The nature around us is rich in medicinal raw materials. In the woods, meadows and fields, there are a wide variety of grasses, shrubs and trees that contain valuable to human health. Modest and discreet grass shepherd's purse - one of the most well-known medicinal plants.
The botanical characteristics of shepherd's purse
Shepherd's purse - an annual herbaceous plant of the cabbage family. Stem branched, up to 30 cm. Leaves mainly basal, oblong, toothed, at the root collected in the outlet. On the stem leaves are arrow-shaped, sessile. The flowers are very small, have four white petals, are located on the top of the stem. Fruits - a small triangular-shaped pods.
It grows like a weed in the territory of our country in the gardens, fields, meadows, wastelands, along roads and near homes. One plant in the summer can give more than sixty thousand seeds that germinate quickly and give over the summer four generations of new plants. So close you can meet young and old plants.
The chemical composition of shepherd's purse and collection of medicinal raw materials
The leaves of shepherd's purse contains choline, acetylcholine, tyramine, izotin, tannins, organic acids (drilling, fumaric, malic, citric, tartaric), vitamins B2, K, ascorbic acid, carotene, volatile, essential oil
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, Minerals (iron, chromium, manganese, copper, titanium, aluminum, phosphorus and calcium).
As a medicinal plant used aboveground part of the plant. Gather the herb during flowering, pulling together with the root, and then the roots are cut. Raw unpretentious, so it is dried in any way possible, and then stored in a suspended fabric pouches.
Medicinal properties of the shepherd's purse, and its application in medicine
Shepherd's purse has hemostatic, antimicrobial, lowering blood pressure, anti-inflammatory, choleretic and astringent properties.
Hemostatic properties shepherd's purse depend on the content of a large number of vitamin C. Therefore, infusions and decoctions of shepherd's purse is prescribed for various types of bleeding: the inter-menstrual bleeding, prolonged painful menstruation, with hemoptysis of pulmonary tuberculosis in the background (using shepherd's purse, they shot better than other drugs), and so on.
Shepherd's purse is prescribed for the initial stages of hypertension with sedatives - this contributes to a significant reduction in blood pressure
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. Courses of treatment at 1, 5-2 months can be carried out twice a year. In chronic cardiovascular disease, which is accompanied by swelling, shepherd's purse can help reduce them. But there are contraindications: shepherd's purse can not be used for a long time and often, as with any cardiovascular disease is common tendency to form clots in the blood vessels - shepherd's purse may enhance thrombosis due to the presence in it of vitamin K.
In the spring of shepherd's purse is used in salads as a vitamin agent that has also protivoskleroticheskoe action - blood vessels cleared of atherosclerotic plaques.
As cholagogue shepherd's purse used in the stagnation of bile in the gallbladder and biliary tract - it extends the bile duct and enhances their motor activity. Together, stagnant bile body can get rid of small stones and sand, which were in the biliary tract.
In diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract shepherd's purse is also nice, because it has both antimicrobial and diuretic properties. Urinary tract are washed (especially if the patient drinks a lot of fluids), of which leave the sand, stones, pathogens and products of their metabolism.
Binding properties of shepherd's purse allowed to use it in the various kinds of diarrhea, both alone and in combination with other drugs.
Preparations of shepherd's purse increase motor activity of smooth muscles of internal organs, including muscles of the uterus, so they should not be prescribed during pregnancy. You should not drink it long courses and in old age, when blood vessels are often formed clots.
Drugs of shepherd's purse
The pharmacy you can buy a liquid extract of shepherd's purse to 70% alcohol, which is used in bleeding, such as systemic uterine bleeding
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In the home of the shepherd's purse, you can prepare the infusion: two tablespoons of raw boiled water, placed in a water bath
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for 15 minutes, cool 45 minutes, filtered, made up to the initial level of boiled water and take a tablespoon 4-5 times a day after meals.