- The sciatic nerve: how to avoid the excruciating pain?
- Causes of pain
- Classification of Diseases
- How to treat
- Folk remedies
- During pregnancy
If the sciatic nerve pain
The sciatic nerve - a very large nerve that supplies the entire lower limb match he can so that the patient does not want to eat or sleep, can not find a position in which the pain would be reduced. Pain in the sciatic nerve often bring patients to the neuroses.
Why can hurt the sciatic nerve
Most often the cause of pain is neuralgia - the defeat of the sciatic nerve is not, and covering his shell. The cause of neuralgia can be a traumatic effect on the nerve trunk or root. This occurs against various diseases of the spine, including anomalies of development, resulting in the compression of the spinal cord. Compresses the sciatic nerve can also in other places, for example, at the point of exit of the pelvis, or at any other location in the development of such tumors, both in the nerve and in the surrounding tissues.
But most of sciatica
Sciatica - and if it will affect the spine?
It appears on the background microtraumas associated with heavy physical exercise, especially in combination with hypothermia. Therefore, sciatica are particularly vulnerable to people who are engaged in power sports with weight lifting (weightlifting, bodybuilding, paerlifting).
Neuralgia of the sciatic nerve can occur when infectious diseases (brucellosis, tuberculosis, herpes zoster), with some infectious-allergic diseases of the nervous system (multiple sclerosis, polyradiculoneuritis), intoxication (heavy metals, bacterial toxins, certain medications, toxic metabolic products in violation liver and kidney function, decomposition products of tumors).
Neuralgia of the sciatic nerve can occur in chronic alcoholism, diabetes, metabolic disorders, poor circulation in the place where nerve - for all those suffering from metabolic conditions
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in neural tissue.
Sciatica very rarely comes from a certain cause, it often causes a whole range of reasons.
Especially often it happens in old age, on the background of various vascular changes in the sciatic nerve. Children neuralgia almost never occur.
The characteristics of pain in the sciatic nerve
Pain in the sciatic nerve can be sharp, burning, stabbing and cutting. They usually occur suddenly and disappear just as suddenly. But sometimes the pain can be constant with periodic exacerbations. The localization of the pain corresponds to the area of innervation of the sciatic nerve.
The attack of neuralgia can begin after physical or emotional stress, as well as after exposure. Sometimes the pain occurs at night during sleep
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and if the patient suffers from insomnia and more. After an attack of pain are only sometimes in pain points: between the fifth lumbar and first sacral vertebrae, in the middle of the buttocks, in the popliteal fossa. In the course of the sciatic nerve may change skin sensitivity, it may increase or, conversely, decrease.
Attacks of pain may be accompanied by vegetative disorders (the autonomic nervous system supplies the blood vessels) in the form of redness, swelling of the skin, disorders of sweating (sweating is particularly evident in the area of the foot). Severe pain can cause even fainting.
Severe pain is also accompanied by protective muscle tension, forced position of the body (the patient tries to rely only on his good leg), gait disturbance.
If such pain occurs in the elderly, it is necessary to cure disease - atherosclerosis, high blood pressure. To improve the metabolism in nervous tissue prescribe vitamins B1, B12, E, vitamin-mineral complexes.
But most importantly for the patient - is the removal of sometimes unbearable pain.
In the acute period prescribed ointments, skin receptors and blocking distractions - and bee venom, pain ointments, novocaine blockade. Analgesics are administered by injection, rectal suppositories, tablets for oral administration. To the patient was able to sleep, appointed hypnotics and sedatives.
From physical therapy prescribed UHF, ultraviolet irradiation of the affected area until the light burns (erythema), diadynamic currents, electro- and phonophoresis with anesthetics electrosleep. Assist and reflexology sessions (acupuncture, acupressure, moxibustion).
The state is acute if it lasts long enough, it is shown a spa treatment with carrying out water and mud
Mud - a pleasant and useful procedure
Pain in the sciatic nerve and can be treated, otherwise the disease may progress to the next stage - an inflammation of the nerve, and the disease is more difficult to treat.