Hydrocortisone - indications for hormonal preparation
February 10, 2014
Hydrocortisone - the indications for its use are numerous. Short-term use of the drug is possible with inflammatory and allergic diseases, as well as allergic reactions immediate type for health reasons. Furthermore, hydrocortisone may be used in some endocrine diseases.
As used hydrocortisone
Hydrocortisone - glucocorticoid hormone has a powerful anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and antipruritic effect. Hydrocortisone is used topically, systemically and topically. For convenience this drug is available as a suspension for injection, dry materials for preparing a solution for injection, tablets for oral administration, a 1% ointment for external use, gel, cream, lotion, 0, 5% of an eye ointment or eye drops.
Systemic administration of hydrocortisone
For regular use of this drug comes in tablet form for oral administration, injection suspensions and solids for solution for injection.
The indications for the systemic use of hydrocortisone are:
- endocrine disease - adrenal insufficiency, thyroid disease, accompanied by its enhanced features, including thyrotoxic crisis, as well as the high content of calcium in the blood on the background of the tumor;
- severe allergic reactions immediate type - angioedema, anaphylactic shock;
- bronchial asthma and asthma status (continuous ongoing asthma attack);
- hemorrhagic, traumatic, cardiogenic shock;
- a sharp drop in blood pressure with loss of consciousness during the transition of the body from a horizontal to a vertical position;
- coma - liver, acute stroke, meningitis, encephalitis, and diseases of the thyroid gland;
- inflammatory and metabolic and degenerative joint diseases, collagenosis (during exacerbation or as maintenance therapy - rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
, Systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, periarteritis nodosa, dermatomyositis, etc.);
- skin diseases, accompanied by edema, weeping and itching of skin - exudative dermatitis (Duhring's disease), polymorphic bullous erythema, exfoliative dermatitis, severe psoriasis, severe seborrheic dermatitis;
- diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract - sarcoidosis
Sarcoidosis - how to protect themselves?
, Berylliosis, pulmonary tuberculosis
Tuberculosis - a full recovery is not guaranteed
(with simultaneous appointment of anti-TB drugs), aspiration pneumonitis;
- blood diseases - hemorrhagic diathesis, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, congenital hypoplastic anemia; leukemias;
- diseases of the digestive system - the exacerbation of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease (as part of an integrated treatment);
- multiple sclerosis during exacerbation, tuberculous meningitis
Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges
(with concomitant administration of anti-TB drugs);
- poisoning vitamin D, strong acids, organophosphorus compounds, quinine, chlorine, snake bites and scorpion.
A suspension of hydrocortisone can be administered into the joint, soft tissue surrounding the joint in rheumatoid arthritis, acute arthritis (including gout) and bursitis, posttraumatic arthritis.
Suspension of hydrocortisone administered intradermally scars (including keloids), lichen planus, psoriasis (in psoriatic plaques), atopic dermatitis, lupus erythematosus, alopecia baldness.
External and local application of hydrocortisone
Outwardly and topically applied as hydrocortisone 1% ointment for topical application, a lotion, cream, gel, 0, 5% ophthalmic ointment, an eye drop.
Topical hydrocortisone prescribed for superficial noninfected skin diseases - eczema, atopic dermatitis (including neurodermatitis), a simple and allergic dermatitis, psoriasis, photodermatosis, itching of various origins, insect bites, lichen planus.
Topically as eye drops and ointments hydrocortisone used in inflammatory diseases of the conjunctiva, the cornea, sclera, choroid, allergic diseases of the eye and the eyelid margins, states after trauma (including burns), and eye surgery.
Hydrocortisone - a highly effective drug from the group of glucocorticoid hormones, which is used only on prescription. Separate use of this drug should be completely excluded because of possible side-effects that usually occur with prolonged uncontrolled use, including as a means for external and topical applications.
How to deal with an allergy to yeast: dangerous microorganisms
September 23, 2010
Many people are allergic to yeast. Unfortunately, not everyone knows how much food and bakery products contain yeast as an active ingredient. Yeast is, as in white bread, pastries and bagels, and some alcoholic beverages. So, if you are allergic to yeast, you can not drink champagne. Of course, you can always find an alternative to one or another alcoholic beverage, although the flavor characteristics they would concede alcohol containing yeast. People with allergies to yeast, are forced to give up many delicious foods, including pasta.
Yeast - a group of unicellular fungi that are found in many foods, including cheese, mushrooms, dried fruits, soy sauce, bread, peanuts, tomato sauce and vinegar, as well as beer, wine, tea, coffee and soft drinks. Even some vitamins and mineral supplements contain yeast.
In most cases, an allergy to yeast - an allergy Type 1 or contact allergy. An allergic reaction is a protein consisting of the yeast. At first contact with the yeast's immune system perceives these proteins as a hostile substance and produces antibodies. Subsequent exposure to the allergen is released into the blood histamine to destroy the yeast protein, which leads to the appearance of allergic symptoms.
Typically, many food allergy reactions occur within minutes or a few hours after exposure to the allergen. Mild or moderate symptoms of allergy to yeast (colic, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, coughing, watery eyes) are stored within a day or more.
Symptoms of an allergy to yeast
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to yeast include the following symptoms:
- muscle pain;
- increased irritability
Irritability - you try to control my temper
- Fatigue and apathy;
- urticaria and skin rashes;
- itchy eyes and watery eyes;
- runny nose and nasal congestion;
- a sore throat.
If you are not sure what causes these symptoms, contact your doctor to confirm or refute the diagnosis "allergy". The primary means of diagnosis of any kind of allergy - skin tests. To diagnose an allergy to yeast on the forearm slightly scratched skin (scratch test) and applied on top of a small amount of liquid yeast extract. If the skin turns red and will be itching, hives or red pimples, this is evidence of an allergy to yeast.
Treatment of allergy to yeast
Allergies to yeast is not curable, but it can be easily controlled. The best way to control an allergy - preventing contact with the substance that causes symptoms. It is recommended to exclude from the diet of sugar and sweets, fruits, simple carbohydrates and intermediates. Also, it should limit intake of certain vegetables, including potatoes, corn, sweet potato, and so forth. Any products, sauces or drinks containing sugar, syrup, soybean, tomato sauce, tomato paste and other flavor enhancers contraindicated. Pickles and pickled vegetables are also prohibited, as in the marinade add vinegar.
In some cases combined with diet intake antifungal drugs aimed at suppressing the growth of harmful microorganisms. Weak immune system
The immune system - how it works?
, Hormonal changes, chronic administration of antibiotics
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
How to beat stress? Create an oasis
- Factors contributing to the development of an allergy to yeast. Healthy active lifestyle in combination with diet to reduce the frequency of episodes of allergic reaction, and prevent the appearance of symptoms.