- Salmonellosis during pregnancy - what is the degree of danger
Salmonellosis in pregnancy rarely leads to serious complications, and yet, it is necessary to do everything possible to prevent Salmonella contamination. This is especially important if you live in a region where there is an increased risk of infection and / or which has recently been an outbreak of salmonellosis.
Pregnancy - is a joyous and exciting time in a woman's life. Because the health of the expectant mother to a great extent depends on the health of the child, each woman before pregnancy is desirable to obtain as much information about how you can prevent a variety of diseases during the childbearing. Hormonal changes in the body of a pregnant, among other things, is the weakening of the immune system, which is why women become more vulnerable to various infectious diseases. Among the variety of infections pathogens which can be transmitted to pregnant women through food - toxoplasmosis, listeriosis, campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis
Salmonellosis - features of the disease
Salmonellosis and pregnancy
Salmonellosis - a common food infection that develops when the body penetrate human Salmonella spp. They spread through direct or indirect contact with feces and intestinal contents of various animals, including - a person. Every year around the world a variety of infections caused by salmonella suffer tens of millions of people. Salmonella does not replicate at low temperatures (e.g., in a refrigerator or freezer) and dies quickly when heated to a temperature above 74 degrees Celsius.
The incubation period for Salmonella infection usually lasts from twelve hours to three days.
Salmonellosis is also seen in pregnant women, as well as other patients; it causes symptoms such as headache, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, fever, chills.
Infection with Salmonella often occurs as a result of eating foods such as whole (unpasteurized) milk and whole milk products, meat, chicken and eggs that have not been sufficient heat treatment, poorly washed vegetables, berries and fruits. In some developing countries, salmonella can live even in tap water, and pregnant women during his travels to such places need to be very careful.
Currently, it is believed that for pregnant women the risk of contracting salmonella is only slightly higher than for healthy adults, on average. Moreover, if the woman is generally in good health, the probability that salmonellosis lead to any serious consequences for the health - both to itself and the child is relatively small. Nevertheless, there are certain risks. For example, if the gastrointestinal form of salmonellosis causes severe diarrhea, and the woman does not receive timely treatment, it can lead to dehydration and lack of essential nutrients. This, in turn, can be bad for the prenatal development of the child
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Infection with typhoid salmonella (Salmonella typhi), which is the causative agent of typhoid fever, even more dangerous. This type of Salmonella can be transmitted to the fetus, and in this case there are complications such as miscarriage
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or premature birth. In addition, a child who is in utero infected with salmonella shortly after birth may occur symptoms such as high fever and diarrhea. In rare cases the infection leads to the development of meningitis in children.
Diagnosis of salmonellosis in pregnancy
If you suspect salmonella pregnant women as soon as possible to see a doctor, even if signs of infection are mild. If a healthy adult can cure salmonellosis at home during pregnancy lack of timely medical care can have severe consequences.
During a visit to the doctor is necessary to describe in detail their symptoms and tell you exactly when they first appeared. Your doctor may ask some clarifying questions concerning your power, recent travel, and so on. During the initial examination the doctor can measure body temperature, blood pressure and pulse. Next is assigned a series of laboratory procedures to determine the cause of infection. Which one
Analysis for salmonellosis in pregnancy is used depends on several factors, among them - the overall health of the patient and the severity of symptoms. Blood test reveals Salmonella infection pretty early - within five to seven days after infection, that is, shortly after the end of the incubation period, and the first symptoms. Bacteriological examination or inoculation of salmonella during pregnancy allows the blood by placing a special nutrient medium to identify infectious agents. Besides, when a blood test can detect antibodies to Salmonella.
Fecal or smear on salmonella during pregnancy can be used for the diagnosis of Salmonella infections in pregnant women, and in the course of preventive examinations of pregnant women. A smear taken from the anus, and now this procedure is more common than fecal
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. Typically, as a preventive measure carried out this procedure in late pregnancy to avoid possible complications in childbirth-related salmonellosis. The need for such analysis due to the fact that some women salmonellosis may be asymptomatic.