Chronic conjunctivitis rarely develops in the "scratch." Most often, the development of chronic conjunctivitis associated with various visual impairments, chronic infectious-inflammatory processes in paranasal sinuses, digestive diseases and long flowing allergic process.
Causes of chronic conjunctivitis
Causes of chronic inflammation in the conjunctiva of the eye may be different. However, they often have certain predisposing moments in the form of common chronic diseases that lead to disruption of metabolic processes in the conjunctiva of the eye, reduce local and general immunity
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, Sensitization (sensitization) of the body.
These predisposing factors include a variety of long-occurring infectious-inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx, especially in the paranasal sinuses. Chronic sinusitis and frontal sinusitis often underlie chronic conjunctivitis. The latter do not respond to treatment as long as it stabilizes the state of the paranasal sinuses.
No less common cause of chronic conjunctivitis are long and occurring diseases of the digestive system, including the worm infestation. Therefore, it is recommended for chronic conjunctivitis povodit examination of the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas
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The liver, blood investigate the presence of antibodies against helminths.
Finally, the cause of chronic conjunctivitis may be operating hazards in the chemical, milling, textile industry, sawmills, brick, lime factories, as well as light energy and ionizing radiation in various industrial plants. Conjunctival irritation may occur with different visual and wearing incorrect glasses or contact lenses
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The direct cause of chronic conjunctivitis can be bacterial, viral or fungal infection
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or allergic processes. Thus, chronic conjunctivitis in a child often develops on the background of atopy - congenital allergy and can carry a family character.
Symptoms of chronic conjunctivitis
Unlike acute conjunctivitis chronic conjunctivitis occurs with moderate symptoms, which may then subside, then amplified (undulating course) or permanently disturb the patient.
The main symptoms of chronic conjunctivitis - is discomfort in the eye, a sense of debris. In this age of the conjunctiva slightly reddened, loosened, it has a rough surface, slightly velvety appearance. Patients may be concerned about or increased dryness of the eyes, or periodically appear meager discharge. The disease usually takes a long time and are difficult to treat.
Sometimes it takes the form of chronic conjunctivitis catarrhal process is prolonged, malosimptomno and practically safe to view. Chronic conjunctivitis, a child may take the form of follicular process, with the emergence of small follicles on the conjunctiva (the bubbles). This is due to the tendency of the lymphoid tissue of the conjunctiva of children to sprawl. Same follicles in children can be found on the tonsils and the posterior pharynx stack. With age, they pass without leaving a scar.
How to cure chronic conjunctivitis
To cure chronic conjunctivitis to be effective, it is necessary to identify the disease, maintain it for. If a disease is detected and treated, the phenomenon of conjunctivitis subside. But the problem is that predispose to chronic conjunctivitis diseases are chronic and therefore require long-term systemic treatment.
Treatment of chronic conjunctivitis in adults in addition to the detection and treatment of chronic diseases, includes a healthy active lifestyle, proper balanced diet, elimination of bad habits such as smoking, alcohol abuse. If necessary (if the main supporting factor in the inflammatory process are industrial hazards) patients are also advised to change jobs.
Laboratory examination of conjunctival discharge reveals the direct cause of chronic conjunctivitis and appoint antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal treatment. At the same time treatment is prescribed, strengthening general and local immunity. If chronic conjunctivitis is allergic in nature, prescribe antihistamines.
Chronic conjunctivitis requires a comprehensive examination of the patient, the detection and treatment of long flowing pathological processes in the body of the patient.