Chamomile - a tantrum and treats sore throat
January 7, 2010
Healing properties of chamomile has long been known, the ancient Greeks used it to relieve the heat and noble Roman - for the treatment of gynecological diseases, cleaning and whitening skin, giving a special color and shine. In Russia, chamomile extract used in the treatment of pustular skin diseases, septic wounds and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
There are many types of chamomile, but with the purpose of treatment used chamomile - an annual herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family. Preparations made from chamomile, have disinfectant and anti-inflammatory properties have moderate antispasmodic (relieves spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs, mainly the gastrointestinal tract) and a laxative effect.
Stem pharmacy chamomile naked, branching, leaves dvoyakoperistorassechennye into linear segments. Flower baskets about 1, 5 cm in diameter, composed of white edge reed and yellow tubular flowers Interior. Receptacle conical, naked, inside hollow. The smell of the flowers a strong, fragrant, taste bitter, spicy. Blossoms in May - July. The fruits (achenes) ripen in June - August.
Pharmacy daisy is most common in the steppe zone of Ukraine and Crimea, the North Caucasus. As medicinal plants flower baskets are used, which are collected with both wild and cultivated plants with early flowering, when the reed flowers take a horizontal position.
Composition and therapeutic effect of chamomile pharmacy
Flower baskets contain essential oil characteristic blue color, the main active principle of which is chamazulene, he also gives a blue oil. In addition to essential oil
Essential oils and conception: can help the roses?
daisy contains organic acids, flavanoids, coumarins, mucous, vitamins (ascorbic acid, and carotene), bitterness and some other substances.
The therapeutic effect of chamomile pharmacy due to complex substances contained therein. The essential oil has a calming, disinfectant and protivovostpalitelnymi properties, flavonoids and coumarins have antispasmodic effect, stop the bleeding, reduces the permeability and capillary fragility, bitterness increase the secretory activity of the gastrointestinal tract and mucous substances give laxative effect. The organic acids contained in chamomile, activates metabolic processes. In addition, the pharmacy chamomile has anti-allergic properties.
Indications and contraindications for the use of chamomile pharmacy
Pharmacy daisy is used in the form of infusions, which appointed interior, enemas (with diarrhea, flatulence and intestinal cramps), or externally for lotions, baths and rinses as an antiseptic and astringent.
Inside chemist daisy assigned as a sedative for nervous system diseases (epilepsy, nervousness, hysteria, including, and so on), as well as painful periods as diaphoretic at high temperature. In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it relieves cramps and flatulence. In diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract chamomile is used as part of various charges.
Externally the infusion of chamomile is used to treat septic wounds, pustular rash, bathing children with diathesis
Diathesis in children - an integrated approach
, Eczema and boils. Chamomile rinse the throat with tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis, stomatitis and diseases of the teeth. At various pelvic inflammatory disease infusions of chamomile are used for irrigation
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. When the pain in the joints
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Chamomile can make hot poultice.
Contraindicated during pregnancy extracts of chamomile and chamomile are hypersensitive.
How to prepare an infusion of chamomile
The infusion of chamomile for oral administration is prepared at the rate of a tablespoon of crushed flowers per cup of boiling water. For external use is preparing a more concentrated infusion - two tablespoons per cup of boiling water.
For poultices 3-4 tablespoons of flowers pour boiling water until a thick pasty mass. The hot slurry is spread on a cloth and apply to the affected area for half an hour.
Pharmacies selling drug, prepared on the basis of chamomile pharmacy - romazulon which has protivovospaitelnymi and deodorant (destroys odors) properties. Romazulon administered orally in the form of enemas and externally for inflammatory diseases of the skin and mucous membranes (trophic ulcers, stomatitis, gastritis, kolptitah and so on).
It is not allowed to used as a drug mayweed, which differs from the pharmacy chamomile smell and lack of some form of receptacle.
Chamomile - a wonderful folk remedy, which should be in every home medicine cabinet.
Rhodiola rosea: Siberian ginseng
September 19, 2010
Rhodiola rosea - the plant, which is on the verge of extinction. Since Rhodiola rosea is a valuable herbal medicines, today it is listed in the Red Book, it was being grown as a cultivated plant, possibly, will keep this plant for posterity.
The botanical characteristics of Rhodiola rosea
Rhodiola rosea (golden or pink root, Siberian ginseng) - a perennial herb of the family Crassulaceae. Stems few, they are upright, not branched, up to half a meter. Leaves sessile, oblong, fleshy. Flowers are yellow, clustered in dense inflorescences. It blooms in June and July, the seeds ripen in July - August. Root thick short straight, sometimes reaching 10-15 cm in length and about one kg. From the main root depart a few fine roots. Outside the rhizome and roots are brown with slight pearlescent, on a break they are white, but when dried purchasing pink.
Rhodiola rosea grows in the mountains in the north of the European part of the country, in Siberia, in the Urals, Altai Mountains, the Tian Shan and the Far East. Industrial harvesting are carried out in the Altai, Tuva, the Western Sayan. It grows on rocky slopes, banks of mountain rivers, rocks and pebbles. The plant is included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation.
The chemical composition of Rhodiola rosea root and rules harvested raw materials
The rhizomes and roots of Rhodiola rosea contains tyrosol, tannins, essential oil
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, Proteins, fats, sugars and a considerable amount of manganese, organic acids (gallic acid, oxalic acid, malic acid, succinic acid and citric), flavonoids, sterols and other substances.
Harvest the roots and rhizomes of the plant. They dug out after seed ripening in July - August, using special sticks that allow to keep intact part of the roots of mature plants and young plants. The raw material is washed in running water, clean the old plugs, dead pieces, dried in the shade, cut lengthwise, and dried in a dryer at a low temperature. Dried raw materials stored in a dry, well-ventilated area.
Effects of Rhodiola rosea root on the human body
Rhodiola rosea belongs to adaptogenes - drugs that help to raise the overall resistance of the organism against all external influences, it also has tonic properties. Long experience of Rhodiola rosea medical evidence that she has the perfect tonic effect on the central nervous system, thereby enhancing metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
and immune processes. Drugs in this group do not have a pronounced influence, they are most effective in borderline disorders, as maintenance therapy in general weakening of the body's functions, overvoltage and after the disease. Increases endurance during physical and mental stress.
Preparations from the roots of Rhodiola rosea are slightly toxic, well tolerated by patients, including the elderly.
The use of Rhodiola rosea in medicine
In folk medicine used as aboveground and underground part. The above-ground part is used to treat conjunctivitis, trachoma (in the form of decoctions and infusions), for washing wounds, as lotions with abscesses.
The underground part (roots and rhizomes) in the form of decoctions and infusions for oral administration as a stimulant in conditions after serious illness, fatigue, nervousness, vegetative-vascular dystonia (violation of the contractility of the walls of blood vessels under the influence of disorders of the nervous system), and also in healthy people when fatigue and decreased performance. Also, extracts and tinctures of Rhodiola rosea roots are used as part of combination therapy in the treatment of diseases of the heart, the digestive system, liver and biliary tract, skin diseases, pulmonary tuberculosis, and so on. Extracts of Rhodiola rosea is also used as a step-up body resistance (immune system) means.
Contraindications preparations of Rhodiola rosea are irritability, sleep disturbances
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High blood pressure
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Preparations medicines based on Rhodiola rosea
The pharmacy you can buy alcohol (40% alcohol) extract of the rhizomes and roots of Rhodiola rosea. It is taken as an adaptogenic funds within 5-10 drops 2 times a day (morning and afternoon), and then gradually increase the dose of 30-40 drops to a reception.
The home of Rhodiola rosea may be prepared:
- tincture of the roots: teaspoon dried minced raw pour half a glass of vodka, insist in a dark place for a week, take 15 drops 2 times a day for half an hour before meals (morning and afternoon);
- the infusion of the roots: teaspoon dried minced raw pour a glass of boiled water, 4 hours and filtered, and received a quarter cup 2 times a day (morning and afternoon).
Rhodiola rosea - wonderful adaptogen.