Baktisubtil - restore the intestinal microflora

April 1, 2010

 The human gut is populated by a huge number of useful microorganisms that have a number of useful properties. They do not allow pathogenic bacteria to multiply, helping to break down cellulose, which is composed of many products that contribute to the formation of vitamins of group B. But in some states developing dysbiosis - change the ratio between the number of beneficial and pathogenic bacteria. In this situation, be sure to take probiotics (eg baktisubtil) or prebiotics.


What are probiotics and prebiotics

Probiotics and prebiotics - a biologically active additive. Although both groups of drugs beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora, they act differently.

Probiotics (eubiotics) comprise the first generation of living bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, which live in the intestines of healthy people. These organisms do not have pathogenic properties and do not die during storage. Probiotics are found in many yogurts and dairy products. They are also available as special preparations. The most famous of them are bifidumbakterin Bifidumbacterin - restores normal intestinal microflora  Bifidumbacterin - restores normal intestinal microflora
 , Laktobakterin.

But these drugs have drawbacks. Some live bacteria are killed in the stomach and the rest of the microorganisms is not always possible to destroy the pathogenic intestinal flora.

Therefore, scientists have developed a new group of probiotics - spore antagonists (baktisubtil, sporobakterin). They include bacilli, yeast, clostridia - bacteria that do not represent normal intestinal microflora. The drugs do not contain live microorganisms and their spores (inactive forms that are resistant to the adverse effects of many environmental factors). Therefore, the bacteria as such in many reports in the lumen compared with live counterparts. They effectively kill disease-causing microbes, and spore-forming antagonists take effect within ten minutes after ingestion. Microorganisms of this group of probiotics live in the human gut about a month, and then removed from it.

Prebiotics are substances that are not digested in the upper gastrointestinal tract and reach unaltered into the colon. They are broken down by enzymes only normal microflora of the body and selectively stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria. Prebiotics are drugs such as latrofiltrum, Lactusan, prelaks inulin.


How does baktisubtil

Baktisubtil contains spores of bacteria Bacillus cereus. In such form, the microorganisms are not killed by the action of aggressive gastric juice and reach the colon. The lumen spores are converted into active vegetative forms that release enzymes - specific substances that cleave proteins, fats and carbohydrates into smaller pieces. The large intestine is formed acidic environment that prevents the process of decay in it. Synthesis of B vitamins is restored when receiving baktisubtil.

Baktisubtil regulates and maintains the normal intestinal microflora. The drug prevents the proliferation of pathogens and causes their death. It also stops diarrhea (diarrhea) of different origin.


Indications and Contraindications

Baktisubtil apply under the following conditions:

  • Infectious diarrhea, which can be caused by viruses or bacteria;
  • Diarrhea associated with prolonged use of antibiotics, and its prevention in the treatment of antimicrobial agents;
  • Diarrhea that occurs when changing the diet, food composition and its violations of digestion;
  • Diarrhea allergic origin;
  • Intestinal dysbiosis of any origin;
  • Enteritis (inflammation of the small intestine);
  • Enterocolitis (inflammation and small and large intestine);
  • Functional bowel diseases (irritable bowel syndrome accompanied by diarrhea);
  • Prevention and treatment of disorders of the intestines, which are caused by radiotherapy Radiotherapy in cancer treatment: irradiation aid  Radiotherapy in cancer treatment: irradiation aid
   or chemotherapy Chemotherapy - it always falls the hair?  Chemotherapy - it always falls the hair?
 . Such changes are often observed in the treatment of cancer in the above manner.

The drug should not be taken if:

  • Individual hypersensitivity to the components that are part of baktisubtil;
  • Immunodeficiency states (AIDS in particular);
  • Condition after organ transplantation.

If baktisubtil taken in recommended doses, and taking into account some of the rules, the side effects do not happen.


How to take

Dosage doctor chosen individually and depends on the severity of the disease. Body weight and age of the patient are not counted as when taking many other drugs.

If the disease begins acutely, it should take one capsule three to six times a day. With a very pronounced irregularities in the bowel can increase this dose up to ten capsules per day, but no more.

In chronic diseases baktisubtil taken less frequently. It takes only two or three capsules a day.

The drug is recommended to take one hour before a meal. In those cases where the patient can not swallow the capsule whole, it can be opened and the contents mixed with water, milk or juice. This does not affect the validity and effectiveness of the drug. The same method should be used if an infant appointed baktisubtil Baby man, though with a little finger  Baby man, though with a little finger
   or children up to three years.

The drug should not drink any hot beverages. Drinking alcohol during treatment baktisubtilom also prohibited. Antbakterialnye and sulfa drugs do not affect the operation of this tool, so perhaps their joint application.

Baktisubtil - modern probiotic that quickly normalize intestinal flora. But when the diarrhea on the background of his admission does not stop after two days, it is necessary to see a doctor.

Article Tags:
  • baktisubtil

Duphalac - effective laxative

February 7, 2010

  • Duphalac - effective laxative
  • What is lactulose

 Duphalac - it laxatives, stimulating peristalsis. Duphalac is available in the form of a clear syrup with a yellow or brown tint.

Active substance syrup Duphalac - lactulose, which is a laxative with an osmotic properties. Lactulose is composed of sugar molecules that are cleaved by intestinal microflora bowel low molecular weight organic acid, which lowers the pH and increasing the osmotic pressure and, as a consequence, increase the volume of the intestinal contents. This leads to increased intestinal motility and changes in stool consistency, making it softer and more watery. For the action of lactulose requires up to 48 hours.

In hepatic encephalopathy lactulose acts by decreasing the intestinal absorption of ammonia. Ammonia is usually cleaved in the liver, but the liver, such as cirrhosis, the blood can "bypass" the liver, resulting ammonia enters the brain and disrupts its function, causing confusion, drowsiness and finally coma. Lactulose acidify the contents of the colon and reduces the absorption of ammonia from the intestines, thereby preventing this complication of liver disease.

 Duphalac - effective laxative


  • constipation;
  • softening of the stool for medical purposes (eg, hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids - a shameful disease  Hemorrhoids - a shameful disease
 , Need for surgery on the colon and / or the anus);
  • hepatic encephalopathy (treatment and prevention of hepatic coma and precoma);
  • intestinal dysbiosis;
  • enteritis caused by Salmonella, Shigella,

 Duphalac - effective laxative


  • bowel obstruction;
  • hereditary intolerance to lactose, galactose, or fructose;
  • hypersensitivity to the drug.

Precautions should be prescribed to patients with diabetes Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease  Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
 . Please tell your doctor if in the past you there was an adverse reaction to the drug. When a non-standard or unfavorable reaction should stop taking the drug and seek medical advice.

 Duphalac - effective laxative

Use during pregnancy and lactation

Some medications should not be taken during pregnancy or breast-feeding Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!  Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!
 . However, other medicinal products are completely safe for pregnant women and nursing mothers, provided that their benefit to the mother outweighs the risk to the child. Be sure to tell your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, before taking Duphalac.

Duphalac is safe for use during pregnancy and lactation.

 Duphalac - effective laxative

Missed dose

Take the missed dose of Duphalac as soon as you remember about it. If the close time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and comply with the treatment schedule. Do not take extra dose to compensate missed.

 Duphalac - effective laxative

Excess doses

With an overdose of Duphalac as soon as possible to see a doctor. Recommended dose reduction or discontinuation.

Symptoms of excess doses include diarrhea, stomach pain, dryness, and flushing of the skin, confusion, palpitations, thirst, frequent urination, discomfort in the legs, muscle weakness and impotence.

 Duphalac - effective laxative

Side effect

Side effects of Duphalac individual; the following side effects have been observed in rare cases.

  • in the early days is possible flatulence (passing through 2 days);
  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • stomach ache Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms  Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
   and diarrhea (when using the drug at high doses);
  • electrolyte imbalance (when used in high doses for the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy).

 Duphalac - effective laxative


Do not take antacids without your doctor's instructions. Lactulose reduces the acidity of the intestines and therefore modifies the release of these drugs.

With long-term use (more than 6 months) in high doses should regularly monitor the level of electrolytes in the blood plasma.

Application Duphalac not affect the speed of psychomotor reactions and the ability to drive a car or operate machinery and complex mechanisms.