Pantokaltsin - will help restore brain function

August 5, 2012

 Pantokaltsin - a drug that actively affects the metabolism of the brain and protects it from harmful influences, primarily from lack of oxygen, and also has an inhibiting effect on the light activating the central nervous system (CNS).

 Pantokaltsin - will help restore brain function

How does pantokaltsin the central nervous system

Pantokaltsin - a neuroprotective drugs, the main effect of which is associated with cognitive (cognitive) brain function, the drug is available in tablets of 250 and 500 mg.

The main active ingredient is pantokaltsina hopantenic acid which, by its chemical composition and properties is similar to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) - biologically active substances that can enhance the metabolic processes in the brain.

When administered pantokaltsin rapidly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, distributed in the body and into the brain, which penetrates the neuronal membrane and affects their metabolism Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting  Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
 . The main action of this drug is that it increases the ability of neurons metabolize glucose Glucose: The energy source  Glucose: The energy source
 From which energy is produced inside the cells. Energy is needed for all cell occurring in her biochemical processes. The additional energy input will activate all types of metabolism in the cells, which is very important for the restoration of their functions.

Pantokaltsin has an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system, so it has a positive effect on patients suffering from cramps and various hyperkinesias (diseases that are accompanied by violent movements), as well as relaxes the muscles of the bladder. At the same time exerts a slight pantokaltsin activating effect on the CNS.

Restore functions of the brain appears to improve memory, learning ability, memorization of training material and the development of various skills, concentration, increase mental and physical performance, reduction of seizure and increased muscle spasm, including the muscles of the bladder, which improves the condition of patients with night and day incontinence.

 Pantokaltsin - will help restore brain function

Which diseases appoint pantokaltsin

Pantokaltsin used for the treatment and prevention of disorders of higher brain functions of different origin in adults and children. For example, it is used in disorders of cerebral circulation and consequences of ischemic stroke. Chronic circulatory disorders of brain tissue resulting in many breaches of its functions. Pantokaltsin improves the energy potential of neurons, all types of metabolism and allows neurons to function normally in conditions of oxygen deficiency (reducing the need for oxygen of neurons).

When the consequences of head injuries and neuroinfections in brain tissue occur sometimes irreversible changes that lead to the loss of a number of functions. Pantokaltsin in this case activates neurons and restores their ability to function and plastic. This allows the neurons to transmit nerve impulses, bypassing the lesion and partially restores the state of the brain.

In epilepsy and extrapyramidal hyperkinesis (violent movements developing in the defeat of certain brain structures) pantokaltsin increases the inhibitory effect of the central nervous system and improves metabolism in the brain, which helps to improve the condition of these patients.

Older people with early dementia pantokaltsin suspend the destruction of the brain by a partial recovery of metabolism in his tissue.

Used pankaltsin and some mental disorders Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?  Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?
 For example, in schizophrenia - improving metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
   It helps to improve the general condition of these patients.

In childhood pantokaltsin used for lag in mental development of children, in violation of their memory and ability to learn. Furthermore, in children it is often used in complex therapy for night and daytime urinary incontinence.

 Pantokaltsin - will help restore brain function

Do pantokaltsina contraindications and side effects

Contraindications pantokaltsina quite a bit, it is hypersensitivity to its components, the first trimester of pregnancy and acute renal failure. Furthermore, the dosage form pantokaltsina in tablet form is not applicable to the age of three years.

Side effects when taking pantokaltsina very rare, and mostly in the form of allergic reactions, which requires discontinuation of the drug. Phenomena such as insomnia or drowsiness, tinnitus appear at the beginning of treatment, are on their own and do not require discontinuation of therapy.

Galina Romanenko

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  • pantokaltsin

Reactive meningitis - a response to infection

November 2, 2013

 reactive meningitis
 Reactive meningitis Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges  Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges
   or neurotoxicosis develops as the body's response to the impact of bacterial or viral toxins in acute respiratory infections. Often the symptoms of neurotoxicity not immediately be distinguished from the true manifestation of meningitis - inflammation of the meninges.


Reasons reactive meningitis

Neurotoxicity - a condition that develops mainly in young children in response to bacterial or viral toxins released during various respiratory tract infections (respiratory infections such as the flu). Thus there is a loss of vegetative parts of the central nervous system (CNS), bacterial, viral toxins or products of cellular metabolism. Response is edema-swelling of the brain, which many consider a universal non-specific reactive process of brain disorder clinically similar to disorders in the meningitis.

Swelling of the brain occurs because of cerebrovascular events (this leads to oxygen starvation of the brain cells - neurons), metabolic disorders Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
 Leading to metabolic shifts (acidosis) and increase the vascular permeability. As a result of these violations occurs the accumulation of free liquid in the brain ventricles and the brain.

The mechanism of development of cerebral edema at neurotoxicosis lies reflex exposure to toxins (toxin pathogens and toxins resulting from improper metabolism) on the CNS and the autonomic nervous system (ANS), as well as internal organs, and endocrine system. Exposure to toxins VNS leads to the expression of vascular responses: spasm, sometimes vasodilation, resulting in a dramatic stroke, eating disorders of the kidneys and the heart muscle, which in turn leads to a decrease in the function of these organs.

The capillaries are formed microthrombuses, when resorption of which a large amount of biologically active substances (histamine, serotonin), causing a violation of vascular permeability and edema.

Poor circulation and regulating the central nervous system, as well as a direct impact of endotoxin on the most important organs and tissues leads to severe metabolic disorders and to acidosis.

Factors predisposing to the development of neurotoxicity, consider unfavorable for pregnancy and childbirth (gestosis, fetoplacental insufficiency, the threat of termination of pregnancy, rapid or very prolonged labor, and so on), seizure (the appearance of seizures, even with a moderate rise in temperature), atopy (inherited allergy), increased nervous excitability.


Symptoms of meningitis jet

Signs of acute neurotoxicity develop, usually in the first few hours after the onset of the disease. Neurotoxicity occurs in three phases: the first phase excitation develops, then the phase of depression of the central nervous system (CNS) and coma.

The first phase (phase excitation) begins with the excitation of unmotivated child and lasts from six hours to two days. He is restless, he cries constantly moving, startled, trembling of the limbs appear, and then the whole body. Increased body temperature, there is tachycardia and dyspnea. Often these symptoms are joined cramps, which are generalized and flows series. The child may lose consciousness, he increases hyperthermia Hyperthermia - when the body is overheated  Hyperthermia - when the body is overheated
   (fever), while the skin is pale, fingers and toes - cold (sign spasm of small blood vessels). Because vasospasm disrupted kidney and develop oliguria (a sharp decrease in the volume of urine output).

If a child has not been assigned to adequate treatment, the neurotoxicosis moves into the second phase - CNS depression caused by the swelling of the brain (phase lasts from 12 hours to three days). In this phase, the child finally loses consciousness, he appeared meningeal symptoms (such manifestations as opposed to the true meningism called meningitis) and continuous seizures. However, even at this stage it is still reversible condition, if adequate treatment is carried out.

Condition becomes irreversible as swelling captures the medulla oblongata, which houses the core of some of the cranial nerves and the vital centers (cardiovascular and respiratory centers). Symptoms are swelling of the medulla oblongata strabismus Strabismus - how to find the cause?  Strabismus - how to find the cause?
 , Dilated pupils, rapid weak pulse, low body temperature.

The third phase of neurotoxicity - a deep coma, accompanied by occasional palpitations, cardiac arrhythmias, and cessation of breathing or heart rate.

Reactive meningitis is characterized by the absence of inflammation in the lining of the brain, however, it can occur is very difficult, which requires, as a rule, resuscitation.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • types of meningitis