A reliable method of emergency contraception that is most right for this woman, it is best to be able to choose the doctor. Every modern woman should regularly visit your obstetrician-gynecologist, who will teach her to use modern contraceptives, including emergency funds for the prevention of unwanted pregnancies.
What is emergency contraception
Emergency contraception - the warning of unintended pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. Cases where there is a need for emergency contraception, can occur in any woman. But it is desirable that such cases as little as possible, as emergency contraception may inflict harm to the body of women.
Apply emergency contraception may be at break of a condom or defect of any other means of barrier contraception if sexual intercourse took place after the violation of the regularity of combined oral contraceptives, after the rape, and so on. But as a regular, or even just a regular method of contraception they can not be used.
Emergency hormonal contraception using progestogen
Progestogens - a synthetic analogue of the female sex hormone progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
. In the body of a woman under the influence of progesterone takes place the second half of the menstrual cycle. Progesterone stimulates the secretion of pituitary hormones. If progesterone in the body much, it inhibits the secretion of pituitary hormones, which occurs under the influence of oocyte maturation and ovulation.
These physiological characteristics of the female organism have been used in the preparations for the emergency contraceptive Postinor and eskapel. Both formulations contain high doses of progestogen levonorgestrel, but it Postinor twice behind eskapel. Acceptance of one tablet or two tablets eskapel Postinor with an interval of 12 hours inhibits ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
(release of an egg from the ovary) and prevents conception. But taking these medications should be no later than 72 hours after unprotected intercourse, or even better, if it will happen no later than the next day.
Reception at high doses of progestogen hormone is a blow to the woman's body. May fail menstrual cycle, the occurrence of intermenstrual bleeding with soreness, changes in the mammary glands, and so on.
Side effects of these drugs may also be headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
, Muscle weakness, fatigue. But all this does not require discontinuation of therapy. If the manifest any signs of allergy (itchy rash, urticaria, angioedema, etc.), this group of drugs can not be used longer.
Applications for emergency contraception intrauterine device (IUD)
To intrauterine devices include, for example, a spiral that may prevent an unplanned pregnancy, even in cases of emergency. Modern IUD is a copper wire, stranded around a special rod length of about 4 cm, to which are attached two nylon yarn for which the IUD can be removed from the uterus.
Navy gynecologist introduced into the uterine cavity, which suppress the possibility of pregnancy. This happens due to irritation of the walls of the uterus by a foreign body, aseptic (without the presence of infection) inflammation and spermicidal (sperm-killing) action of copper. Additionally, IUDs oocyte inhibits vital functions and stimulates contraction of the uterus and tubes, making it impossible to introduce the embryo into the uterine wall.
If the Navy entered within three days after unprotected sex, it warns pregnant. IUDs are the most effective means of emergency contraception
How do emergency contraception: caution especially
But they are not suitable for all women. For emergency IUD insertion woman must always be observed at the gynecologist for it to be sure of her lack of contraindications for this type of contraception.
In addition, a woman needs to know that the Navy is not established in the short term, and for a few years, and along with it. Contraception using IUDs suitable only for women who have a sexual partner, as this method does not protect against infection, moreover, reinforces the Navy's predisposition to infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Navy can not be installed in inflammatory processes of female genital mutilation, the presence of benign and malignant tumors in this area.
Emergency contraception - it is not easy, so it is better to apply for help to the gynecologist, the more time that allows you to do this.