There are plants that have not only the drug, but also the toxic properties. Therefore, they should be treated with great caution. However, in the capable hands of these plants tend to have a great curative effect on the human body.
Arnica mountain and its botanical characteristics
Arnica montana is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family with a thick horizontal rhizome and numerous adventitious roots. Stem simple single height from 20 cm to 60 cm, covered with hairs, with 1-3 pairs of leaves, distant from each other and decreasing upward. Lower leaves collected in the rosette. They are quite thick, yellow-green, elliptic or oblong, with rounded tip, bare or slightly pubescent, with a well defined main vein and lateral veins arcuate.
The flowers are collected into large baskets, one to five baskets on the stem. In the flowering period (from June to August), the diameter reaches 8 cm. The pointed tepals with attenuate apex, thickly covered with curly hairs. Receptacle as fibrous, reed flowers of golden yellow, much longer than the tepals.
The fruits - achenes up to 6 cm, narrowed at both ends, rough-hairy.
Arnica grows in light of coniferous forests, grassy meadows and forest edges, mountain meadows, and humus sandy soil, but not in the limestone. It is found in the lowlands to the highlands.
Procurement of raw materials from the mountain arnica
Medicinal raw materials are baskets mountain arnica, and sometimes - and the grass root. Harvesting in natural lands is prohibited, as the plant is a rare species and to be protected. Cultivation of medicinal arnica with great difficulty, so its medicinal raw materials are imported from abroad.
The dried flower baskets Arnica montana have a pleasant aroma and a spicy, bitter, a bit burning taste.
The chemical composition of mountain arnica and its impact on the human body
The dried raw material contains an essential oil
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(most of it is contained in the root), flavonoids, colorants lutein arnidol and faradiol, tannins, organic acids (acetic, valeric, malic, lactic), bitter substances, gum, vitamin C, sugar, inulin and some other substances.
Action Arnica montana when taking drugs inside - antispasmodic (dilates blood vessels, including vessels that feed the heart muscle) and muscles of internal organs) and exciting, outside - hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, astringent skin and mucous membranes. Therapeutic effects has mostly faradiol, which has a local irritant effect on human tissue and promotes the resorption of hemorrhages. Arnica montana also has a stimulating effect on the cardiovascular system: under its influence accelerated heart rate.
At the same time, mountain arnica on the one hand has a tonic effect on the spinal cord, and on the other - inhibits the activity of the cerebral cortex. Therefore, drugs that obtained on its basis, in small doses, have a stimulating effect on the central nervous system, and large - soothing and overwhelming convulsions.
Arnica montana has also choleretic, anti-inflammatory effect and strengthens the contraction of the uterus. Apply this plant and how anti-sclerotic means: it lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood.
Use of Arnica montana for the treatment of various diseases
Arnica is used in the form of infusions, decoctions and ointments from flowers and roots in some cardiovascular diseases (hypertension, ischemic heart disease
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and others), stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers, rheumatism
Rheumatic fever - are possible complications of heart
Inside the tincture of Arnica montana are used in a variety of bleeding in obstetric and gynecologic practice. And after the birth for a better uterine contractions
As an external remedy arnica is applied in the form of lotions and wet bandages for cuts, bruises, burns, exudates, pustular skin diseases, trophic ulcers, minor burns and frostbite, it helps to quickly stop the bleeding.
In addition, arnica is used for nervous disorders, various inflammations and reduces pain at the site of the lesion.
Arnica is considered a poisonous plant and use it in high doses can be fatal, and external - to the acute skin diseases. Not allowed the use of Arnica montana pregnant women - it can cause abortion.
Medicinal products based on mountain arnica
The pharmacy you can buy tincture of Arnica montana, it is administered orally to 30 drops per tablespoon of milk as a styptic.
Independently, you can prepare an infusion of dried arnica flowers bought at the pharmacy: a tablespoon of raw pour in enamelware cup of boiling water, close lid and keep in a water bath
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15 minutes, then cooled in a water bath for 45 minutes, filtered, made up to the original level and take tablespoon three times daily.