- Phonophoresis: physiotherapy method for the treatment of many diseases
- Effect of Ultrasound on the human body
Phonophoresis - a method of administration to the patient of drugs using ultrasound. At the same time the body is the physical and chemical effects of ultrasound exposure to drugs administered into the body with it.
Under ultrasound drug penetrates into the surface layers of the skin (epidermis), which penetrates into the blood and lymph and then spreads throughout the body, entering directly into the cell.
For fonoforeza uses ultrasonic vibration frequency from 800 to 3000 kHz intensity not higher than 1 W / cm2. For fonoforeza in various diseases using cell phones UST - 101, UST - 102, UST - 103, UST - 104 UST -31.
Ultrasonic absorption by biological tissues depends on the acoustic properties of the tissues and the frequency of ultrasonic vibration. The lower frequency of ultrasound, the greater the depth of it can penetrate into tissue. It is best to absorb the ultrasound bone and tissue, located on the border of tissues having different acoustic properties (eg, between the skin and subcutaneous tissue). Ultrasonic absorption also varies with the condition of any tissue in connection with the development of the disease therein.
Effect of Ultrasound on the human body
Under the influence of ultrasound change the permeability of cell membranes for a variety of biologically active substances involved in the metabolism, the rate of enzymatic processes, the electrical activity of tissue cells and some other processes. In the tissues under the influence of ultrasound is an activation of metabolic processes, increase of nucleic acids and the stimulation of the absorption of oxygen to tissues.
Under the influence of ultrasound increases the permeability of blood vessels, so the acute inflammatory process with significant tissue edema may occur deterioration of the disease. But with subacute and chronic inflammatory processes, which are not accompanied by edema, improvement comes as ultrasound promotes the resorption process. It was also found pronounced antispasmodic (removal of spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs and blood vessel walls) the effect of ultrasound.
The ultrasound promotes less rough scarring of wounds and inflammation, and also leads to a softening of already formed scar tissue, which makes any rough scars less visible and after treatment with ultrasound. Therefore fonoforez used in the treatment of the effects of various injuries and adhesive processes after surgery and inflammatory diseases.
Small doses of ultrasound have a stimulating effect on recovery processes in tissues, large - inhibit these processes. Ultrasound hinders pain impulse in the nerve cells and nerve fibers, it can be used in various pain syndromes.
Ultrasound has a stimulating effect on the endocrine system: increases in blood insulin
The principles of action of insulin - the science of saving lives
Under the influence of ultrasound is the local tissue changes (activation of local metabolism, improve blood circulation in small blood vessels, reduction processes), and the complex reactions of the whole organism, that result in increasing the body's defenses and the recovery processes in the body as a whole.
Indications and contraindications
The indications for phonophoresis are a variety of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, diseases of the spine (including sciatica, cervical osteochondrosis
Cervical osteochondrosis - the lot of office workers
and so on), trigeminal neuralgia, neuritis of the facial nerve in the subacute and chronic stage, the effects of wounds and other injuries of the peripheral nervous system injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system, arthritis revmatoizny
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
, Ankylosing spondylitis, gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the absence of bleeding, chronic cholecystitis, chronic constipation in violation of motor activity of the intestine, scar-adhesions, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, some chronic gynecological and urological diseases, neurodermatitis, scar skin disease , chronic tonsillitis
Chronic tonsillitis - inflammation of the tonsils
Some eye diseases.
Contraindications for fonoforeza are acute inflammatory diseases, blood diseases, tumors, and any severe diseases of internal organs and systems.