- Sintomitsinovoy ointment: against skin infections
- How does
Antibiotics chloramphenicol are broad-spectrum antibiotics. They are effective against many Gram-positive (a hard shell that holds a special Gram stain) and gram (less dense environment that the Gram stain does not hold) the bacteria, large viruses (eg, trachoma pathogens). Antibiotics of this group inhibit the activity of microorganisms that are resistant to penicillin. Not too active antibiotics of this group against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and protozoa.
The mechanism of action of antibiotics chloramphenicol group is to suppress the synthesis of proteins of infectious agents that suspend their reproduction (bacteriostatic effect). Drug resistance of microorganisms to these drugs develops slowly.
Chloramphenicol Antibiotics are very effective, but they have a number of side effects. If ingestion may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, various skin rashes, irritation around the anus, have toxic effects on the hematopoietic system, cause a variety of mental disorders, hearing loss and vision, the suppression of vital functions of normal intestinal flora, the development of dysbiosis, secondary fungal infection
Fungal infection: to prevent and defeat
and so on.
Due to the large number of side effects of the drug chloramphenicol group today mostly used externally.
How does sintomitsinovaja ointment
Sintomitsina (INN - chloramphenicol) - a group of antibiotic chloramphenicol. The current starting sintomitsina also chloramphenicol. Since the use of sintomitsina may be accompanied by the same complications as the treatment of chloramphenicol, as well as severe mental disorders (anxiety, excitement and so on), it is administered only topically, often in the form of liniments.
Sintomitsinovoy ointment commonly referred to 1%, 5% or 10% liniment (emulsion) sintomitsina which incorporates sintomitsina, castor oil, a special emulsifier, preservative and distilled water. Liniment is white or slightly yellow color and a faint scent of a kind. When applied to the affected skin, he actively suppresses the livelihoods of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and other microorganisms sensitive to it. But one of the conditions for successful treatment is a preliminary microbiological testing of biological material taken from a lesion on the identification of the pathogen and its sensitivity to antibiotics.
Indications and contraindications for use liniment sintomitsina
Liniment sintomitsina used strictly prescribed by a doctor and after a preliminary study of the biological material on the sensitivity to antibiotics in the treatment of the following diseases:
- when pustular skin lesions, including for abrasions and carbuncles;
- purulent wounds resulting from injuries and surgical interventions;
- in the treatment of nonhealing burns, venous ulcers and bedsores - the treatment and prevention of septic complications;
- when cracked nipples
Cracked nipples - how to prepare for feeding the child?
among women in childbirth;
- in the treatment of trachoma.
Contraindications for the purpose liniment sintomitsina are:
- hypersensitivity to the liniment sintomitsina;
- lack of laboratory analysis confirming the sensitivity of the pathogens to the antibiotic
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
- fungal diseases of the skin;
- suppression of bone marrow hematopoiesis;
- severe renal dysfunction and liver;
- the neonatal period (up to four weeks of life).
Dosing liniment sintomitsina
Liniment sintomitsina applied to the affected skin or wound. You can apply liniment-soaked gauze. Thereafter, the wound bandage. Dressings carried out once a day or less, there may be interruptions to 5 days - a decision on the frequency of dressing takes a doctor.
When they cracked nipples after each feeding baby
Breastfeeding - a personal choice
first washed with a disinfectant solution, and then applied on the crack sterile cloth, coated with a liniment. Healing occurs very quickly, usually for 3-5 days. During treatment, breast-feeding is not interrupted, but before breast-feeding should be washed thoroughly.
Liniment sintomitsina - an excellent tool for the treatment of skin infections.