Atarax - pills that help to relax
October 14, 2012
Atarax tablets are used in the form of long, up to a month or more, the treatment of neuroses and neurotic conditions associated with various chronic diseases. These tablets will also help patients with chronic allergic diseases to prevent the development of allergic reactions.
The main effect atarax tablets
Atarax is an anxiolytic (anxiety and relieves stress) with a slight sedative effect. Furthermore, it relaxes smooth muscles and skeletal and blocks the flow of histamine in tissue, thus preventing the development of allergic reactions. It has antipruritic and anti-emetic effect. It has a positive impact on higher functions of the brain, improving memory and learning ability.
Each tablet contains 25 mg atarax active principle - hydroxyzine. Entering the gastrointestinal tract, Atarax
Atarax - to relieve feelings of anxiety
rapidly absorbed into the blood and into the tissue. Thus it can easily cross the blood-brain barrier (blood into brain tissue), and also easily penetrates through the placenta to the fetus. In the fetal tissues it contains more than the mother's tissues.
After administration of tablets inside manifests its action on average a half hour, and the maximum effect - two hours. The liver is decomposed into Atarax metabolic products (metabolites), which are then excreted in the urine.
How to take
Atarax tablets taken only on prescription. The doctor selects a patient atarax individual dose and duration of treatment. But there are general guidelines on the application of the manufacturer atarax tablets.
Adult patients with neuroses Atarax is assigned one to four pills a day, but most of the two tablets of 25 mg. Divide the daily dose as follows: on half a tablet in the morning and during the day and at night the whole tablet. In some cases, severe mental disorders
Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?
Accompanied by severe agitation and anxiety
Anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease?
, The daily dose can be increased significantly (up to 12 tablets or 300 mg), but such doses are assigned only in a hospital where the patient is under constant medical supervision. The average duration of the pills atarax is about a month.
In the treatment of allergic diseases Atarax administered up to four tablets per day (100 mg), but the dose is administered gradually, starting with one tablet per day.
In some cases, it helps
Long-term use in small doses atarax tablets well relieves increased anxiety and emotional instability in the neuroses and neurotic states in patients with long-occurring diseases of various organs and systems. Atarax restores sleep in these patients, especially effectively acting on the process of falling asleep.
Widely used atarax pills for treatment of patients with chronic alcoholism. It is used as part of anti-treatment to remove the general anxiety, irritability
Irritability - you try to control my temper
aggression that interfere with the patient to adapt to the family and at work, and are a common cause start drinking bouts. Atarax is also slightly reduces the mental patients craving for alcohol.
Often Atarax tablets are administered in the complex treatment of patients with mild form of alcohol withdrawal (hangover). Removal of anxiety, guilt, autonomic disorders contributes to the exit of patients from the state of abstinence.
Will Atarax pills and allergic diseases, as it has an antihistamine effect. It relieves itching and bronchospasm removed or prevented not only by anti-histamine effect, but also by the direct effects of atarax on smooth muscle of the bronchi.
To Atarax tablets should not be accepted
Atarax tablets should not be taken by pregnant women and nursing mothers, in case of hypersensitivity to the drug of the patient, porphyria (an inherited disorder of pigment metabolism), as well as hereditary intolerance of simple carbohydrates or violation of their absorption in the intestine (in the tablets include lactose - milk sugar ).
There are a number of relative contraindications for receiving atarax tablets when they need to be taken with caution. All of them take into account the doctor. In some cases, it reduces the dose of Atarax.
Are there any side effects from Atarax tablets?
When the pill atarax can appear side effects such as dry mouth, nausea, urinary retention, constipation, transient liver dysfunction, fatigue, drowsiness, headache, dizziness, tremors throughout the body, convulsive readiness, lower blood pressure, tachycardia , sweating, and allergic reactions.
All the side effects of atarax tablets are not heavy and often disappear on their own without requiring discontinuation of the drug. The only exception is an allergic reaction - when they occur the treatment should be discontinued.
Atarax - instructions: how to release tension and get rid of anxiety
October 7th, 2012
Atarax - a tranquilizer, ie drug, relieving anxiety, fears, emotional tension. It is used for the treatment of neuroses, relief of withdrawal symptoms in chronic alcoholism, reduce itching and bronchospasm in patients with allergic diseases. Atarax has also antiemetic effect.
Mechanism of action
Atarax (active substance - hydroxyzine) - is a drug belonging to the group of tranquilizers (anxiolytics). Available Atarax
Atarax - to relieve feelings of anxiety
YUSB pharmaceutical company Pharma SA (Belgium) in the form of tablets of 25 mg of syrup in 200 ml flasks (5 ml of syrup contains 10 mg Atarax) and a solution for injection in ampoules of 2 ml (1 ml solution contains 50 mg Atarax).
Atarax is an anxiolytic, ie relieves emotional stress, anxiety, fear, improves sleep. The mechanism of action of anxiolytic atarax associated with exposure to the subcortical structures of the brain.
In addition, Atarax soothes, relieves spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs (bronchi, gastrointestinal tract, urinary and biliary tract), which reduces the pain associated with internal diseases associated with muscle spasms. To some extent inhibit gastric secretion. Relaxation of skeletal muscle may cause in some patients, general weakness and decreased performance.
Atarax also has antihistaminic properties, it blocks histamine H1 receptors without allowing the latter to penetrate into the tissue to cause allergic reactions, accompanied by swelling, itching and bronchospasm. Therefore, it is widely used in the treatment of chronic allergic diseases.
When administered Atarax rapidly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and into the tissue. It penetrates into the tissue brain and spinal cord, the placenta to the fetus (fetal tissue it accumulates more than in the tissues of mother). The therapeutic effect is half an hour. Atarax is displayed in the urine after a preliminary exchange of decomposition products (metabolites) in the liver. In addition, Atarax is excreted in human milk.
Indications and contraindications
Atarax take on prescription in the following diseases and conditions:
- the neuroses, which are accompanied by emotional instability, irritability, increased mental and physical activity, anxiety
Anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease?
, Fear, violation of sleep, and good night's sleep;
- in various diseases of internal organs, which are accompanied by functional disorders of the nervous system to deteriorate the condition of patients;
- chronic diseases of internal organs, connected with the smooth muscle spasm and pain - chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, biliary and urinary tracts;
- chronic allergic diseases involving edema, pruritus, bronchospasm;
- chronic alcoholism to relieve hangover;
- in preparation for the various operations to reduce nerve and muscle tension.
Atarax is contraindicated in pregnancy, childbirth, while feeding the baby
Breastfeeding - a personal choice
feeding, individual intolerance of components of the drug by the body of the patient, porphyria (violation of pigment metabolism). Atarax tablets not prescribed to patients with malabsorption or intolerance simple carbohydrates as part of the tablets includes milk sugar (lactose).
Relative contraindications for use Atarax (can be used, but with care) are: severe muscle weakness (myasthenia gravis), difficulty urinating, constipation, enlargement of the prostate, glaucoma
Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness
(increased intraocular pressure), dementia, convulsive readiness, heart rhythm disturbances.
In the appointment atarax simultaneously with certain other drugs (eg, have a depressing effect on the central nervous system), as well as elderly patients, patients with impaired liver or kidney function, the doctor reduces the dosage. Acceptance of alcohol increases the effects of Atarax.
Should not be during the course of treatment Atarax drive, since this drug causes impaired concentration and decrease in speed of psychomotor reactions.
Atarax is generally well tolerated, but there may be side effects such as dry mouth, nausea, abnormal liver function, urinary retention and constipation (this results in smooth muscle relaxation), lethargy, drowsiness, headache, dizziness, tremors, seizure availability, decreased consciousness. In addition, patients may decrease blood pressure, seizures appear palpitation, sweating, allergic reactions (including bronchospasm).
Atarax - a drug that will reduce anxiety, itching and cramps.