. This council is difficult to adhere to, because when mononucleosis reduced appetite and sore throat. You need food - and for themselves, and for the unborn child. Fruits and protein shakes can be a good way to get the nutrients you need.
  • You need a lot of rest. Holidays - the best way to treat mononucleosis Treatment for mononucleosis - medicines and folk ways  Treatment for mononucleosis - medicines and folk ways


Tips for those planning a pregnancy

It is better not to try to get pregnant while you are ill mononucleosis. Wait until you're not going to feel better, and then try to get pregnant. Prior to this use of contraception.

Women with mononucleosis often develops hepatitis Hepatitis - the scourge of our time  Hepatitis - the scourge of our time
 . If you are ill with mononucleosis, it's best to wait a while before planning a pregnancy. It may be several weeks or several months. Pregnancy is a huge stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
   for the body, and you need to be healthy as possible before becoming pregnant.

Article Tags:
  • mononucleosis

Multiple pregnancy: Double Happiness

January 23, 2012

 Compared with animals in human multiple pregnancy develops much less. Its frequency varies from 0, 1 to 4% and 6% of all pregnancies. Recently, however, there is a tendency to increase the number of multiple pregnancies. Multiple pregnancy - is not only the joy of expectant parents, but also a high likelihood of complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Therefore, multiple pregnancy refers to the border states, and to a high risk group. A high percentage of multiple births observed in Africa, while in Japan, China multiple pregnancy is less common.


Causes and occurrence of multiple pregnancies

About multiple pregnancies say when in the womb at the same time developing two or more fruits. Children born as a result of multiple pregnancy are called twins If you have twins: Ten Smiles  If you have twins: Ten Smiles
 . Most often form a double. There are dizygotic (fraternal) and monozygotic (identical) twins. Dizygotic twins formed by the fertilization of two or more ova and the twins resemble each other no more than brothers or sisters born at different times. Identical twins develop from a single egg fertilized by one sperm, and the children of identical sets of chromosomes and appearance (so-called "clones" each other).

The mechanism of formation of fraternal twins:

The main cause of dizygotic multiple pregnancies is a strong hormonal stimulation of the ovaries. Elevated levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), which is synthesized by the pituitary gland, and acts on the ovaries can lead to:

  • simultaneous multiple oocyte maturation for one menstrual cycle (with further fertilization) in one or both ovaries;
  • maturation of multiple eggs in a single follicle and fertilization;
  • conceive two or more embryos from several mature eggs, fertilized by sperm of different males.

The mechanism of formation of identical twins:

The frequency of monozygotic multiple pregnancy is 1/3 of all twins .  Monozygotic twins can be formed in two ways: either the fertilized egg multicore multiple sperm or in the process of embryo development is its division .  The division of the fertilized egg takes place in a period of two to fifteen days after conception .  Separation of the zygote in the first three days after fertilization results in the formation of two separate embryos that have two chorionic (future placenta) and two amnion (water bubble) .  This is called monozygotic twins and bihorionalnoy biamnioticheskoy .  The division of the embryo in the period from the 4th to the 8th day after conception leads to the formation of two embryos with separate amniotic cavity (biamnioticheskaya monochorionic twins) .  In the case of division of the fertilized egg in the 9th - 10th day after conception, the embryo formed by two one common placenta and membranes (monoamniotic monochorionic twins) .  At a later division of the embryo (14 -15 days) division is not going to end, and the fruit will be spliced ​​together (as conjoined twins are formed) .

Causes of multiple pregnancy:

  • Late implantation and lack of oxygen;
  • metabolic disease Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
  • the impact of toxic and other harmful factors;
  • widespread use of hormonal contraception Hormonal contraception: Modern birth control pills  Hormonal contraception: Modern birth control pills
  • heredity (the presence of twins in the immediate family);
  • anomalies of the uterus (the two-horned uterus, intrauterine septum);
  • development of technologies of assisted reproduction (IVF and ovarian stimulation Ovarian stimulation: if you want to get pregnant  Ovarian stimulation: if you want to get pregnant


The flow of a multiple pregnancy and childbirth

Multiple pregnancy often proceeds with various complications .  This is due to the increased loading several times on the woman's body and higher pregnancy hormones .  So, the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with severe toxicity and / or uncontrollable vomiting .  In the second and third trimester increases the load on the cardiovascular system, and the enlarged uterus is pressing internal organs (heart, lungs, intestines and bladder), which is accompanied by shortness of breath, fatigue, heart palpitations, and urinary, bowel disorders (constipation, diarrhea) .  Noted earlier onset and severity of the preeclampsia, resulting in enhanced hematopoiesis depleted iron stores in the body that leads to the development of iron deficiency anemia .  Most of the placenta or the presence of multiple placenta previa tend to, and therefore bleeding .  The risk of premature detachment of the placenta due to overstretched uterus .  Often there is fetal hypoxia, so fetoplacental complex can not cope with their functions .  This leads to intrauterine growth .

Births in multiple pregnancies often start early and / or prenatal outpouring of water. The course delivery is accompanied by weakness of labor (hyperextension of the uterus), the postpartum period is a high risk of bleeding. Often multiple pregnancy rodorazreshayut caesarean section. Operative delivery is performed at a breech or transverse position of the first fetal intrauterine hypoxia, and increasing weakness of tribal forces.

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • polycyesis