Diseases of the circulatory come today to the leading position, therefore becoming increasingly important medicines that can prevent or alleviate their course. One of these drugs is pentoxifylline.
What is the effect of pentoxifylline
Pentoxifylline is angioprotectors, that is, positive effect on the blood vessels. Its main effect is that it improves blood circulation in the small blood vessels. This happens due to the fact that pentoxifylline reduces blood viscosity, increasing its fluidity, preventing bonding (aggregation) of red blood cells and platelets. This feature of the drug prevents blood clots and increases the risk of hemorrhage and bleeding.
Blood vessels under the influence of pentoxifylline slightly expand that further enhances its previous effects. Extended coronary artery to deliver more oxygen to the heart muscle. This causes an increase in stroke volume without increasing heart rate - the heart begins to contract more strongly and often.
It is better supplied with blood and the brain - the body, which can not long exist in conditions of oxygen deficiency. It helps to prevent cerebrovascular events, including ischemic stroke.
Improved circulation in the lungs contributes to a better arterial oxygen saturation, and more active work of the respiratory muscles - it improves conditions for bronchopulmonary system associated with obstructive (violation of patency) changes in the bronchial tubes.
Who needs receiving pentoxifylline
Apply pentoxifylline at various vascular diseases. For example, with cerebrovascular disorders associated with atherosclerosis. In this case, pentoxifylline is able to significantly improve blood flow to the brain and prevent the development of ischemic (associated with vascular spasm) stroke. Hemorrhagic stroke is (which is caused due to rupture of a blood vessel), on the other hand, is a contraindication to the use of pentoxifylline as it may aggravate the disease.
Assign pentoxifylline and coronary heart disease, developed on the background of atherosclerosis, including during the recovery phase of myocardial infarction. But here caution is necessary: the fresh myocardial infarction and low blood pressure, this drug is contraindicated.
Violation of peripheral vascular permeability that occurs in diabetes
Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
and atherosclerosis, as an indication for the purpose of pentoxifylline.
Pentoxifylline prescribed for poor circulation in the retina or choroid, but if there are signs in the eye hemorrhage, pentoxifylline contraindicated. Equally in demand pentoxifylline and ENT practice. It is used, for example, hearing loss, which developed as a result of vascular disorders.
Finally, pentoxifylline may improve for chronic bronchitis and asthma - due to the improved blood supply of these organs and restore the normal functioning of the respiratory muscles.
In urology pentoxifylline is used to treat impotence
Impotence - a female perspective on the problem
That occurred on the background of circulatory disorders of the genitals.
What disorders can occur during treatment with pentoxifylline
The treatment with pentoxifylline may experience such unpleasant phenomena such as headaches, dizziness
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
Anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease?
, Anxiety, seizures, dry mouth, eating disorders, disorders of motor activity of the intestine and biliary tract (the latter can lead to stagnation of bile, cholecystitis, and even hepatitis), palpitations, low blood pressure, irregular heart rhythm, decrease in the number of red blood cells (anemia) , leukocytes (lowered immunity), platelets (increased bleeding), visual disturbances, allergic reactions.
In overdose pentoxifylline all these phenomena is significantly enhanced, which can lead to serious condition of the patient. Therefore, an overdose should immediately call an ambulance.
This is not necessary to appoint pentoxifylline
Pentoxifylline is not indicated when you are hypersensitive, pregnant women, nursing mothers, with fresh myocardial infarction, in hemorrhagic stroke, bleeding in the retina of the eye, low blood pressure. For intravenous pentoxifylline contraindication is expressed atherosclerosis of the arteries that carry blood to the heart muscle and the brain.
Pentoxifylline should not be taken without a doctor's prescription.