The drops in the nose in the sinus: what lies behind the variety of drugs

March 22, 2013

 drops in the nose in the sinus
 The drops in the nose in the sinus - one of the most common drugs for the treatment of this disease. Depending on what substances are included in their composition, they differ in their mechanism of action.

Vasoconstrictor drops

The best-known means of this group are galazolin, Naphthyzinum, Otrivin, nazol, Sanorin and vibrotsil, but there are many other drugs. Despite the variety of vasoconstrictor drops, their composition usually includes xylometazoline, oxymetazoline or phenylephrine.

The active ingredient of any of these drugs stimulates adrenoceptors vessels of the nasal mucosa, and thereby decreases its swelling. The outflow of the contents of the maxillary sinuses, which was difficult, restored.

Drops with a similar mechanism of action may be used no more than five consecutive days. Prolonged use them often leads to inflammation and swelling of the nasal mucosa. This condition is called rhinitis medicamentosa.

Be sure to take into account the contraindications to the use of drops. They are not used in people who have:

  • Over-sensitivity to the drug;
  • Increased blood pressure;
  • Expressed atherosclerosis;
  • Cardiac arrhythmias;
  • Atrophic rhinitis;
  • Angle-closure glaucoma Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness  Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness
   (increased pressure in the eye);
  • Diabetes;
  • Hyperthyroidism (increased production of thyroid hormones it).

Sometimes the application of vasoconstrictor drops occur undesirable reactions such as burning and dryness in the nose and sneezing. The likelihood of these adverse effects increases with frequent or prolonged use of the drug. In very rare cases, increased blood pressure, disturbed sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
 , There is a headache, palpitations and nausea.

Nasal drops with antibiotics

Many people believe that antibiotics and Polydex izofra that apply in the sinus are drops. However, they are only issued in the form of a spray.

Izofra contains frametsitin - an antibiotic of the aminoglycoside. The drug is bactericidal effect, that is, destroys microbes.

This drug is contraindicated for people who have increased sensitivity to aminoglycosides. Side effects during treatment izofry occur very rarely, usually develop allergic skin reaction. If the spray is used for more than ten days, in the nasopharynx may disrupt the natural balance of microflora.

The drug is used for four to six times a day for one injection into each nasal passage. The intervals between use izofry should be about three hours.

When sinusitis can also be assigned to the preparation Polydex with phenylephrine. It consists of:

  • The antibiotics neomycin and polymyxin B. They have an impact on many of the microorganisms that cause inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses;
  • Dexamethasone - glyukokortikosteriodny hormone that has anti-edematous and anti-inflammatory effects;
  • Phenylephrine - vasoconstrictor substance, due to which decreases swelling of the mucous membrane and disappears feeling of nasal congestion.

When inflammation of the paranasal sinuses recommended dose for adults - one injection spray in each nostril three to five times a day, and for children - one injection into each nostril three times a day. Duration of Polydex ranges from five to ten days.

Side effect is rare and usually manifests itself in the form of allergic skin reactions. The drug should not be used in the following situations:

  • When angle-closure glaucoma Angle-closure glaucoma - possibly severe course of the disease  Angle-closure glaucoma - possibly severe course of the disease
   and suspected it;
  • During pregnancy and during breastfeeding Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!  Breast-feeding: feed - and no nails!
  • When kidney disease, in which the protein is released in the urine;
  • Along with monoamine oxidase inhibitors;
  • Children under the age of two and a half years;
  • With high sensitivity to substances which are part of the spray.

Izofra Polydex with phenylephrine and are not used for washing the sinuses. They are used only by injection into the nasal passages.

For the treatment of sinusitis, there are many drugs which have various forms of release, and the mechanism of action. In this disease, it is necessary not only to eliminate the symptoms, but also affect the microorganisms causing inflammation.

Article Tags:
  • treatment of sinusitis

Expectorant for dry cough why they are needed

September 4, 2012

 expectorant for dry cough
 Expectorants used in dry cough, phlegm to soften, make productive cough and thus accelerate recovery.

 Expectorant for dry cough why they are needed


For the treatment of dry cough expectorants can be used, which is the active ingredient guafenezin. For example, robitussin - an expectorant, which is used in dry cough caused by a cold or the flu. This product is not intended to treat cough caused by smoking, asthma, emphysema, or heart failure.

In the presence of the following factors before taking robitussina should consult a doctor:

  • Diabetes;
  • Heat;
  • Kidney disease;
  • Allergic reactions to guafenezin, other drugs, as well as food dyes, or preservatives;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Lactation.

The most common side effects robitussina are: dizziness, headache and upset stomach. Much less frequently it causes side effects such as severe allergic reactions (usually it is a sign of skin rash), itching, swelling of the face and / or language. When these side effects you should immediately seek medical help.

 Expectorant for dry cough why they are needed

Home remedies

A mixture of equal parts of honey and aloe juice Aloe - its amazing healing properties  Aloe - its amazing healing properties
   It is a good expectorant for dry cough. Taking it to be 2-3 times per day. A similar effect has carrot juice, mixed with a small amount of honey (this method is suitable for those who absolutely do not want to take the juice of aloe - because it does not neutralize the bitterness even sweet honey).

Mix the water with cayenne pepper (1 tablespoon 1-2 L), and gargle 3-4 a day. Two days later the cough becomes productive.

Strong expectorant is ginger Ginger and the most unexpected, but pleasant useful properties  Ginger and the most unexpected, but pleasant useful properties
 . Brew tea from it, add it to the hot milk mixed with honey or just chew - in any case, the ginger will help to soften sputum.

Squeeze the juice of one lemon, mix with a tablespoon of honey and add no more than 0.25 teaspoon of glycerin. Take a teaspoon of this medication 2-3 times a day; it soothes the throat and contributes to the gradual separation of sputum.

Inhalation - one of the most effective means of causing expectoration. Boil water in a pan, remove it from the heat and add a few drops of essential oil Essential oils and conception: can help the roses?  Essential oils and conception: can help the roses?
   mint Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness  Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness
 , Eucalyptus, pine or cedar. Within 5-10 minutes, inhale the steam nose and mouth. Repeat 2-3 times a day until symptoms improve.

Mullein - biennial plant, native to Europe, Africa and Asia, is an effective expectorant, which has long been used as an expectorant. Its active ingredients are saponins has expectorant properties, glycosides, reduce inflammation, as well as substances, effectively mitigating the throat.

Another plant that can be used as an expectorant for dry cough - Plantago lanceolata. It contains glycosides, tannins and phenols cause the mucus softens and expectorated. Plantain, moreover, has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

Inula, or yellow - perennial plant flowering yellow flowers may also be used in the treatment of dry coughs as an expectorant. In the roots of Elecampane contains inulin, resins, alkaloids, saponins and essential oils, soothing and stimulating the throat phlegm.

Article Tags:
  • dry cough