Increased salivation may be associated with digestive diseases, including oral cavity, various infectious and inflammatory and neurological processes, as well as tumors of the salivary glands. The main manifestation of this condition is to increase the secretion of saliva.
Salivation is provided with three pairs of major salivary glands (parotid, submandibular and sublingual), as well as the small glands located in the mouth (labial, buccal, gingival, lingual and palatine). Saliva plays an important role in the processing and food intake and maintain a constant environment within the body.
Normally, a person stands up to 2 liters of saliva per day. In some diseases and conditions can increase the amount of saliva (hypersalivation).
Hypersalivation may cause any disease of the digestive system, infectious and inflammatory processes in the mouth and throat, Parkinson's disease, epidemic encephalitis, stroke, neuralgia
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trigeminal pregnancy toxaemia and some other diseases and conditions.
Reasons hypersalivation adults are usually associated with digestive diseases and neurological disorders, and the reasons for the increased salivation in children - acute respiratory viral infections and chronic diseases of upper respiratory tract (tonsillitis, adenoiditis, sinusitis
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, Otitis media). Increased salivation in children under one year is often the norm.
Increased salivation after eating
This symptom accompanies many chronic diseases of the digestive system, such as gastritis, gastroduodenitis, stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer, pancreatitis, liver disease and biliary tract. The salivary glands react to digestive disorders increased salivation not to (as it should be OK), and after the meal.
Very often, this symptom occurs in diseases accompanied by high acidity of gastric juice - increased salivation dilutes the acidic environment of the stomach and makes it more neutral. Increased salivation is also observed in tumors of the pancreas
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. Treatment hypersalivation in this case is to treat the underlying disease.
Increased salivation in diseases of the salivary glands
Salivation increases in inflammatory diseases and tumors of the salivary glands. The amplification salivation may be such that the patient is unable to swallow saliva.
- In acute inflammation of the salivary gland swelling and tenderness appears in the corresponding area, fever, excessive salivation, sometimes - pus from the mouth of the duct.
- When benign and malignant tumors of the salivary glands increased salivation is one of the early signs.
Increased salivation in diseases of the mouth and throat
Increased salivation always accompanies infectious and inflammatory diseases of the mouth and throat - stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, tonsillitis, acute respiratory viral infections. It is a defensive reaction of the body, allowing time to remove from the mouth of infectious agents and their toxins and decomposition products of tissue. Increased salivation in this case develops in response to mechanical stimulation of the nerve endings of the oral cavity.
Increased salivation in infants
The salivary glands begin to function in a child in the third month of life. This is manifested in the form of constant drooling, but salivation (ptyalism) in infants is not always a sign of increased salivation - a child has not learned to swallow saliva.
Increased salivation in infants - a protective reaction of the body, helps the child to be removed from the mouth got there the outside infection. In addition, excessive salivation help alleviate gum irritation associated with teething
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Sometimes, excessive salivation in infants may be one of the signs of perinatal brain lesions, but most of all as a normal variant.
Increased salivation during pregnancy
During pregnancy, increased salivation may be associated with early toxicosis, developing due to neuroendocrine disorders in pregnant women. Early morning sickness is manifested in the form of nausea, vomiting and salivation. The danger it presents only in the case where a woman with vomitus and saliva losing large amounts of fluid.
Treatment hypersalivation, vomiting, and in this case - a fluid replacement. If a woman can not hold liquid due to vomiting, fluid is injected intravenously.
Increased salivation may be as a sign of a disease, and a protective reaction of the organism.