- Intrauterine device - how to avoid complications?
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Pregnancy and spiral
- Operating principle
Advantages and disadvantages of an intrauterine device
IUD (intrauterine device) - is one of the oldest methods of contraception
Contraceptive Methods: Ten myths about contraception in the mirror of facts
. The first mention of intrauterine contraception were more than four thousand years ago. Of course, in those ancient times, the Navy had little in common with the modern high-tech and safe products.
The history of intrauterine device
Even in ancient times people have noticed that the presence of a foreign body in the uterus makes it difficult pregnancy. This method is actively used by the Bedouins, who have invested in the uterus camel stones to avoid pregnancy in going through the desert. Do not neglect this method and a woman who did not want to become mothers.
It is not known how effective such experiments, and how complications caused foreign bodies, which were used as contraceptives - an antiseptic in those days people still had no idea. The modern history of intrauterine devices began in 1926, when the doctor Ernst Gräfenberg of Germany proposed to use as a contraceptive ring alloy brass, bronze and copper. And in the sixties for the manufacture of intrauterine devices were first used flexible plastic. The first flexible plastic spiral was called "Lippes loop" by the name of its creator. Such funds intrauterine contraception to minimize the risk to injure female genital organs.
Over time, to replace the "Lippes loop" came other forms spiral became more and more miniaturized and flexible, and to enhance the contraceptive effect in these funds began to add copper, gold, silver. There were even hormonal spirals, which have the ability to change the hormonal women, excluding pregnancy.
How does the IUD
Intrauterine device operates as follows: hinders promotion of sperm into the uterus, reduces the life of the egg, prevent attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterus.
Before making a decision about the use of a spiral, be sure to consult a gynecologist, but he will be able to say if this is the method. For example, the IUD is recommended to use only ate there one sexual partner. It's not just that the coil does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases by. Application of spiral can increase the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease. Having more than one sexual partner increases the risk of contracting diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, so if you do not have a permanent partner, or several of them, the use of a spiral is extremely undesirable.
Contraindications to the use of an intrauterine device
Also contraindication may be the presence of diseases of the pelvic organs, and pathology of the cervix of the uterus (eg, in the presence of cervical erosion
Cervical erosion - almost without symptoms, but with consequences
IUD use is not desirable, since antennae Navy may affect erosion). It is believed that the Navy should not use nulliparous women as IUDs can increase the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease. Inflammation, in turn, can affect a woman's ability to further fertility. At the same time the pain during and after IUD insertion are more common in nulliparous women. Therefore we recommend spiral nulliparous women only when the risk of an unwanted pregnancy is very high, and other contraceptive methods are not suitable. If you are a healthy woman and you do not counter other methods of contraception
Methods of contraception: strengths and weaknesses
, The use of IUDs undesirable.
Women using spiral, especially during the first months, menstruation may become more abundant and painful, and may experience intermenstrual spotting
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
Worry about this is not necessary, because everything should return to normal within two - three months. However, if symptoms recur frequently, it is better to turn to a gynecologist, because these symptoms could be a sign of various gynecological diseases.
Spiral can also be used in sports. Loss of spiral is very rare. If this still happens, it is in most cases during the first few weeks after administration, usually during menstruation. It is therefore recommended to limit the exercise during menstruation.
To avoid possible side effects and complications, it is important to select the spiral with a reliable, proven quality. One of the most popular is Multiload. An important distinction of this spiral is an anatomical design and natural shapes - rounded shoulders repeat spiral shape of the body - the female body are no right angles. In addition, the spiral Multiload made using a special material - monofilament yarn - that prevents the penetration of infection.