More or less painful periods there are many women, but they do not always cause a violation of every month working-age women. Severe pain during menstruation need to seek medical help and a comprehensive examination.
Painful periods - sign of trouble
Minor pain in the first two - three days of menstruation women are in the majority, but they are not too concerned and allow them not to change the usual way of life. Very severe pain every month begin a few days before menstruation and continued during the time of menstruation. Such pain is usually accompanied by other unpleasant symptoms (headache, nausea, vomiting, excessive sweating, irregular blood pressure, and so on) and completely deprive women of working. This condition is called dysmenorrhoea
Dysmenorrhea - the basis of infertility
Algomenorrhea may occur from the beginning to establish monthly, in which case it is called primary. Primary algomenorrhea most often the result of underdevelopment or improper structure of the uterus. There she and hormonal disorders. Algodismenorei final diagnosis is made only after the menstrual cycle is not established within two years. But the doctor must show the teenager as soon as possible.
There is also a secondary algomenorrhea when normally occurring monthly suddenly become painful. The cause of secondary algodismenorei are inflammatory processes of female genital organs (including those caused by sexually transmitted diseases), endocrine disorders (such as endometriosis
Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences
- The expansion portions mucosal muscle of the uterus), tumors. If a woman among the overall health suddenly appeared very painful menstruation, which did not exist, it should immediately see a doctor and undergo a full examination - delaying this process can be dangerous.
The mechanism of painful menstruation
When inflammation of the muscle fibers can be replaced by connective tissue, it creates irregular uterine contractions, which cause severe pain. Irregular contractions may be congenital hypoplasia of the uterus, infringement of its structure. The pain intensified by disorders of the central nervous system. Under the influence of the structures of the brain hypothalamus and pituitary gland blocks the synthesis of natural painkillers - opiates and simultaneously stimulates the synthesis of biologically active substances - prostaglandins, which trigger the mechanism of inflammation and pain. From this womb acquires increased sensitivity to pain.
How is painful periods
The pain usually begins one to two days before menstruation. In primary algodismenoree they are most often paroxysmal, in the form of labor, the secondary - constant and aching.
At the same time there are signs of violation of the autonomic nervous system - the constant exhausting nausea, sometimes - vomiting, diarrhea often alternating with constipation. Violated and the work of the blood vessels, it is compressed and relaxed, which is reflected in blood pressure - there are sharp differences with his headaches, dizziness
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
, Pain in the heart, and frequent palpitations.
This state continues for women suffering algomenorrhea every month, which undoubtedly affects the state of its nervous system. A woman becomes nervous, irritable, often for all its troubles, and even joins neurasthenia.
Can we help women with painful periods
For this woman should as soon as possible address to the obstetrician-gynecologist, and to complete the survey. Only after the establishment of the correct diagnosis can be assigned to the correct adequate treatment.
During the survey examined the blood on hormones in different phases of the menstrual cycle, identify inflammation, endocrine diseases, tumors with the help of laboratory and instrumental (radiologic, endoscopic, ultrasound) methods.
Treatment of inflammatory processes and hormonal disorders
Hormonal disorders - oversupply and a lack of equally dangerous
It is usually carried out by conservative methods. If it is a tumor or endometriosis, it is resorting to surgery. At the same time prescribed for pain relief analgesics, antispasmodics, restorative and soothing agents.
Painful periods - it is always a sign of trouble in the female genital area. In most cases, if a woman goes to a doctor in time, she was able to help. If the process is started, it often leads to permanent sterility.