Methods of emergency contraception - reliable methods are not too many

November 13, 2012

 methods of emergency contraception
 A reliable method of emergency contraception that is most right for this woman, it is best to be able to choose the doctor. Every modern woman should regularly visit your obstetrician-gynecologist, who will teach her to use modern contraceptives, including emergency funds for the prevention of unwanted pregnancies.

 Methods of emergency contraception - reliable methods are not too many

What is emergency contraception

Emergency contraception - the warning of unintended pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. Cases where there is a need for emergency contraception, can occur in any woman. But it is desirable that such cases as little as possible, as emergency contraception may inflict harm to the body of women.

Apply emergency contraception may be at break of a condom or defect of any other means of barrier contraception if sexual intercourse took place after the violation of the regularity of combined oral contraceptives, after the rape, and so on. But as a regular, or even just a regular method of contraception they can not be used.

 Methods of emergency contraception - reliable methods are not too many

Emergency hormonal contraception using progestogen

Progestogens - a synthetic analogue of the female sex hormone progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology  Progesterone - norm and pathology
 . In the body of a woman under the influence of progesterone takes place the second half of the menstrual cycle. Progesterone stimulates the secretion of pituitary hormones. If progesterone in the body much, it inhibits the secretion of pituitary hormones, which occurs under the influence of oocyte maturation and ovulation.

These physiological characteristics of the female organism have been used in the preparations for the emergency contraceptive Postinor and eskapel. Both formulations contain high doses of progestogen levonorgestrel, but it Postinor twice behind eskapel. Acceptance of one tablet or two tablets eskapel Postinor with an interval of 12 hours inhibits ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?  Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
   (release of an egg from the ovary) and prevents conception. But taking these medications should be no later than 72 hours after unprotected intercourse, or even better, if it will happen no later than the next day.

Reception at high doses of progestogen hormone is a blow to the woman's body. May fail menstrual cycle, the occurrence of intermenstrual bleeding with soreness, changes in the mammary glands, and so on.

Side effects of these drugs may also be headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?  Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
 , Muscle weakness, fatigue. But all this does not require discontinuation of therapy. If the manifest any signs of allergy (itchy rash, urticaria, angioedema, etc.), this group of drugs can not be used longer.

 Methods of emergency contraception - reliable methods are not too many

Applications for emergency contraception intrauterine device (IUD)

To intrauterine devices include, for example, a spiral that may prevent an unplanned pregnancy, even in cases of emergency. Modern IUD is a copper wire, stranded around a special rod length of about 4 cm, to which are attached two nylon yarn for which the IUD can be removed from the uterus.

Navy gynecologist introduced into the uterine cavity, which suppress the possibility of pregnancy. This happens due to irritation of the walls of the uterus by a foreign body, aseptic (without the presence of infection) inflammation and spermicidal (sperm-killing) action of copper. Additionally, IUDs oocyte inhibits vital functions and stimulates contraction of the uterus and tubes, making it impossible to introduce the embryo into the uterine wall.

If the Navy entered within three days after unprotected sex, it warns pregnant. IUDs are the most effective means of emergency contraception How do emergency contraception: caution especially  How do emergency contraception: caution especially
 But they are not suitable for all women. For emergency IUD insertion woman must always be observed at the gynecologist for it to be sure of her lack of contraindications for this type of contraception.

In addition, a woman needs to know that the Navy is not established in the short term, and for a few years, and along with it. Contraception using IUDs suitable only for women who have a sexual partner, as this method does not protect against infection, moreover, reinforces the Navy's predisposition to infectious and inflammatory diseases.

Navy can not be installed in inflammatory processes of female genital mutilation, the presence of benign and malignant tumors in this area.

Emergency contraception - it is not easy, so it is better to apply for help to the gynecologist, the more time that allows you to do this.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Emergency Contraception

Birth control pills for nursing: why care should be taken?

February 15th, 2012

 Pill nursing
 The period of breast-feeding is not less important as during pregnancy. The female body has changed dramatically, due to hormonal changes. She is more beautiful in the eyes appeared a mysterious luster, but were added and care. After nursing mother should follow not only the health of the child, but also for its carefully. We should not forget that the baby through breast milk fall both beneficial and harmful substances. Therefore, the question of contraception in lactation period must be approached with the utmost caution. Many women in this regard, the question arises how to protect themselves and what contraceptive pills are suitable for feeding?


Methods of contraception for breastfeeding

You need to know and remember that the risk of unwanted pregnancies and saved during breastfeeding. To avoid this situation, should begin to be protected after six to eight weeks after birth (the period of sexual rest). The calendar method is not reliable enough, since the menstrual cycle has not yet been recovered or not recovered completely. Not bad lactational amenorrhea method Lactational amenorrhea - the natural recovery of the body after birth  Lactational amenorrhea - the natural recovery of the body after birth
 But when you use it should comply with the following rules:

  • the absence of menstruation;
  • breast-feeding Breastfeeding - a personal choice  Breastfeeding - a personal choice
   Only breast milk;
  • breaks between feedings should be at least four hours;
  • presence of night feedings;
  • use of the method is possible only for six months after birth.

Under these conditions, the lactational amenorrhea method Lactational amenorrhea method - effective but demanding  Lactational amenorrhea method - effective but demanding
   It reaches 98%.

It is also possible to use condoms, particularly in conjunction with a spermicide, which are available in tablets and in the form of creams and suppositories. The benefits of spermicides:

  • have a damaging effect on sperm;
  • not exert systemic effects on the body and do not influence the quality of the milk;
  • the possibility of long-term use;
  • increase the amount of grease (after the birth of her generation is somewhat reduced);
  • It has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activity.

But apart from the merits, spermicides (Pharmatex, Patenteks Oval, Ginakoteks, Tratsepin and others) have a number of disadvantages:

  • Tablet should be administered no later than ten to fifteen minutes before sexual intercourse (which certainly is not very convenient);
  • operation pill lasts no more than an hour;
  • for six to eight hours can not take a shower or wash.

And, of course, the ideal method of contraception are mini-pill.



Tablets with a funny name "mini-pill" have appeared on the market for a long time and is quite popular in lactating women. Mini-pill differ from oral hormonal contraceptives that their formulations contain only small doses of progestin and estrogen is absent Estrogen - the key to bone health  Estrogen - the key to bone health
 . As is well known, estrogen affects on breast milk, deteriorating its quality, and reduces its production. That is why nursing mothers is contraindicated use of oral contraceptives combined. The main representatives of the minipill are Ekslyuton, Mikrolyut and relatively new drug - Charozetta.

The mechanism of action of mini-pill based on structural changes of the endometrium, which leads to impossibility of implantation, and they cause a thickening of the cervical mucus, thereby impeding the penetration of sperm into the uterus.

When used properly, the contraceptive effect is almost 100%. The advantages of mini-pill include:

  • sufficiently high efficiency;
  • They do not have a systemic effect on the body, and therefore the breast milk;
  • have smaller (compared to the combined pills) side effects;
  • have a therapeutic effect (anti-inflammatory effect and regulation of the menstrual cycle);
  • restoring fertility after discontinuation of the drug in the last month.

How are mini-pill? Each pack contains 28 tablets, they need to be taken every day without a break. But it is worth remembering that in the case of a forgotten time drunk pill contraceptive effect is reduced already after three hours (the exception is Charozetta, its effect lasts twelve hours). Therefore, you must take the tablet as remembered and protected by additional methods for a further seven days.

Anna Sozinova

Article Tags:
  • birth control pills