Maalox - guide will help determine the correct dose of reception

June 10th, 2012

 Maalox guide
 Maalox - a combination product composed of magnesium hydroxide and aluminum. It has absorbent, enveloping and antacid (lowering gastric acidity) properties, reduces pain in the esophagus, stomach and duodenum for a few hours.

 Maalox - guide will help determine the correct dose of reception

The mechanism of action Maalox

Maalox is a combined medication, having in its composition algeldrat (aluminum hydroxide) and magnesium hydroxide. Maalox is produced by the French pharmaceutical company Sanofi-Aventis in tablets and in suspension. The content of components in various dosage forms Maalox:

  • Maalox one tablet contained 400 mg of each component;
  • in suspension in bottles of 250 ml, 100 ml containing 3.5 g algeldrata and 4 g of magnesium hydroxide;
  • Maalox suspension in bags in one bag contains 523 mg of 5 algeldrata 598.5 mg and magnesium hydroxide;
  • Maalox 70 in suspension in flasks of 250 ml in 100 ml algeldrata contained 9 g and 6 g of magnesium hydroxide;
  • Maalox suspension in 70 bags in one bag contains 900 mg and 600 mg algeldrata magnesium hydroxide.

The main active ingredient (aluminum hydroxide and magnesium) is part of the following drugs produced by other pharmaceutical companies: algeldrat and magnesium hydroxide, almol, altatsid, almagel, alyumag, antacid, Gustav, Gastracid, gestid, aluminum hydroxide and magnesium koalgel, maalukol, meylaks, palmagel, prolanta, rivoloks, cherry namagel.

Maalox neutralize the free hydrochloric acid in the stomach, it helps to reduce the total activity of gastric juice. Furthermore, Maalox adsorbs on their surfaces a substance damaging the stomach wall and covers the surface of the stomach with a protective film (protective action), which greatly reduces the impact of any damaging effects on the mucosa of the body.

Action Maalox generally consists of action of its components. Thus algeldrat suppresses the secretion of pepsin (an enzyme that cleaves proteins) is reacted with hydrochloric acid to form a neutral aluminum chloride, which in the alkaline environment of the intestine is transformed into alkaline aluminum salts.

Magnesium hydroxide and reacted with hydrochloric acid to form a neutral magnesium chloride, which balances the effect of aluminum hydroxide astrict Constipation - Watch out for food  Constipation - Watch out for food
 . Magnesium hydroxide also covers gastric mucosa protective layer and with algeldratom provides prolonged local effect in the stomach without formation of gases.

Simultaneously Maalox generally reduces pain in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Action Maalox begins in three to five minutes after ingestion and lasts about one to two hours. The drug is almost not absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, providing mainly local effect.

 Maalox - guide will help determine the correct dose of reception

Indications and contraindications

Indications for use Maalox are:

  • gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the acute stage;
  • acute inflammation of the stomach and duodenum (acute gastro);
  • Chronic gastroduodenitis with normal or elevated secretion of gastric juice in the acute stage;
  • diaphragmatic hernia - a protrusion of the stomach in hiatal;
  • inflammation of the walls of the esophagus because of the permanent abandonment of stomach contents into the esophagus (reflux oesophagitis)
  • disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (dyspepsia) occurring on the background of certain medications (such as glucocorticoid hormones or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs);
  • discomfort and pain in the upper abdomen, heartburn when errors in diet, drinking plenty of coffee, alcohol, smoking.

Admission Maalox is contraindicated in severe renal disease with significant impairment of their function, Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease - can be slowed down, it can not be cured  Alzheimer's disease - can be slowed down, it can not be cured
 , Hypersensitivity to the drug before the age of one month. During pregnancy and nursing Breastfeeding - a personal choice  Breastfeeding - a personal choice
   breast-medication is not recommended for more than three consecutive days.

 Maalox - guide will help determine the correct dose of reception

Side effects

Maalox is generally well tolerated, but may occur and side effects:

  • from the gastrointestinal tract - nausea Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system  Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system
 , Vomiting, constipation, taste disturbances;
  • More side effects - long-term use and impaired renal function may increase the level of magnesium and aluminum in the blood, to develop a lack of phosphorus in the body, metabolic disturbances in brain tissue with signs of encephalopathy; elderly patients may accelerate the development of Alzheimer's disease and began worsening diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Maalox - a drug that helps to get rid of unpleasant sensations in the stomach.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Maalox

Treatment of dysbiosis - that helps to restore the normal microflora

May 12, 2014

 Treatment of dysbiosis
 It is known that the composition of the intestinal flora is very varied, while noting the existence of a balance between different types of bacteria. If you change the qualitative or quantitative composition of the flora, then, as a consequence, developing dysbiosis. Treatment of dysbiosis is aimed at restoring normal balance of microflora.


What determines the choice of treatment tactics

The appearance of symptoms associated with the presence of the disease that is the cause of dysbiosis. In this regard, the answer to the question of how to treat goiter, determined the main causative factor. The most common violation of intestinal microflora is the result of uncontrolled, long-term use of antimicrobials, as well as the presence of chronic diseases of the digestive tract.

Methods of treatment of dysbiosis are primarily aimed at addressing the causes of the disease, and for this the patient must undergo a comprehensive examination necessary, the amount of which determines specialist. Usually, treatment regimens is the responsibility of the doctor or therapist gastroenterologist. An important diagnostic method is a survey of microbiological examination of stool with coprogram or general analysis of feces How to pass a stool, so as not to spoil it  How to pass a stool, so as not to spoil it

Principles of treatment of dysbiosis are not only in prescription drugs to normalize the composition of intestinal microflora, as well as in the selection of appropriate antimicrobial therapy if the patient had an acute intestinal infection Acute intestinal infections - the most common disease in the autumn and summer  Acute intestinal infections - the most common disease in the autumn and summer
 . The choice of drug should be based on the result of microbiological studies of feces.


What determines the composition of the normal intestinal microflora

Normal inhabitant of the intestines of healthy humans are bifidobacteria and lactobacilli. To make up for their deficiency shall be appointed for the treatment of dysbiosis, which contain live lactic acid bacteria and yeast. This group of drugs combines probiotics containing a sufficient amount of beneficial microorganisms. The special formula allows you to keep their viability during the passage of the digestive tract, inhabiting the intestines of normal flora.

For food, the growth of beneficial bacteria which normally inhabit the colon, or the medium needs substrate. Therefore poorly digested food substrates are prebiotics. When entering the digestive tract, these substances are not degraded by digestive enzymes, which are produced in the small intestine, in the stomach. Max prebiotics contained in the following foods:

  • dairy
  • Cereals
  • garlic
  • bow
  • beans
  • peas
  • bananas

Treatment of dysbiosis in adults is not only in the regular medication, as well as normalization of the diet. This will support the flora in a normal state and to achieve positive results from the treatment at the optimum time. Reception of pro- and prebiotics to be combined as prebiotics positively influence on the survival of probiotic strains in the gut.


The main groups of modern probiotics

Regimen dysbacteriosis comprises administering probiotics, which can be divided into several groups according to what technology was used for their preparation. For the production of probiotics first group using the method of freeze-drying. In this method has a significant disadvantage - live active bacteria pass into the inactive state (or a state of suspended animation). To return to the active state, it takes about ten hours, and during this time most of the bacteria derived from the human digestive tract.

Medications for the treatment of dysbiosis may be represented by liquid probiotics. This group of drugs includes the microbial cells in an active state, so they are able to colonize the intestine immediately useful flora, once in the body. Active colonization of the digestive tract begins in two hours, as I have done a probiotic.

Included in the probiotic strains of bacteria determines how dysbiosis treatment will be effective. This depends on the following bacterial characteristics:

  • what speed the growth of the bacteria have, since this affects the speed of propagation in the gut
  • presence of antagonistic activity to the intestinal flora, which is pathogenic
  • the ability to quickly and efficiently change the acidity of the intestinal contents

Given that there are fundamental differences in the composition of probiotics, it is important to receive appropriate drugs was appointed specialist. So, how to treat goiter, a doctor must determine on the basis of the established causes of disease, he decides what kind of probiotic product would be the most effective.


Features of treatment dysbacteriosis in gynecological practice

The unique composition of microflora is not only in the intestine, but also in other parts of the human body. In women, the vagina has biocenosis microorganisms, which determines the state of the reproductive system. With the strong growth of pathogenic microbial flora is a violation of the basic components of balance ecological community that is the cause of dysbiosis.

Treatment dysbacteriosis women held in two stages. Implementation of the first stage is to eliminate the growth of harmful, pathogenic micro-organisms. After that, you must revert to the normal microflora, not forgetting that should be eliminated any precipitating factors that contribute to the development of dysbiosis. Treatment of dysbiosis in gynecology means carrying out complex treatment of inflammatory diseases of the reproductive system, correction of any hormonal disorders, restoration of the immune system and other recreational activities.

A positive aspect of therapeutic interventions is the fact that a woman can treat dysbiosis at home. No need for the simultaneous treatment of sexual partners, since this is not the infection, which is transmitted sexually. Dysbacteriosis only reflects the state of the vaginal flora, which can be considered as clinical manifestation of the influence of different precipitating factors.


How to prevent the development of dysbacteriosis in newborns

Quite often, the symptoms of distress in the intestine common in newborns. This is due not only to the health of the child, and is largely determined by the nature of the mother's supply. Treatment of dysbiosis in the newborn must begin with a correction of the power of the child taking into account his age, medication which contain beneficial bacteria for the gut.

An important preventive measure is breast feeding and early attachment of the child to her breast. Even at the stage of pregnancy, expectant mothers need to explain that one should not give up breastfeeding Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!  Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!
   and early transfer to the newborn infant formula. To identify the first signs of dysbiosis Symptoms dysbiosis - they should know  Symptoms dysbiosis - they should know
 , Mom should carefully observe the child. Data such as appetite, nature of the stool, and weight determine the functional state of the digestive system in general, and when they change, you can suspect the presence of ill-health status.

Check intestinal microflora useful in the newborn occurs only after he was born. Speaking of the intestinal flora of the unborn child, his gut is sterile. To form a complete gut flora is possible only by breastfeeding. A newborn may develop as a result of irrational antibiotic therapy dysbiosis, so the appointment of this group of drugs should take more responsibility. Treatment dysbiosis antibiotics require a longer recovery period microflora. Compensate vitamin deficiency of vitamins allow dysbacteriosis, so complex multivitamin preparations recommended to be included in the scheme of complex treatment based on the availability of rigorous evidence for this.

Marina Solovyov

Article Tags:
  • dysbiosis