Evra - dermal (transdermal) patch for the prevention of unwanted pregnancies. This is a new dosage form of hormonal contraceptive, which contains the minimum dose of synthetic analogues of female sex hormones at high efficiency. The patch is firmly attached to the skin and is not washed off with water. Removed, but with great difficulty.
The principle of operation of the patch Evra
The principle of operation of the patch Evra is the same as the other hormonal contraceptives they contain synthetic versions of estrogen and progesterone, which inhibit the secretion of pituitary hormones. Under the influence of the latter matures and leaves the egg from the ovaries. If Gomonov pituitary small, then ovulation does not occur, ie the egg is not released from the ovary.
Features of the contraceptive in the dosage form: it is very convenient for women. The patch is adhered to the skin once a week for three weeks, then - week break and menstrualnopodobnoe bleeding. No need to remember that every day at a certain time to be taking pills. According to statistics, about half of all women at least once forgets about it.
What side effects may occur while using the patch Evra
Side effects with Evra patch there, and no less than when taking hormone pills.
The most unpleasant side effects occur from the organs of blood circulation - venous insufficiency, which is accompanied by thrombosis. It can threaten a woman's life, because blood clots tend to break off and clog the large blood vessels. Hemorrhoids can occur. In addition, increased blood pressure often occurs tachycardia, edema appear.
On the part of the central and peripheral nervous system may experience dizziness, headache (including migraine), sensory disturbances in the form of pins and needles in the body, increased sensitivity (pain, bright light, loud sounds), trembling of the limbs and body, seizures, changeable mood, irritability, depression, anxiety, sleep disorders;
On the part of the gastrointestinal tract - inflammation of periodontal tissue (gingivitis, periodontitis), increased or decreased appetite, inflammation of the stomach and intestines, nausea, vomiting, unstable stool (constipation may alternate with diarrhea), abdominal pain
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From the upper and lower respiratory tract - the accession of infection by reducing immunity, shortness of breath, bronchial asthma.
On the part of the female genital organs - reduced local immunity of the external genitalia and the accession of infections (obesity, thrush), the changing nature of vaginal discharge and mucus released from the cervical canal, pain during sexual intercourse. Furthermore, there may occur violations of ovarian function, ovarian cysts
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That lead to menstrual disorders (including painful menstruation, intermenstrual bleeding, a large blood loss during menstruation), decreased libido, breast enlargement, the appearance of secretions from the breast not related to childbirth, inflammation and benign tumors of the breast glands.
On the part of the kidney and urinary tract - general decline in immunity may lead to the development of infectious and inflammatory diseases of these organs.
On the part of the musculoskeletal system - pain, muscle cramps, muscle weakness, joint pain
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and bones (such as in the spine, hip bones, bones of the lower leg).
Skin and appendages - dry skin, various skin rashes, including eczema and contact dermatitis (inflammation, swelling and blisters on the skin at the location of a patch), pustular rash on the face and upper trunk (acne) change complexion, sweating, loss of hair, photosensitivity (allergy to sunlight).
From the senses - conjunctivitis, visual disturbances.
On the part of metabolism - a sharp increase in weight, an increase in the blood levels of "harmful" cholesterol.
In addition, when using the Evra patch may be flu-like symptoms (cough, runny nose, fever), a constant feeling of weakness and fatigue, heart pain
Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor
, Anemia, suppurative processes in soft tissues, lymph node enlargement, sometimes - fainting.
And possible overdose, during which amplified all the side effects, there are nausea, vomiting, bleeding from the genitals of varying intensity. In this case, you must remove the patch and if the condition does not improve, call an ambulance.
Evra transdermal patch is a hormonal contraceptive like hormone pills, he has a lot of contraindications for use, so the obstetrician appointed after a preliminary examination of the woman.