Hemodialysis: artificial kidney

February 20th, 2011

  • Hemodialysis: artificial kidney
  • Indications and contraindications

 Hemodialysis - a mechanical cleansing of the blood of wastes, salts and fluids necessary for patients whose kidneys are healthy enough to do the job. Hemodialysis is the most common way to treat severe forms of kidney failure. This procedure will help the patient to lead an active life, despite the disruption of the kidney.

Patients who are undergoing hemodialysis, it is necessary to strictly follow the schedule of treatment, take medication regularly and often to make certain changes in the diet.

 Hemodialysis: artificial kidney

When necessary

Hemodialysis is usually given when a kidney patient can perform only 10-15% of their work. At the same time, the patient may present symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, swelling or fatigue. Hemodialysis takes over part of the function of the kidneys - it monitors the patient's blood pressure and maintains the normal balance of electrolytes in the body fluids. It also helps to maintain a healthy acid-alkaline balance.

The physician determines when a person needs dialysis, based on several factors - the overall health of the patient's renal function (defined by the results of blood and urine tests), symptoms, quality of life and personal preferences. Typically, a patient undergoing hemodialysis begins long before the buds develop complications and denied threatening the life of the patient.

The most common causes of renal failure:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Inflammation of the kidneys (glomerulonephritis)
  • Inflammation of blood vessels (vasculitis)
  • Multicystic kidney disease

However, renal function can be disrupted suddenly (acute renal failure) as a result of severe trauma, complicated surgery, a heart attack or other serious problems.

 Hemodialysis: artificial kidney


The majority of patients who require hemodialysis, there are a number of serious health problems. Hemodialysis prolong many lives, but the life expectancy of people who need it, is still significantly lower than for the general population.

Complications may be due to both hemodialysis and renal diseases. The most common complications are:

  • Low blood pressure (hypotension). Reduction of blood pressure was the most common side effect of hemodialysis, especially in patients with diabetos. Hypotension can be accompanied by symptoms such as shortness of breath, abdominal cramping, cramps, nausea and vomiting.
  • Muscle spasms. Although doctors can not say for sure that the causes of this complication, muscle spasms complained many patients undergoing hemodialysis. In some cases, to facilitate the spasms alter the frequency and intensity of hemodialysis.
  • Itching. Many patients undergoing hemodialysis, there is itching, which is amplified during or immediately after the procedure.
  • Sleep disorders Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
 . Sleep apnea, muscle pain and involuntary leg movements often lead to sleep disorders Violation of sleep - severe consequences of the usual disorders  Violation of sleep - severe consequences of the usual disorders
  • Anemia - decreased number of red blood cells in the blood - is a common complication of kidney failure and hemodialysis. Renal failure results in reduced production of the hormone erythropoietin, which stimulates the production of red blood cells. Dietary restriction and / or elimination of iron and vitamins from the blood during dialysis can also contribute to anemia. Blood loss during hemodialysis and frequent blood tests may have the same effect.
  • Diseases of the bone. If the damaged kidneys lose the ability to properly use the vitamin D, promotes the absorption of calcium, bone mass may eventually become much weaker. In addition, parathyroid hormone overproduction - a common complication of renal failure Kidney failure - when treatment is vital  Kidney failure - when treatment is vital
 May contribute to the development of diseases of bone mass.
  • High blood pressure (hypertension). As already mentioned, high blood pressure is a major cause of renal failure. If the patient during treatment consumes too much salt and / or liquid state can be exacerbated. In severe cases of hypertension can cause heart attack or stroke Stroke - a serious brain injury  Stroke - a serious brain injury
  • Inflammation of the pericardium (pericarditis). It is not enough frequent and / or intensive hemodialysis can lead to inflammation of the pericardium; thus violating the heart can not pump blood in sufficient amounts.

Tsiston: contraindications - the dangers it poses?

January 1, 2012

 tsiston contraindications
 As a herbal preparation tsiston has virtually no contraindications for use, except for individual intolerance. Unfortunately, it is herbal medicines that have a complex chemical composition, often cause such intolerance.

 Tsiston: contraindications - the dangers it poses?

The history of the use of herbs to treat disease

From ancient times, man surrounded by plants, by which a person satisfied his hunger and alleviate suffering. Experience of using plants to treat various diseases and methods of preparation of these medicines handed down from generation to generation. One hundred and fifty years ago for the treatment of various diseases were used in the vast majority of drugs of plant origin. Traditions herbal medicine for more than seven thousand years, even then people knew the properties of such herbs as chamomile and the everlasting and grown them.

Treatment with drugs of natural origin has been developed especially in the East - in China, India and Tibet. From there came to Europe herbalism, herbal medicine in ancient Greece, Hippocrates successfully engaged, as in ancient Rome - Galen.

One hundred and fifty years ago, it began the rapid development of chemistry, which led to the replacement of herbal medicines preparations of artificial origin. But in the second half of the twentieth century, it became obvious that herbal medicines can complement chemical means, and sometimes replace them. Therefore nowadays drugs of natural origin used in medicine, along with artificial chemicals.

The recent studies have shown that plants have a very complicated structure, some of them remain today has not been fully studied, but they continue to study, identifying all the new properties. Today there are many medications made from recycled raw materials of medicinal plants and other natural substances. One of these drugs is tsiston, which includes many components mainly of vegetable origin, as well as mummies.

 Tsiston: contraindications - the dangers it poses?

What is the main danger of medicinal plants

Medicinal plants can provide not only a mild slow effect on the human body. Some plants have a pronounced influence of drug overdose and they are very dangerous. For example, digitalis in small doses used for the treatment of severe heart disease Heart disease: prevention and prevention  Heart disease: prevention and prevention
 And at high doses it is a strong poison. Therefore herbal medicines must be administered a physician, as well as other drugs.

Nevertheless, the main risk of any natural medicines in that they have a complicated structure, which includes a variety of biologically active substances. Such complex composition potentially increases the possibility of allergic reactions of human organism and it is the principal danger in treating such drugs.

 Tsiston: contraindications - the dangers it poses?

This is contraindicated tsiston

Cystone is no exception to the rule, it includes nine components, seven of which are components of vegetable origin. The remaining two components (powder purified mumie lime and silicate) are also of natural origin. In any of these components may have an allergic reaction Allergic reactions: how to understand why you tickle in the throat  Allergic reactions: how to understand why you tickle in the throat

However, in most cases tsiston well tolerated and practically no side effects. On the safety of the drug say that it is permitted to appoint pregnant women and nursing mothers (of course, they tsiston appointed only by a physician).

The instructions to the drug specifically stated that it can not be used in cases of emergency, such as renal clique. This is very important as reading instructions that tsiston has inflammatory properties, some patients may try to remove with the help of the drug renal colic. But tsiston is very slow and need to take it at least a few days to show any effect. If you use it in renal colic Renal colic: a signal that the danger in the bud  Renal colic: a signal that the danger in the bud
 It is possible to miss time, which will lead to serious complications.

Pain in renal colic associated with blood circulation in the wall of the urinary tract (eg, squeezing the blood vessel stone). Such pain can not be tolerated, they must be removed immediately, otherwise there will be necrosis (necrosis) of tissue of the urinary tract. Tsiston in this case only the patient enters misleading and did not help.

Tsiston - a soft drug of natural origin, which need to take a long time to get the desired effect. And the only contraindication for receiving it is the idiosyncrasy of its components.

Galina Romanenko

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