Anthelmintic drugs to people: how to get rid of worms
November 24, 2014
Anthelmintic drugs to people today presented a variety of natural and synthetic means. All modern anthelmintics drugs are divided into groups according to their pre-emptive action on the different classes of worms - round, belt, flukes.
Anthelmintic drugs for the treatment of round worms
The most common round helminths are roundworm, pinworm and whipworm. For the treatment of helminthiasis today most commonly used drugs such as dekaris and pyrantel.
- Dekaris (levamisole) - used in ascariasis, trihotsefaleze (called whipworm), hookworm and other helminths. The drug paralyzes the muscles of worms, after which they are excreted in the feces. In addition, dekaris stimulates the immune system. Side effects decaris
Dekaris - with anthelmintic drug and immunostimulatory effects
It may be sleep disturbances, irritability
Irritability - you try to control my temper
, Depression, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, stomatitis, sometimes - severe disorders of the pancreas, gustatory and olfactory disorders, muscle-joint pain, changes in the blood, flu-like syndrome, allergic reactions. Dekaris contraindicated in children up to 3 years, in case of hypersensitivity to the drug during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Take it once at night in the dose prescribed by your doctor.
- Pyrantel is used to treat enterobiasis (called pinworms), ascariasis and trichuriasis. Pyrantel is the safest anthelmintic. It causes muscle paralysis helminths, after which they are removed from the faeces. Almost not absorbed into the bloodstream when taken orally, acting mainly only in the intestine. Side effects may appear as a violation of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, transient liver dysfunction, headaches, dizziness, insomnia, various allergic reactions. Pyrantel is contraindicated during pregnancy, the human liver and hypersensitivity to its components. Take pyrantel also once at a dose prescribed by the doctor.
Anthelmintic drugs for a person with a broad spectrum of action
- Vermoxum (mebendazole) - it is an anthelmintic of broad-spectrum, sensitivity to exhibit pinworm, roundworm, whipworm, hookworm, tapeworm, pork tapeworm, Trichinella. With Vermoxum be treated as mixed helminthiases. The drug causes irreversible changes in the metabolism of the worms, which leads to their death.
Vermoxum have a lot of side effects are: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
, Transient liver function abnormalities, dizziness, headache; decrease in the number of blood cells, urinary tract irritation, allergic reactions, alopecia. Contraindications Vermoxum intake during pregnancy, infant feeding
Breastfeeding - a personal choice
feeding, the age of two years, for violations of liver function and increased sensitivity to the drug. To get rid of pinworms quite a single dose of the drug. When ascariasis and trihotsefaleze take it within three days.
- Nemozol (Albendazole) anthelminthic broad spectrum. It is used in ascariasis, enterobioze, trihotsefaleze, ankilostomidoze, necatoriasis, strongyloidiasis, opistorhoze, toxocarosis, giardiasis. Particularly effective drug against various forms of larval helminths, as well as mixed helminthic infestations. Its mechanism of action is associated with selective suppression and changes in biochemical processes in the cells of worms that leads to their death.
When administered nemozol poorly absorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract unaltered not detected in the plasma as rapidly converted in the liver into a primary metabolite, also having anthelmintic activity. Excreted in the bile and through the intestine in a small amount in the form of metabolic products in the urine.
Side effects nemozola may manifest as transient liver dysfunction, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, depression of bone marrow hematopoiesis (reducing the cellular composition of the blood), renal dysfunction, allergic reactions, fever and blood pressure, baldness .
Contraindications reception at nemozola hypersensitivity to the drug, pregnancy, breast-feeding, a variety of diseases of the retina. Precautions nemozol take the human liver and inhibition of bone marrow hematopoiesis.
Anthelmintic drugs for people can only be used by a physician taking into account all the indications and contraindications.
Activated carbon - application: demand is often
November 4, 2011
Activated carbon is a drug that should be in every home medicine cabinet. In an emergency, it can be used without a prescription, as overdoses when using even larger doses of the drug does not happen. Danger only its long-term use.
The use of activated carbon in gastrointestinal disease
Activated carbon is used as in acute and chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In acute diseases - acute gastritis, intestinal infections, food poisoning and drug helps to remove the activated carbon from the gastrointestinal tract of the toxin. For the gastric lavage as a powder of activated carbon, which is dissolved in water. Following acute illness for complete cleansing of the gastrointestinal tract of the toxins it is necessary to take 2 - 4 tablets 3 times a day for several days, but no more than a week. Long-term use of activated charcoal is fraught with complications - removal from the body necessary for him biologically active substances - proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.
In chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract activated carbon
Activated carbon - old but indispensable
applicable short courses to remove harmful substances. For example, in chronic gastritis with increased secretion of gastric juice meek courses activated carbon contribute to the removal of the gastric juice, which helps to improve the state of the gastric mucosa and preventing the formation of ulcer process.
In chronic intestinal diseases, which are accompanied by a violation of the process of food digestion, activated carbon can remove toxic products of intestinal putrefaction - it always leads to rapid improvement of the patient, reduce bloating (flatulence) and intestinal colic.
But long-term use of activated charcoal may lead to aggravation of dysbiosis - the destruction of beneficial microflora and reproduction opportunistic. Therefore, chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract activated carbon can be taken only on prescription, since it is part of the comprehensive treatment of the disease.
The use of activated charcoal in severe liver and kidney diseases
The liver and kidneys purify our bodies of toxins and toxic metabolic products
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
. In the liver, all toxic substances are decomposed into metabolic products (metabolites), and they are displayed by the kidneys. Therefore, it is important that these bodies to work properly.
In severe acute or long flowing chronic diseases of these organs is disrupted and their function in the blood accumulate toxic substances that poison the body. In this condition the use of activated carbon in sufficient doses, short courses, and only a physician can significantly reduce the symptoms of intoxication.
The positive effect of activated charcoal in diseases of the kidneys and the liver is manifested in the fact that it restores cellular and humoral immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
Contributing thus reduce infectious-inflammatory processes in these organs.
The use of activated carbon for allergic diseases
It has long been observed that the activated carbon is perfectly helps with a variety of allergic diseases, such as atopic (congenital) dermatitis and asthma, as promptly displays the body of a variety of substances that can cause allergic reactions. This contributes to the fact that the immune system
The immune system - how it works?
restores its functions and the number of allergic reactions is reduced.
In allergic diseases of activated carbon as part of the comprehensive treatment and assigned a doctor in the form of short courses.
It helps to activated carbon and radiation exposure. He is well-binds and removes radionuclides from the body, preventing the development of the most numerous diseases associated with radiation.
The use of activated charcoal diagnostic tests
For X-ray examinations of the abdomen to see the correct picture of the disease often prevent gases accumulated in the intestine. As the ink stains, they cover shot a closing of defects. Therefore, in preparation for the radiography of the abdomen is required to be appointed by chelators capable of absorbing intestinal gases, such as activated carbon.
Activated carbon - is one of the most popular drugs, but used without a prescription it can only in case of emergency.