Polycystic liver: risk of complications

February 24, 2011

  • Polycystic liver: risk of complications
  • The reasons for

 polycystic liver
 When polycystic liver in hepatic tissue can be 20 or more cysts, because of which its texture varies considerably. As soon as cysts continue to grow, the liver increases and begins to push on adjacent organs. In women, polycystic liver occurs eight times more often than men.

In 92% of patients with polycystic liver is a violation causes minimal problems; However, 8% of patients develop severe forms of the disease. As a rule, the most serious problem is the size of the liver in polycystic. Polycystic rarely affects the function of the liver, but sometimes because of reduced estrogen metabolism disorders. In very rare cases, liver function is disturbed in polycystic.

 Polycystic liver: risk of complications

The symptoms of polycystic liver

The abdomen of the patient with polycystic liver may be similar to the belly of a pregnant woman, or "beer belly." The area above the liver becomes hard to the touch. Typical symptoms of polycystic liver: feeling full after eating small amounts of food, nausea, indigestion, heartburn, abdominal pain, bloating Bloating - if you are bursting inside  Bloating - if you are bursting inside
 . In the later stages of the disease symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, malnutrition, decrease in muscle mass, swelling of the legs, orange-yellow color of the skin, especially around the eyes, inflammation of the bile ducts, cholangitis. Often these symptoms are mistaken for symptoms of other diseases, such as gall bladder Gall bladder: structure and function  Gall bladder: structure and function
 . When polycystic liver requires careful diagnosis and timely treatment.

 Polycystic liver: risk of complications

Treatment of polycystic liver

The aim of drug treatment in polycystic liver is mainly slower growth of cysts. To do this, appointed by receiving proton pump inhibitors, it is recommended to limit the consumption of dairy products and caffeine, and reduce estrogen levels Estrogen - the key to bone health  Estrogen - the key to bone health
   in the body. Dietary changes are often, but not always, are an important part of successful treatment. Although this method of treatment has not yet passed all necessary clinical tests, there are already data that somatostatin injection every 28 days to reduce cystic liver 3-39%. While such use of somatostatin is not approved as a treatment of polycystic liver. It should also be borne in mind that exacerbate the symptoms of polycystic liver may contribute to the chemical substances used in dry cleaners, bleaches, ammonia, growth hormones, yeast, alcohol, concentrated sugar xenoestrogens.

Sometimes, for the treatment of polycystic liver require surgery; usually used methods such as liver resection or liver transplantation. Simple aspiration of cysts in polycystic liver is completely ineffective.

 Polycystic liver: risk of complications

Diet for polycystic liver

From diet for polycystic liver should, first of all, to eliminate foods that promote the growth of cysts; These products include coffee, tea, chocolate, soy, flaxseed and its products, fish oil Fish oil - so whether it is useful to think?  Fish oil - so whether it is useful to think?
 , Yeast alcohol. Furthermore, it is important to restrict sodium intake to 1200 mg per day.

The diet can be virtually no restrictions include alkaline foods - is, above all, fruits and vegetables. Generally, the sweeter they taste (raw), the more alkali, they produce. Animal fats, alcohol, concentrated sugar contribute to the production of stomach acid. When polycystic liver is recommended to limit consumption of animal fats to 100-150 g per day. Eating certain foods of animal origin stimulates the production of certain liver enzymes that cleave to the liver toxins, producing even more toxic chemicals. These secondary substances are particularly harmful in polycystic liver.

Water is an effective and safe remedy for liver detoxification. It dissolves the by-products of metabolism.

Complications of acute pancreatitis: what to fear?

March 1, 2013

 complications of acute pancreatitis
 One of the most common and serious complications of acute pancreatitis is infected pancreatic necrosis. This complication occurs in approximately one third of patients with severe acute pancreatitis.

 Complications of acute pancreatitis: what to fear?

Infected pancreatic necrosis

When infected pancreatic inflammation leads to disruption of blood flow and the tissue of the pancreas. Without a constant flow of blood cancer tissues begin to die - a process called necrosis.

Necrotic tissue is very susceptible to infections caused by bacteria. If the infection starts, it can rapidly spread to the blood (blood poisoning) and disrupt the work of many agencies. If untreated, infected pancreatic necrosis in most cases, result in death of the patient. This is usually a complication develops within 2-6 weeks after the onset of symptoms of acute pancreatitis, and noted increasing abdominal pain and fever. For the treatment of infections injections of antibiotics. It is also necessary to remove dead tissue, otherwise the infection will happen again.

In some cases it is possible to bring dead tissue with a catheter, in others it uses laparoscopic surgery. During such an operation in the skin on the back and make a small incision in a thin flexible tube is introduced, via which the removed fragments of dead tissue.

Laparoscopy Laparoscopy - why is it necessary?  Laparoscopy - why is it necessary?
   It is not always possible. For example, if human obesity, reach the pancreas via the laparoscope may be impossible. In this case, for the removal of necrotic tissue is necessary to make an incision in the abdomen.

The infected pancreatic necrosis - a very serious complication of acute pancreatitis, and even if the care is provided at the highest level, on average, one in five patients die from failure of various organs.

 Complications of acute pancreatitis: what to fear?

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome

Another common complication of acute pancreatitis - systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). SIRS occurs in approximately one out of ten patients with acute pancreatitis.

When SIRS inflammation, which began in the pancreas spreads to the entire body, which leads to malfunction of one or more organs. SIRS usually develops within the first week after the onset of symptoms of acute pancreatitis, in most cases it occurs on the same day that the symptoms appeared.

The symptoms of SIRS may be:

  • The rise in body temperature above 38 ° C or fall below 36C;
  • Heart rate greater than 90 beats per minute;
  • Unusually often breath - more than 20 breaths per minute.

Currently, there are no methods of treatment of SIRS, so therapy is to maintain the body functions as inflammatory processes not cease. The prognosis depends on how many agencies will no longer work. The more the authorities deny the result of SIRS, the higher the probability of death of the patient.

 Complications of acute pancreatitis: what to fear?


Pseudocyst - also one of the common complications of acute pancreatitis. They are "baggies" with the liquid inside, which are formed on the surface of the pancreas Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know  Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know
 . Mean pseudocyst formed in one of the twenty patients with acute pancreatitis (both types).

Pseudocysts usually appear within four weeks after the onset of symptoms of acute pancreatitis. In many cases, they do not cause symptoms, and they are found only in computer tomography. However, some people pseudocyst can cause the following symptoms:

  • Bloating;
  • Stomach upset;
  • Dull pain in the abdomen.

If pseudocysts and do not cause any symptoms, the patient does not require additional treatment, usually because they are in themselves. Treatment may be recommended, if there are symptoms or if larger than 6 cm pseudocyst. Large pseudocyst can rupture, sometimes causing internal bleeding or infection.

If necessary, pseudocyst treated by draining liquid from their cavity. This can be done by introducing a long needle through the skin into pseudocyst, or with an endoscope. In the latter case, the endoscope is introduced through a patient's throat.

 Complications of acute pancreatitis: what to fear?

Prevention of acute pancreatitis

The main risk factors for the development of acute pancreatitis are alcohol abuse and gallstones. With lifestyle changes can reduce the impact of these factors.

  • Alcohol

Limiting alcohol consumption may help prevent damage to the pancreas and reduce the likelihood of acute pancreatitis. In addition, it reduces the risk of developing other serious diseases, including cancer, liver Liver cancer: prognosis is poor, but there is hope  Liver cancer: prognosis is poor, but there is hope

Men are not recommended to use more than three or four units of alcohol a day and women - more than two or three units. A unit of alcohol is considered to be about 0.5 liters of lager, a small glass of wine or 25 ml of vodka.

  • Gallstones

The most effective way to prevent the formation of gallstones - a healthy diet that contains little fat and a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables (at least five servings a day). Your diet should also include grains - such as whole wheat bread, oatmeal and brown rice. Such a diet helps to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the bile.

Excess weight also helps to increase the level of cholesterol in the bile, and increases the probability of the formation of gallstones. To avoid this, maintain a healthy weight with the help of a balanced diet and regular exercise. Most people need at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week. Examples of such loads are brisk walking, cycling and water aerobics Water aerobics: Lose Weight with pleasure  Water aerobics: Lose Weight with pleasure
 . If you really have not engaged in sports, consult your doctor before starting training.

Article Tags:
  • pancreatitis