- Stop breathing (apnea) during sleep - upper airway obstruction
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- A disease characterized by often repeated partial or complete blockage of the upper airway during sleep. Perhaps you suffer from obstructive sleep apnea if you snore loudly and feel tired even after a long sleep.
There are two main types of sleep apnea:
- obstructive sleep apnea, the most common form of apnea occurs when throat muscles relaxing;
- Central sleep apnea occurs when the brain does not send the muscles of the upper respiratory tract right signals.
In addition, some people have complex sleep apnea is observed, combining both forms of the disease.
If you think you have sleep apnea, see your doctor. Treatment apnea necessary to avoid heart disease and other complications.
Symptoms of sleep apnea
Signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apnea overlap, which sometimes makes it difficult to determine the type of apnea. The most common signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apnea include:
- excessive sleepiness or fatigue during the day (hypersomnia);
- dry mouth or sore throat upon awakening;
- Headaches in the morning;
- deterioration in mental abilities, such as inability to concentrate, forgetfulness, or irritability
Irritability - you try to control my temper
- loud snoring (especially with obstructive sleep apnea);
- sleep apnea;
- excessive sweating during sleep;
- rude awakening with the feeling of suffocation or lack of air (with central sleep apnea);
- inability to sleep or have a long sleep (insomnia).
When you need to see a doctor
Consult your doctor if you or your partner notice the following:
- snoring so loud that disturbs sleep and wakes you and partner;
- waking feel an acute shortage of air;
- breathing during sleep is disturbed, it is intermittent;
- during the day you feel excessive drowsiness and falling asleep on the move - when you work, watch TV or even driving a car.
Many people do not consider it a serious snoring problem, moreover, is not always accompanied by snoring sleep apnea. However, loud snoring, especially alternating periods of silence - a reason to see a doctor. Excessive daytime sleepiness (hypersomnia) may be a symptom of other disorders, such as narcolepsy.
Causes of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the throat muscles relaxing. During sleep, the throat muscles relax, making the airways more prone to collapse. Negative air pressure generated by the light in the narrowed airways may cause them to collapse. When closed airway breathing does not occur and the level of oxygen drops. In order to start breathing again, you need a short time to wake up. As a rule, this awakening is so short that in the morning you about it not even remember.
Awakening can be sudden and accompanied by a feeling of lack of air that passes quickly (to restore breathing normally takes one or two deep breaths). Normally, breathing is restored with the characteristic snorting, choking, snorting or jerky movements of the body. Attacks of obstructive sleep apnea may be repeated five to thirty or more times an hour throughout the night. These episodes have a negative impact on the quality of sleep, so you feel excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue. In addition, the apnea significantly reduce the oxygen supply to the vital organs and cause heart rhythm disturbances.
People suffering from obstructive sleep apnea may not be aware that their sleep was interrupted, and think fast asleep all night.
Causes of central sleep apnea
Central sleep apnea is much rarer. This disorder occurs when the head brain is not able to transmit signals to the muscles that control breathing. When central sleep apnea may rude awakening with shortness of breath, insomnia and other sleep disorders. As with obstructive sleep apnea, snoring and observed unusual sleepiness during the day. The most common causes of central sleep apnea are heart failure
Heart failure - when the heart is unable to cope with the work
Stroke - a serious brain injury
(rarely). People suffering from central sleep apnea, often remember that wake up at night, unlike patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
Reasons for complex sleep apnea
Complex sleep apnea is characterized by obstruction of the upper respiratory tract (as in obstructive sleep apnea), as well as violation of the respiratory rhythm and periodic cessation of breathing.