Dysbacteriosis vagina in recent years become increasingly common. This is due to the uncontrolled use of antibiotics and local antiseptics, as well as long-term use of hormone (including endometrial) contraceptives. The overall decline in immunity and frequent change of sexual partners can also be a cause of vaginal dysbiosis.
Dysbiosis vagina - causes
Experts call dysbiosis vaginal bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis - sex is not recommended
- A condition associated with a decrease in the amount or even the complete disappearance of the normal (beneficial) intestinal microflora. And as the empty space in this case is not the case, the vaginal walls are filled with pathogenic microflora, ready at any moment to cause inflammation. Why is this happening?
The normal vaginal flora useful
The microflora of the vagina: purity
formed under the influence of female sex hormones. The main representatives of the normal microflora are lactobacilli, lactic acid and creates an unfavorable environment for the multiplication of pathogenic microflora (she just prefers slightly alkaline environment).
Key cells that detect the presence of bacterial vaginosis are gardnerelly. Furthermore, to confirm the diagnosis are important criteria such as high vaginal pH (pH greater than 4, 5 - flag alkaline) long and not amenable to conventional treatment within.
The main reasons for the spread of today dysbiosis vagina are hormonal and immunological disorders, and uncontrolled use of antibiotics and antiseptics. Hormonal disorders are often associated with the widespread use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs), which many women use long without analysis. Instructions as to all drugs of this series require a mandatory preliminary survey and the use of strictly prescribed by a doctor.
Another common cause of dysbiosis vagina is a frequent uncontrolled use of antibiotics by women of local and general (systemic) action, including for the treatment and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Since antibiotics are applied blindly, they often lead to the destruction of not pathogenic and pathogenic microflora (some of its representatives may be resistance to it), and normal, which causes goiter. In addition, systemic antibiotic actions lead to the development of intestinal dysbiosis and reduced immunity against this background, since the latter is formed in the intestine. Most pathogenic microflora in the vagina gets from the intestine.
What matters is the frequent use of antiseptic solutions as part of douching
Douching - a controversial procedure
and means for local contraception. The availability of these drugs played a role in the widespread dysbiosis vagina.
The reason for decrease in immunity can also be a bad environment, industrial hazard, chronic viral infections, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, used in the treatment of cancer and so on.
Symptoms of vaginal dysbiosis
Very often women are not even aware of the presence of her vaginal dysbiosis because it is asymptomatic. But just as often it can be confusing for the unpleasant symptoms such as vaginal discharge with odor
Discharge with a smell - a woman should not smell like fish
rotting fish, itching and rarely - transient voiding.
Sometimes women are trying to cope with these problems, using all the same antiseptics and antibiotics topical or systemic action. But this does not lead to the disappearance of unpleasant smell, only exacerbates the problem: goiter persists, increases the risk of complications in the form of infections, as reduced general and local immune system and develop resistance to antibiotics.
Dysbiosis vagina - how to treat?
Any expert can say that the vagina to treat goiter is very difficult, much more difficult than any sexual infections. For treatment to be effective, you need to restore the normal hormonal and immune system, and also the acidic environment of the vagina.
Restoration of normal microflora begins to suppress pathogenic microflora. This is usually used antibacterial or antifungal agents of local action in the form of vaginal tablets and suppositories.
The next stage of treatment - candles from dysbiosis vagina, which include lactobacilli, such as atsilakt. Simultaneously prescribers for oral administration, also contain lactobacillus (eg laktobakterin).
In order to defeat vaginal bacteria overgrowth, the treatment should be carried out strictly under the supervision of a physician.