Sciatica - ask for help in a timely manner

May 10, 2014

  • Sciatica - ask for help in a timely manner
  • Why is there
  • Treatment of sciatica
  • Physiotherapy

 Sciatica - a disorder associated with the peripheral nervous system. It affects the nerve fibers of the spinal cord, and then the symptoms spread to the arms and legs, depending on whether developing sciatica in the cervical spine, or in other departments. When radiculitis space between the vertebrae is reduced, resulting in nerve fibers are affected. Sciatica - is not a disease, but a term used to describe the symptoms that appear when pinching, irritation and inflammation of the nerves.

The pain is characteristic of sciatica, begins at the point where the nerves are damaged, and then spreads to the limbs. It may be aggravated by movement and / or change in body position. Treatment for sciatica is most effective if you start it at the early stages of the disease. In the later stages of sciatica can cause a weakening of some muscles, which greatly complicate treatment. Another problem associated with the later stages of sciatica - overly developed muscles. It occurs when a person, in order to facilitate pain, uses a group of muscles that cause movement in the weakest pain.


Symptoms of sciatica

The first symptom of sciatica Symptoms of sciatica - what could be the manifestation  Symptoms of sciatica - what could be the manifestation
   is a pain that is felt all along the affected nerve. It is often accompanied by numbness, tingling and muscle weakness. Typically, the first symptoms of sciatica relatively weak and worse as the disease progresses. When the first symptoms be sure to consult your doctor to rule out other diseases and treat.

For cervical sciatica characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Lower back pain
  • Pain spreading to the feet (one or both), and foot / feet
  • Muscle weakness (in the later stages)
  • Burning pain in the hips
  • Symptoms of cervical sciatica Neck sciatica - a painful violation  Neck sciatica - a painful violation
  • Pain in the neck
  • Pain spreading to the arm and the hand
  • Muscle weakness in the hands of
  • Pain in the shoulders and chest

Increased sensitivity of the skin and muscle weakness may be signs of incipient damage to the nervous tissue. With further development of sciatica can begin to decrease in muscle tissue.



The cause of sciatica can be any disorder associated with the spine, where the nerves are under pressure. Herniated vertebral discs, bone spurs (osteophyte) and seal ligaments are the most common causes of sciatica. In addition, sciatica can cause spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis or scoliosis. Much less sciatica is caused by tumors and infections, diabetes Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease  Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
   and cracks in the vertebral discs.


Prevention of sciatica

While there is no way of guaranteeing prevent sciatica, but it is possible to significantly reduce the likelihood of its development. To reduce the risk of back problems, it is recommended to maintain a healthy weight, keep the posture, exercise regularly - in particular, to do exercises to strengthen the back muscles. Are of great importance and stretching exercises Stretching exercises - Be careful  Stretching exercises - Be careful
   - In many cases they can avoid back pain, help to better withstand the physical stress, as well as contribute to more rapid recovery after intense exercise or physical labor. Very useful for the back yoga, as it helps both maintain and increase flexibility and strengthen muscles. In general, for the prevention of sciatica is very important sedentary life. It is known that the likelihood of developing this disorder is highest among those who every day, sitting or standing for long periods, as well as those who spend driving or public transport two or more hours a day.

In addition, it is recommended to stop smoking, drink alcohol moderately (bad habits provoke various degenerative processes in the body), and the right to lift weights, avoiding undue stress on your back. Of course, one can not avoid aging, but such simple measures can, at least, slow down the process, which will eventually lead to a radiculitis.


Diagnosis of sciatica

The process of diagnosing sciatica begins with a careful study of the patient's history .  It is important that the patient recounted a doctor about their symptoms - when they appeared when they are compounded when disappear, helping to ease the pain in the back, and so on .  To determine exactly where the source of the pain caused by sciatica, as well as to identify or rule out other possible causes of pain, use of medical imaging techniques .  Typically, first used X-ray - it can help you find some damage, displacement of the vertebrae, as well as tumors, which in some cases can also cause back pain in other parts of the body .  Can then be computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - these diagnostic procedures can assess the condition of the soft tissues, and determine the patient need surgery, or you can do conservative treatment .

Scoliosis 2 degrees - correction of spinal deformity

May 6, 2014

 scoliosis of 2 degrees
 Scoliosis 2 degrees - a lateral curvature of the spine, which would require a special therapeutic exercises aimed at correcting the deformity. For all other degrees of scoliosis physiotherapy aimed at improving the stability of the spine and stabilize the disease process.


Scoliosis 2 degrees - what happens to the spine?

When the value of the degree of scoliosis 2 lateral curvature of the spine is from 11˚ to 30˚. Thus there is a primary slope of the vertebrae at the top of the main curvature of the future, accompanied by secondary curvatures wearing functional (without disturbing the structure of the vertebrae) character.

When scoliosis of 2 degrees under the influence of deformation of the spine begins twisting (torsion, rotation around its axis) vertebrae. With the progression of scoliosis torsion leads to the formation of the rib hump and muscle rollers in the curvature of the spine.

Especially dangerous scoliosis Scoliosis - when the spine is curved  Scoliosis - when the spine is curved
   2 degrees in children of primary school age - it is prone to rapid progression.


Signs of scoliosis of 2 degrees

Scoliosis second degree can be seen immediately, but the patient is already the first signs of stoop, which over time will increase. When the patient wears, signs of scoliosis is almost not visible.

On examination of patients with thoracic scoliosis verhnegrudnym and 2 degrees in the standing position in front noteworthy uneven level of shoulder girdle, behind - the uneven level of the shoulder blades. For lumbar scoliosis of 2 degrees, especially in children, is characterized by asymmetry of the gluteal folds, as well as unequal triangles at the waist (the space between the waist and a hand) on both sides.

In patients with scoliosis of 2 degrees appear back pain during exercise and the length of stay in the same position. There is also a back fatigue. Children begin to fall behind in school, different scattering and lack of concentration.


Diagnosis and treatment of scoliosis of 2 degrees

The diagnosis of scoliosis of 2 degrees puts orthopedist trauma on the basis of examination of the patient. Data confirm the diagnosis X-ray examination. X-ray pictures are taken with the patient standing up and lying down. Thus it can be seen that the standing angle of curvature larger than in the supine position.


How to treat scoliosis of 2 degrees

The goal of treatment of scoliosis of 2 degrees is the stabilization of the pathological process (ie stop its progression) and correction of spinal deformity. To learn how to treat scoliosis of 2 degrees, just to say only a specialist orthopedic trauma after a preliminary examination of the patient.

Treatment is mainly conservative. Appointed complex treatment, a major component of which is the physiotherapy (physiotherapy - LFK). In addition, courses are assigned therapeutic massage, manual therapy Chiropractic: the main thing - to choose the competent expert  Chiropractic: the main thing - to choose the competent expert
 , Reflexology Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies  Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies
 , Physiotherapy, wearing a special corset.

Of great importance is the correct mode of the day, nutrition, selection of the chair and the table corresponding to the growth of the child, as well as the arrangement of sleeping meta: hard mattress or mattress laid under the normal wooden shield (the patient must sleep on a flat surface).

Gymnastics for scoliosis of 2 degrees should be aimed at correction of spinal deformity and existing vertebral torsion, strengthening the muscles that support the spine, and the formation of correct posture. Exercises for scoliosis of 2 degrees should strengthen all major muscle groups supporting the spine - erector spinae muscles, obliques, lumbar muscle square, and so on. Exercise therapy for scoliosis of 2 degrees - is, above all, the fight against already formed spinal deformity.

Special corrective corset for scoliosis of 2 degrees is recommended to wear only for children and adolescents at a curvature of the spine at least 20˚. Once the skeleton is completely formed, wearing a corset inappropriate. Correction corset keeps the spine in the correct position, it prevents further deformation and torsion (twisting) of the vertebrae, ie, prevents the progression of scoliosis. Corsets for scoliosis can only be individual, tailor-made, taking into account all the individual characteristics of the patient. Wearing a corset should be every day, removing only for the duration of sleep and hygiene Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
 . In some cases, patients are encouraged to sleep in a corset.

Scoliosis 2 degrees in children and adolescents prone to progression, so it requires a long-term comprehensive treatment.

Galina Romanenko

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