- Erysipelas - an unpleasant disease with a bad name
- What is erysipelas
What is erysipelas
Erysipelas - an infectious disease that is caused by streptococci and characterized by inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes, fever and other violations of the general condition of the body.
Pathogenic Streptococcus properties associated with the action of its antigens (foreign substances to the human body, in response to the introduction of which produce antibodies), so the disease is still allergic nature, the complex being an infectious-allergic.
Streptococcus affects human organs and tissues also by toxins (poisons allocated streptococcus) and enzymes (substances that accelerate the chemical processes in the tissues).
How can you get sick
The source of infection is people with streptococcal disease, as well as the carriers of this infection (without symptoms of the disease). Pathogens are usually transmitted by contact through dirty hands or household items. It does not rule out the airborne route of transmission. Often erysipelas caused by ingestion of streptococcal infection from other foci of inflammation in the patient. So, erysipelas often occurs in patients with angina or otitis.
Contributing factors for the development of faces are small injuries to the skin, colds, exacerbation of chronic diseases of upper respiratory tract and skin, including fungal, hypothermia and exhaustion.
Sometimes erysipelas occurs against a background of diseases such as eczema, trophic ulcers, chronic venous insufficiency
Venous insufficiency - rapidly Youthful disease
, Diaper rash and fungal skin diseases.
The incubation period (time from infection until the first signs of the disease) is at the face from a few hours to three days. Then there is a general weakness, fatigue, malaise, and then suddenly there is high fever, chills, headache. Already in the first few hours the temperature rises to 40 °, muscle pain appear in the legs
Pain in the legs - from which they arise?
and in the lower back, pain in the joints
Joint pain - how to understand what is going on?
The skin at the site of inflammation appear bloating, burning and pain, and then - a small pink or red spot, which is spreading in breadth and has clear boundaries. The affected part of the skin rises above a healthy skin, it is tense and hot to the touch. In early disease the pressure-sensitive redness disappears, but subsequently retained when pressure.
Later in the areas of redness may appear blisters (bullae) and bruising. May increase the nearby lymph nodes.
In uncomplicated course of the disease subsides after 5-7 days (if it was only redness and swelling of the skin) or 10-12 days (if the skin were bubbles).
The frequency of complications in the face of 4-8%. Complications can be both local and general.
Local complications include various suppurative processes - abscesses (limited capsule ulcers), cellulitis (not demarcated from the surrounding tissue abscesses), necrosis (death of tissue) of the skin, sores on the location of bubbles, inflammation of the veins.
Another complication is the local elephantiasis. Due to the blockage of the lymph vessels may come a violation of lymphatic drainage. Against the background of such a state in this area starts to grow connective tissue and subcutaneous tissue - develops a tight swelling of the skin with an increase in the so-called elephantiasis.
Common complications of erysipelas - a sepsis (blood infection), inflammation of the kidneys
Inflammation of the kidney - do not suffer pain
, Complications of the cardiovascular system.
Treatment of erysipelas
Treatment of erysipelas is composed of general and local treatment and lasts from 7 days to 1, 5 - 2 months. General treatment of erysipelas should be comprehensive and include drugs that affect the causative agent (antibiotic), anti-inflammatory medications, drugs that enhance the body's defenses, reducing the permeability of small blood vessels, and vitamins. Appointed as drinking plenty of fluids and drugs that reduce the toxic effect of streptococcus.
Local therapy faces now is of secondary importance. Such treatment is carried out only with extensive cystic lesions and is held in conjunction with physiotherapy. Blisters on the skin incised, and empty bandage with disinfectant. After the acute symptoms subside appointed agents to stimulate tissue repair effects (eg, Vinylinum).
From physiotherapy used paraffin, mineral wax, electrophoresis with different drugs.
Prevention of exacerbations
Common prevention measures - personal hygiene, prevention of minor injuries, chafing, hypothermia often ineffective. Therefore, frequent exacerbations or in the presence of residual symptoms of the disease is carried out prevention of exacerbations faces with antibiotics.
Erysipelas - a serious disease that can occur for a long time and give a lot of complications.