Endometriosis can affect not only the woman's genitals, but also all the organs and tissues in the body. This type is called extragenital endometriosis. It is found much less frequently than genital endometriosis, in 6-8% of all cases of the disease.
Why develop extragenital endometriosis
This disease often develops in organs adjacent to sex. Land endometriosis can occur therein by germination endometriosis and endometrial cells in contact via the blood and lymph vessels. Thus the intestine may be affected - mostly straight, sigmoid, cecum and appendix. Less common sites of endometriosis found in the small intestine. By sprouting frequently affected wall of the bladder and ureters.
Since endometrial cells bloodstream can reach any distant organ - lungs, pleura, diaphragm, kidneys and so on.
Of great importance in extragenital endometriosis have immune disorders, as the normal immune system destroys foreign cells trapped in other organs and tissues.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis bowel
Symptoms of bowel endometriosis depend on the location and depth of the lesion of the intestinal wall. Most often, patients have grueling abdominal pain, accompanied by nausea and vomiting and associated with the beginning of menstruation. If the areas of endometriosis fully germinate the intestinal wall in the stool may appear mucus and blood.
With the spread of abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
may take a permanent nature, but during menstruation, they are amplified. When this occurs in the intestinal wall growth of connective tissue, which leads to narrowing of the lumen of the intestine (bowel stenosis). Stenosis of the intestine can always be complicated by complete or partial obstruction of the bowel, accompanied by severe pain. This is the main danger of this type of endometriosis, which often requires surgical treatment.
There are also perforated (tampering) intestinal wall with peritonitis.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis lung, pleura and diaphragm
With the defeat of these bodies are found in the lungs areas endometrial tissue, which exhibit the ability to infiltrative growth, that is, to grow deep into the tissue. The tissues surrounding these foci detected edema, hemorrhage and proliferation of connective tissue with a gradual loss of respiratory function.
Endometriosis is a sign of pulmonary hemoptysis, which occurs cyclically during menstruation can occur as increasing shortness of breath. In endometriosis of the pleura and diaphragm developed pneumothorax
Pneumothorax - when help is needed immediately
(accumulation of air in the pleural cavity) or hemothorax (accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity). This complication requires emergency medical care.
How does endometriosis, kidney and urinary tract
Most often affected the bladder - endometriosis can grow into its wall of the vagina. An indication of this type of disease is the frequent painful urination. If endometriosis grows to the inner shell, the blood appears in the urine.
If the process is applied to the ureters, the lumen can taper them, and the area in front of such a clearance and renal pelvis are expanding due to stagnation in their urine. This leads to compression of kidney tissue and a gradual increase in the lumen of the pelvis. Kidney tissue atrophy (decrease in volume), and loses its function - a condition called hydronephrosis.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis scars and navel
These lesions occur as cyclic changes associated with the menstrual cycle. During the operation of the scars and the navel appear spotting
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
Accompanied by pain. After menstruation, all these phenomena are usually held.
Diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of extragenital endometriosis
If the disease progresses too, during menopause while reducing the functional activity of ovarian endometriosis in most cases regress. However, in some patients, and during this period may cause an exacerbation - it is due to an increase in individual women during menopause the secretion of female hormones estrogen.
Due to the possibility of extragenital endometriosis, a woman who had revealed the disease fully examined in order to identify all of the lesions. Treatment is chosen individually to each woman.
Patients with endometriosis
Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences
You should be aware of the possible development of extragenital lesions and suspected internal organ immediately contact a doctor.