- How to store breast milk: regulations
Which containers can store breast milk
All containers of breast milk can be divided into hard and soft, and in each category there are different options with their advantages and disadvantages.
Soft containers - a plastic bag for storage of breast milk (of course, they differ from ordinary plastic bags density and other properties).
Solid containers include various sizes of glass and plastic.
For any container of breast milk are presented for two basic requirements:
- Protection of milk and all its valuable components;
- Convenience for the mother and other people who care about the child.
Unfortunately, research on how various storage containers influence human milk, are very few. One study showed that white blood cells in the milk (live cells that transmit immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
to many diseases from mother to child) stick to the walls of glass containers. However, according to the results of the subsequent studies, the milk stored in glass vessels, leukocytes contain more than what was stored in plastic containers - after a time lag from the walls of leukocytes. Studies have also shown that the milk is stored in plastic bags, reduced fat and reduced the number of antibodies
Antibodies - "soldiers' immunity
. This applies, however, only thin packages, which are sold in addition to the bottle of milk and baby food. Is this true for special plastic bags for breast milk is unknown. If you use such thin bags to store breast milk, use two bags for greater reliability.
Special bags for storing breast milk is much more durable and firmly closed. In addition, they usually have a special sticker which you can write the time to express milk. Some types of such a package can be attached to the breast suction, which significantly simplifies express milk.
Currently available scientific evidence suggests that the glass and solid plastic containers still provide better protection of useful substances contained in breast milk. Such containers must be compact, simple-to-cover.
If most of the time you breastfeed your baby, you should not worry about the loss of nutrients during the freezing and exposure to container as if the child is predominantly expressed milk.
Convenience - also a very important factor influencing the choice of method for the storage of milk. Plastic bags take up less space, and because they are disposable, do not have to spend time to wash them. On the other hand, fill them with milk may not be entirely comfortable.
How to wash containers of breast milk
If you express and store milk for healthy, full-term baby is normal, you do not need every time the container is completely decontaminated and chest suction. Suffice it to thoroughly wash their hands with soap and warm water and, before embarking on a breast pump. The packaging of containers for milk and breast suction can also be useful information on how best to wash them (sometimes even allowed to wash in a dishwasher).
Mothers who express milk for sick and / or hospitalized children should be carefully decontaminated containers and breast suction. Detailed instructions in this regard in each case gives the doctor.
What breast milk can be stored in each container
The most practical to store milk in small amounts, about 60-80 ml per container. (If the milk is intended for a child born prematurely, the volume may be even less). As a rule, children who are breast-fed during each feeding consume smaller volumes of milk than babies who are given various substitutes of mother's milk, so that small containers will suffice. Moreover, the smaller the volume of the frozen milk, the faster it defrosts.
If you want to add fresh milk to frozen, pre-cool it in the refrigerator. Always leave 3-4 cm in the tank space to the expansion of freezing milk is not cracked wall of the container. The same recommendation applies to the storage of breast milk in packages.
How to safely transport the breastmilk
Studies show that bacteria can not multiply very rapidly in human milk, and can be safely stored at room temperature for 4-6 hours, or even more. Therefore, if you express milk, for example, at work, not necessarily immediately take it home, refrigerate. You can put a bottle of milk in a container with ice and keep it until the end of the working day.
If you go the short journey with the child, in which, for whatever reason, will not be able to breastfeed, bring a tightly closed bottle of milk. If it's warm, do not leave milk in the car - the temperature inside can rise quickly, and milk will spoil. When you have to drive long-term (more than 10 hours), take it with a portable refrigerator, or a container with ice, in which you can keep a container of milk.