Precocious puberty - when maturity comes too soon

January 13, 2008

  • Precocious puberty - when maturity comes too soon
  • Diagnosis and treatment

   Puberty (from the Latin. Rubertas - puberty) - the period of human development during which by deep internal reorganizations it reaches sexual maturity (ability to reproduce). During puberty Puberty child - stages of a complex path  Puberty child - stages of a complex path
   in the body of the child support physical, hormonal and sexual changes. Puberty is considered early or premature if it begins before age eight in girls and nine boys.

Studies clearly show that early puberty is observed throughout the world. Picture this: every sixth girl puberty begins at the age of eight. Studies have also shown that earlier puberty is more prevalent among Africans and Americans, but the reasons for this phenomenon are still unknown. In addition, the likelihood of early onset of puberty in children with higher overweight.

 Precocious puberty - when maturity comes too soon

Signs and symptoms of early puberty

Symptoms of precocious puberty appear at an earlier age than usual. Here are the most common symptoms:


  • Growth and breast augmentation
  • The growth of hair in the armpits and pubic
  • The rapid growth of body
  • The first menstrual period (menarche)
  • Acne
  • Changes in body odor


  • Increasing the size of the testicles
  • Hair growth on the face (usually begins with the growth of hair on the upper lip), pubic hair and armpits
  • The rapid growth of body
  • Breaking and brutalization vote
  • Acne
  • Changes in body odor

In some children, there is a "partial" early puberty. In girls, breast is growing rapidly, but the growth stops soon, or not accompanied by the appearance of other physical signs of puberty. In this case, the child should see a doctor to promptly identify possible disease or disorder. Typically, partial early puberty does not require medical intervention, and all other signs of puberty appear in the corresponding age.

 Precocious puberty - when maturity comes too soon

The reasons for early puberty

Top premature puberty may contribute to abnormalities of the reproductive system (ovaries in girls and testes in boys). Diseases of the thyroid gland and the ovaries may also cause premature puberty.

Sometimes, precocious puberty is the result of structural abnormalities of the brain, such as tumor, brain injury as a result of head trauma, or infectious diseases (meningitis). Most girls begin puberty early not because of health problems, but for some unknown reason, medicine. Perhaps in the premature onset of puberty is influenced by external factors, such as pollution.

 Precocious puberty - when maturity comes too soon

Causes of central precocious puberty

  • Tumors of the brain or spinal cord
  • Infectious diseases, such as encephalitis or meningitis Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges  Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges
  • Congenital brain, such as brain edema or hamartoma (tumor)
  • Irradiation of the brain or spinal cord
  • Injury of brain or spinal cord
  • Ischemia
  • McCune-Albright syndrome - a genetic disorder that affects the bones that affects the pigmentation of the skin and causing hormonal disorders
  • The group of hereditary diseases known as congenital hyperplasia Hyperplasia - do not be afraid  Hyperplasia - do not be afraid
   adrenal gland - abnormal production of hormones by the adrenal glands
  • Hypothyroidism - a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient amounts of hormones.

 Precocious puberty - when maturity comes too soon

Peripheral precocious puberty

This type of puberty less common than central precocious puberty. It is caused by the release of estrogen Estrogen - the key to bone health  Estrogen - the key to bone health
   and testosterone in the blood due to violation of the ovaries, testes, adrenal or pituitary.

Learning disabilities - can you help your child?

July 29, 2007

 learning disabilities
 Have you noticed that your child is experiencing learning difficulties - may not listen carefully, coherently express their thoughts, think, read, write, learns the rules of spelling and do not learn to read and solve math problems? How much of these symptoms occur and whether they interfere with the learning process? Perhaps the child can not concentrate on one thing, and so it seems as if he is constantly hovering in the clouds?

This is your son or daughter is not alone. Every tenth child of school age (nearly four million worldwide) suffer from unusual disorders - learning disabilities. Approximately 20% of them suffer from the disorder concentration. The concept of learning disabilities can be defined as "a significant mismatch between the person's mental abilities and the skills that he has at every stage of development."

Diagnosis of the disorder and understanding of the situation will help a smooth transition to the next stage - the search for proven ways to resolve the situation. In addition to the full and absolute support of the parent that the child needs to take place as a person achieve success and independence? Read on to learn more about the causes and symptoms of children's learning disabilities.

 Learning disabilities - can you help your child?

Learning disabilities as a disease

There is no obvious, visible at a glance features can confidently diagnose learning disabilities. Symptoms generally appear in mild form, so sometimes possible to identify learning disabilities only at a late stage of child development. Some children suffer from learning disabilities of one kind, while in others there is often some kinds of learning disabilities.

Psychologists believe that there are many causes of learning disabilities. Some of them can be set, some - not. Sometimes the disorders are associated with improper development of the brain caused by genetic factors. Alcohol or drug use during pregnancy can also trigger a violation, as well as adverse ecological environment in childhood. There are other causes of learning disabilities:

  • Accidents, injuries or illness suffered by the mother during pregnancy
  • The delay in development - slow development of the child as compared with peers
  • In normal vision and hearing child correctly perceives ordinary sounds and sights that explains the disorder of the nervous system.
  • Premature birth or illness, transferred the child shortly after birth
  • The presence of toxins in the womb or in the development of unfavorable ecological environment
  • Accidents, injuries or disease transferred in early childhood

 Learning disabilities - can you help your child?

Diagnostics   learning disabilities

The school or kindergarten can be a situation in which the child must follow the instructions of the teacher or the teacher or respond as expected. Sometimes the child can not understand the letter or did not always understand spoken language and can not retell heard. Learning disabilities becomes apparent when the gap in education does not go as the child grows. There are various methods of diagnosis of each type learning disabilities. The diagnosis of "learning disability" puts the child (or adult) only after all necessary tests.

 Learning disabilities - can you help your child?

Kinds   learning disabilities

Developmental disorders of speech and language skills. This disorder is very common and usually, it "degenerated". Children suffering from this disorder are different from their peers as follows:

  • Mispronounce certain sounds (eg "kloshechny klolik" rather than "a tiny rabbit") (violation of articulation).
  • Incorrect use of words to express their thoughts or wrong calls subjects (impaired speech functions).
  • He understands only a small percentage of speech and incorrectly responds to hear or does not respond at all (a disorder of receptive functions).

Violations related to the educational capacities of the child: the child slowly learns to read, write and count - much slower than their peers.

  • Reading disorder. This is an unusual disorder also has been called "dyslexia". Dyslexia is a difficulty associated with the language. Dyslexia have difficulties in reading, pronunciation and speech perception, as well as hard to put into words their own thoughts. There is an incredible gap between their educational potential and the real results of their training.
  • Upset letter. Dysgraphia is a neurological etiology and is writing disorder in which a person has difficulty in writing letters or can not learn spelling rules, and therefore makes blunders, even in the most basic words.
  • Upset account. Diskalkulyatsiya - a disorder in which the child can not cope with mathematical tasks or to understand mathematical rules and abstract mathematical concepts.

 Learning disabilities - can you help your child?

Other disorders

If manifestations of learning disabilities do not fall under any of the categories listed above, they include the following types.

  • Ataxia and general motor skills: the child can not perform actions that require the coordination of large or small groups of muscles. For example, the child is difficult to paint a picture, cut, writing, buttoning and tying shoelaces, it is inconvenient to run and jump.
  • Nonverbal disorder: a neurological dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres is difficult to interpret non-verbal child or visual-spatial information. This leads to impaired coordination, difficulty with pattern recognition, weakening mathematical ability and visual memory.
  • Disorders of attention: in itself a disorder of attention has not yet considered views learning disabilities. However, the inability to concentrate distracts the child from school and have a negative impact on performance. Therefore, attention disorder could be related to violations related to the educational capacities of the child.

 Learning disabilities - can you help your child?

How to help

If a child is diagnosed with "learning disabilities", it says nothing about his mental abilities. In fact, the intelligence of the child in this case may be even higher than the average. The child is no different from his peers, he simply does not possess certain skills necessary for success in school and at work. It is important to understand this is not instill a child thinking about his disability, he grew up to be successful and confident.

Drug treatment is completely useless for the correction of learning disabilities. A marked improvement gives only parental attention and special training adapted to the needs and abilities of the child. In most developed countries operate public schools for children with such disorders. In some schools, there are special training programs for bad-and unteachable children. These programs are designed for the type of learning disability that affects a child. Over time, the child can overcome their shortcomings, to catch up with their peers and to acquire the necessary skills.

Article Tags:
  • education of the child