Fibroblasts: good news for those who do not want to grow old

January 7, 2013

 Fine lines, deep wrinkles, sagging skin around the mouth and on the neck - the appearance of these signs of aging can be if not prevented, significantly slow down. All of them are the result of structural defects in the deep layers of the skin, but today, these violations can be stopped by stimulating the production of new collagen.

Since the beginning of the 1990s, there have been many studies that have examined the three most effective anti-aging techniques: the use of point of retinoic acid, a skin resurfacing carbon dioxide laser and injection of hyaluronic acid.

All these methods stimulate collagen production, thus reducing the number and depth of wrinkles, and making the skin elastic and strong. Collagen - the most important substances produced in the dermis, which is a lot in young skin, but in the course of aging is getting smaller. Studies have shown that the destruction of the structure of the dermis is a very important factor in skin aging - and to deal with it is much easier than to genetic factors which can also be "guilty" in aging skin Aging Skin: The three most common problems and their solutions  Aging Skin: The three most common problems and their solutions

For the production of collagen, fibroblasts are responsible, and neither their functioning can be influenced. It has been proven that if you enter into the dermis collagen, create an environment in which fibroblasts were damaged during the aging process, recover and begin to produce more collagen. Even more effective injection of fibroblasts - they stimulate the production of collagen and give long-term results.

Restylane - one of the most popular dermal fillers, improves fibroblast Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue  Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue
 , Thereby also begins to produce more collagen.

It was also investigated lotions containing retinol (a form of vitamin A Vitamin A: An important element of the health and beauty  Vitamin A: An important element of the health and beauty
 Which is found in many products for skin care). It has been proven that retinol, affecting fibroblasts, stimulates the formation of collagen in aging skin, and significantly reduces the number of wrinkles.

 Fibroblasts: good news for those who do not want to grow old

Young and aging skin

The formation and destruction of collagen occurs in the dermis - the dense, thick layer of skin beneath the thin epidermis bred as a mattress under the sheet. In young skin collagen produced much, so the dermis thick, dense and elastic - like a new mattress. As skin ages, collagen and its producing cells begin to break down with the whole structure of the dermis. Just as the mattress over time becomes less elastic, somewhere concave, and sometimes begin to sag with age in the dermis appear recesses (wrinkles), and sometimes it droops. This is due to a decrease in the amount of collagen and its fragmentation. The chain of events that lead to this rather complicated.

As soon as the skin ages, reactive oxygen species, which are linked with many aspects of aging, lead to increased production of the enzyme collagenase, which breaks down collagen. Thereafter, the destruction fibroblasts produced more and collagenase. In the skin of people over 80 years old are four times more destruction of collagen than in those under 30 years. Eventually collagenase virtually dissolves the dermis; older people as a result of cleavage of collagen in the dermis thickness two to three times lower than in youth. Because of this, the skin becomes more susceptible to various injuries. Thus, the injection of fibroblasts and other techniques that improve the functioning of the cells necessary for formation of collagen can help not only to look younger, but also to prevent certain medical problems in the elderly.

Article Tags:
  • Cosmetology tools

Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue

January 5th, 2013

  • Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue
  • Options
  • Collagen and elastic fibers
  • Rejuvenation
  • Why

 Fibroblasts - a kind of cells that synthesize and maintain the extracellular matrix of many living tissues. They form the basis of the structure (the stroma) of tissues and play an important role in wound healing. Fibroblasts are the most common connective tissue cells of animals.

 Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue

Fibroblasts and connective tissue

The main function of fibroblasts - to maintain the structural integrity of connective tissue, is constantly producing precursors of the extracellular matrix. They all secrete extracellular matrix components, the composition of which determines the physical properties of the connective tissue.

Fibroblasts are morphologically heterogeneous, and differ depending on the location and the specific tasks performed. After ectopic transplants fibroblasts can preserve the memory of the tissue from which the fence was made of cells, at least not for several generations.

In contrast to epithelial cells, fibroblasts can migrate slowly and they do not form a shell body structures.

 Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue

The role of carnosine in maintaining cell activity

The dipeptide L-carnosine has a positive effect on cultured human fibroblasts. Physiological concentrations of L-carnosine can increase the lifespan of fibroblasts in vitro and slow down their aging process. Moreover, fibroblasts become "younger" than when they are placed in solution with L-carnosine, and begin to age rapidly when L-carnosine removed. These properties were not detected in its optical isomer - D-carnosine.

 Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue

Telomerase helps "reset" circadian rhythm fibroblasts

Synchronization of circadian signals is crucial for maintaining the normal functioning of the human body. However, aging is penalized for synchronization of peripheral circadian rhythms that lead to various diseases, the development of which is associated with aging. Until now, scientists had very little information about changes vibrational rhythms in senescent cells. Recent studies have shown that the aging of cells of some muscle tissue alters the circadian rhythm by influencing the expression of genes that control circadian rhythms. Moreover, it was found that this change can be stopped and even reversed, if the restore operation of telomerase.

To determine whether the recovery of telomerase restore the circadian rhythm in aging cells of other types, fibroblasts were used as models for in-depth study of cell communication between cellular aging and changes in circadian rhythm. It was found that the expression of genes controlling circadian rhythms in senescent fibroblasts has been substantially weakened, but with the help of telomerase it failed to improve. Based on these results it can be concluded that the recovery of telomerase - good way to re-synchronize circadian rhythm peripheral that in aging tissues violated.

 Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue

Activation of the metabolism of fibroblasts in the skin

Elasticity and tone of the skin with age is gradually reduced. These changes begin in the dermis (skin layer positioned under the epidermis) and connected to the inability of cells, especially fibroblasts, regenerated molecules forming the extracellular matrix. Aging skin is also characterized by a decrease in the density of the epidermis and the flattening of the basal membrane.

The newly created three-dimensional systems in which the cells develop within the porous structure, which recreates the human extracellular matrix of the dermis, are effective ways to demonstrate the biological effects of anti-aging agents. In one recent study used a model of the dermis, formed from collagen, chitosan, glycosaminoglycans, which "settle" normal human fibroblasts, which are synthesized extracellular matrix. Today, these models are widely used to study the most promising compounds for anti-aging.

In the course of the study were studied protein hydrolysates - natural peptides, the properties of which have so far been little studied. The three-dimensional model of the dermis of these peptides Peptides: The new panacea?  Peptides: The new panacea?
   increased the proliferation of fibroblasts 40% to lead to increased production of collagen by 165% and elastin - 116%. Furthermore, in a study using a model of the dermis it showed that soy peptides significantly increase the thickness and density of the epidermis.

 Fibroblasts: the mystery of the connective tissue

The destruction of the fibroblasts and the aging process

The appearance of the skin is one of the main indicators of age. During the last decade, science has made significant progress toward understanding the underlying mechanisms of aging of human skin. This knowledge will provide the basis for the creation and use of new anti-aging agents. One of the key features of aging of the skin - the fragmentation of collagen and dermal matrix. Fragmentation is the result of specific enzymes (matrix metalloproteinases), and it, in turn, gives the structural integrity of the dermis. Fibroblasts, which generate collagen matrix can not attach to the collagen fragmented. As a result, the fibroblasts are destroyed.

The aging skin due to destruction of fibroblast collagen produced little, and a lot of enzymes that degrade collagen. Due to this aging becomes continuous process, which in itself can not stop. In the clinical setting it has been proved that the use of retinoic acid, laser resurfacing and intradermal injections of hyaluronic acid stimulates the production of new, intact collagen. This can easily be attached to collagen, fibroblasts, resulting in production and collagen breakdown is harmonized, and slows down the aging process.