In fact, what is now called post-natal depression is not one disease, but three: postpartum sadness, postpartum depression and postpartum psychosis. They may be single stage process or develop separately.
Postpartum sadness manifested in the reduction of the general mood, fatigue, sudden occurrence of tears. These symptoms occur in the majority of women who gave birth in the first months after birth.
Postpartum psychosis is rare - it occurs in one of the thousands of women who gave birth. Postpartum psychosis manifests pronounced lethargy, withdrawal, indifference to the child and others. The condition is very dangerous for both the woman and for her family in the first place - for the child, and requires immediate treatment by a psychiatrist.
The earlier treatment is started, the faster the healing, often may not even require hospitalization and outpatient treatment saves breastfeeding. The improvement comes quickly enough, but for one - two years, the woman is under the supervision of a specialist.
All intermediate states fit into the concept of postpartum depression
Depression - a little more than a bad mood
The causes of postpartum depression
The emergence of depression contributes to endocrine dysfunction. In the blood postpartum women progesterone decreases sharply
Progesterone - norm and pathology
and triiodothyronine, changing the concentration of calcium, steroid hormones, electrolytes, Trp, and many other components.
Aggravating factors is unwanted pregnancy, psychological instability in the family, or the presence of stress factors. Often the woman is suffering due to the disappointments - nine months of pregnancy, the expectant mother wanted the child. In her dreams, he was perfect, tight-lipped, pink, rosy, lying quietly most of the time in his crib. Having postpartum screaming, baby requires constant attention, a woman is not ready for it. The same applies to their appearance, because many people think that immediately after birth they will look like before pregnancy. In fact, this is not true - and another reason for disappointment.
Compounding the problem of lack of understanding of the situation of women who gave birth relatives instead to help her, a woman accused of failure as a mother and wife.
All these factors give rise to post-natal depression. It manifests itself in expressions generally negative-slabodushnom background in abundant tearfulness no reason, rapid physical exhaustion before syncope occurs neurotic pain, development psevdosomaticheskih diseases often hysterical breakdowns. One woman can be from one to several symptoms of varying severity.
Prevention and treatment of postpartum depression
Postpartum depression can not be. For this purpose, the pregnancy was planned or desired, and the woman was surrounded by loving people in a really suiting her relationship. It has to be convinced that she and the baby after birth will not need, they will be able to save the habitual way of life.
Well, when after discharge from the maternity ward of a woman falls in comfort by her loved ones, and some homework take the spouse, parents or grown children.
Prevention of depression promote breastfeeding on demand, co-sleeping
Dreams: how to understand our dreams
Since in this case the child is calmer and the mother is less cause for concern.
If the depression came, is very good "day off" for my mother when she was released on a two - three hours from home once a week to a woman could easily visit your favorite shops, beauty salon, massage, or exercise.
If there is no effect, it is advisable to turn to a therapist.