- Psoriasis - immune system alarm
- How to start
Self-treatment of psoriasis
Psoriasis - a chronic problem that causes the skin cells to grow too quickly, leading to the formation of white, red, silver or projecting spots on the skin. Normally, skin cells grow slowly and die in about 4 weeks. New cells grow to replace the old, moribund layer of the skin. But in psoriasis new cells grow too quickly and create a psoriatic plaque.
Stains can be different sizes. They usually appear on the elbows, knees, scalp, hands, feet, lower back.
Psoriasis, especially teenagers, are often ashamed of their disease, so try to avoid situations where their disease is visible, for example, swimming. But there are many treatments that can control the symptoms of psoriasis.
What causes psoriasis
Experts believe that psoriasis - an autoimmune disease, that is, excessive reaction of the immune system, causing inflammation and flaking of the skin.
In some cases, psoriasis is a familial disease. Researchers are studying these families, to determine how psoriasis is passed from parents to children, and that causes the onset of the disease.
People with psoriasis often notice that sometimes the skin condition worsens. Such an exacerbation can cause cold and dry climate, infections, stress
How to beat stress? Create an oasis
Dryness of the skin. Also, certain drugs, e.g., non-hormonal anti-inflammatory agents, high blood pressure and mental illnesses
Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?
may exacerbate psoriasis.
Smoking, especially in women, increases the risk of psoriasis and exacerbations.
Psoriasis is not a contagious disease, it is not transmitted from one person to another.
What are the symptoms
The symptoms of psoriasis may be different. In mild cases, these are small areas affected by rashes. When moderate or severe disease inflamed skin, formed protruding red areas, covered with silvery flaky skin. If this is hard stage, itching and soreness. Plaques may coalesce and cover large areas of the skin, such as the entire back.
In some people, psoriasis causes joint problems - they become swollen and painful. This condition is called psoriatic arthritis
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
. It can also affect the nails, on which there are stains, discoloration and can separate from the nail bed.
Sometimes the symptoms disappear (this is called a remission), but without treatment they reappear.
How to diagnose psoriasis
Usually the doctor makes the diagnosis by looking at the condition of the skin or nails. Sometimes take scrapings to rule out a fungal infection.
In most cases, psoriasis is mild, and only need a proper skin care. It is necessary to moisturize the skin creams and lotions. Sometimes this is complemented with special shampoos, ultraviolet light and medication.
In some cases, psoriasis can be difficult to cure. Maybe you need to try different combinations to find out what is suitable for the particular case. Psoriasis treatment can last a lifetime.
What you can do yourself
- Use creams or lotions, bath products that moisturize the skin.
- Try short exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet lamps.
- It is also important to avoid those things that cause exacerbation of psoriasis, such as:
- Damage to the skin. Damage to the skin can cause the formation of plaques on any part of the body.
- Stress and anxiety. Stress causes flare-ups or worsen the disease.
- Infections. Infectious diseases, such as angina, can cause the sudden appearance of psoriasis, particularly in children.
- Certain medications. Some drugs, for example, non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, beta-blockers, and lithium, may exacerbate the symptoms of psoriasis
The symptoms of psoriasis - a great variety
. If this occurs, treatment should be discussed with your doctor, he may prescribe other drugs.
- Excessive exposure to sunlight. Short-term exposure to the sun usually improves the skin condition, but too long exposure causes skin damage and worsening of psoriasis.
- Alcohol. Alcohol may cause an increase in symptoms.
- Smoking. Smoking increases the likelihood of psoriasis, and it worsens over, especially in women.
Studies have found that compliance with any particular diet improves the condition of patients with psoriasis. However, for some people, the exclusion of certain foods from the diet may alleviate the condition. Most doctors recommend a balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight.