- A biopsy of the cervix - do not assume the worst
- How is the procedure
- After the biopsy
- When pregnancy
Cervical Biopsy - a procedure in which a sample is extracted cervical tissue for further testing for the presence of various abnormalities, precancerous lesions or cervical cancer. Cervix - the lower it is, the narrow part of the uterus located between the bladder and the rectum. It is a kind of a canal connecting the uterus and vagina.
Types of cervical biopsies
There are several types of cervical biopsies. During certain procedures experts not only take a tissue sample for analysis, but entirely removed portions of tissue to which the abnormalities were detected.
Biopsy - a surgical procedure that is performed for taking a small piece of cervical tissue. A sample taken from one or several areas of the cervix.
Cervical conization - a procedure in which by means of a laser scalpel and cervical conical piece of tissue is removed for analysis.
Endocervical curettage - a kind of biopsy, in which using a curette to scrape the endocervical mucus.
The amount of tissue removed for subsequent examination under a microscope depends on the type of cervical biopsies.
- Simple cervical biopsy (needle biopsy) involves removing a small section of tissue from the surface of the cervix.
- Endocervical biopsy (endocervical curettage) involves sampling of tissue samples from the cervix through scraping with a sharp instrument.
- Buttonhole electrosurgical excision of tissue biopsy involves using a special device - a thin wire loop, through which passed a weak electric current.
- The wedge biopsy (conization) - the most extensive form of a biopsy of the cervix, involves the removal of a wedge-shaped section of tissue from the cervix.
Just before a biopsy of the cervix in most cases colposcopy
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- Examination of the vulva, vagina and cervix with a special magnifying device - a colposcope. If you notice any abnormality during colposcopy performed a biopsy of the cervix and subsequent research 'tion of samples of tissue from the cervix under a microscope. A biopsy of the cervix is performed for a thorough study of anomalous formations and exclusion or confirmation of the presence of malignant (cancerous) cells in the tissues of the cervix.
When and why should I do?
A biopsy of the cervix is usually carried out after the discovery of any deviations in standard gynecological examination
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or after the analysis of the Pap smear. Positive analysis of human papillomavirus and some diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, can also be the reason for the biopsy of the cervix. Some species of papillomaviruses can cause cervical cancer and other less common types of genital cancers.
Like any other surgical procedure, a biopsy of the cervix associated with the risk of some complications, the most common of which are bleeding and infection. In addition, a biopsy of the cervix may increase the likelihood of infertility or miscarriage in subsequent pregnancies, since after the procedure, the cervix may be left scars and other damage.
To avoid further complications, patients who are allergic to any medications, iodine, or latex, is necessary before the procedure, inform your doctor. Also, be sure to tell your doctor if you are pregnant or suspect that you may be pregnant.
Some types of biopsies can be performed during pregnancy, while others can be dangerous for the fetus.
If possible, a biopsy should be performed a week after menstruation. Menstruation, acute pelvic inflammatory disease and acute inflammation of the cervix significantly increase the risk of complications of biopsy.
Preparing for a biopsy
As a rule, special preparation for the biopsy procedure is not required. If a biopsy will be performed under general anesthesia (this is done only in exceptional cases), patients are asked to not eat, drink or smoke for several hours before the procedure.
Within 24 hours after the biopsy can not use vaginal creams and medicines, bidets, tampons
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As well as sex.
Immediately after the procedure, the doctor may suggest mild pain reliever to take. Due to the local anesthetic sedation after the biopsy is not recommended to get behind the wheel.
The duration of the recovery period, dependent on the type of anesthetic used and biopsy. Immediately after the biopsy of the cervix in women is easy bleeding, cramping abdominal pain
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. Within a few days after the treatment of vaginal discharge may be darker than usual. These are normal consequences of a biopsy, which should take place in a few days.
After the biopsy, you can eat and play sports as you used to, unless the doctor has not given you other instructions. If within a few days after the biopsy you have symptoms such as heavy bleeding, vaginal discharge with a strong unpleasant smell, fever and / or chills and severe pain in the lower abdomen, it is necessary to contact a doctor.
A biopsy of the cervix - a common and fairly simple procedure, accompanied by a minimal sense of discomfort. The risk of microtrauma and other complications after biopsy of the cervix is minimal - some types of biopsies are allowed, even for pregnant women, as the risk of disruption of pregnancy caused by a biopsy of the cervix is minimal.