The inflammatory process in the ear with the defeat of its various departments called catarrhal otitis. If a timely manner to carry out adequate therapy, the inflammation goes without consequences for health. The most serious complication is the spread of infection in the cranial cavity, as well as the development of chronic inflammation.
What is the reason the development of ear infections
Catarrhal otitis in most cases develop after infectious diseases, such as colds after any nature (sore throat, flu, viral infection). The infectious nature is among the main causes of development, so it is important to pay attention to timely treatment of colds. Catarrhal otitis media may be caused by infection of the existing centers of a chronic infection. These homes include long-existing diseases of the throat, nose, for example, chronic sinusitis
Chronic sinusitis - the effect on health
If the body there is a source of infection, when the body's immune reducing pathogens are able to spread, causing inflammatory changes in the affected organ. For this reason, any foci of infection must be sanitized, ie, treated, especially noteworthy in childhood. Catarrhal otitis media in children can be triggered by even a slight cold. There are anatomical features of the structure of hearing aids in children who are in the presence of a larger lumen of the auditory tube in comparison to adult.
Liquid separation with a cold is easy to become numb to the ear via the nasopharynx, and the infection is freely distributed. Exposure to pathogens is a major cause of inflammation. Symptoms often develop catarrhal otitis media, as a manifestation of allergic reaction. The possibility of having an allergy to consider when handling a patient due to shortness of breath or other clinical manifestations.
The need for treatment
Catarrhal otitis media in adults, which occurs in uncomplicated form, can be treated at home. Local procedures are basic, and they include the following remedial measures:
- local anesthetic and antibacterial treatment in the form of the use of special ear drops
- warming procedure (poluspirtovoy compress various physiotherapy, for example, UHF). Widespread light blue color, which promotes rapid recovery
It must be remembered that the treatment of catarrhal otitis in a warming procedure is carried out only in the absence of purulent inflammation in the ear when a patient's body temperature is normal. Otherwise, the heat factor can lead to infection that spreads into the cranial cavity. Eustachian tube patency promotes the use of vasoconstrictor nose drops
Vasoconstrictor nose drops - use with caution!
So be sure to include them in the scheme of treatment of otitis media.
Volume therapy should only define the doctor is not allowed to engage in self-treatment, ie, without prior inspection specialist. Often during inadequate therapy develop complications, such as meningitis
Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges
. If bilateral catarrhal otitis media occurs in a complicated form, the spread of the infection occurs in the cranial cavity with the defeat of the meninges, and in this situation the patient should be hospitalized in a specialized department, which will be provided medical care to the extent necessary. There is a possibility of a further complication, which is the development of resistant strains of microorganisms, as well as chronic forms of otitis, when the patient began to make their own antibiotic.
Many people mistakenly decide how to treat catarrhal otitis media, based on the advice of friends, acquaintances. Such an approach to the selection of the scope of treatment is wrong and dangerous from the point of view of development of complications. For each patient selected individual treatment, taking into account the features of the disease, the data of objective examination and clinical symptoms.
Features of therapy in pediatric practice
Treatment of catarrhal otitis media in children is often complicated by the presence of a number of trigger factors. A small child does not know how to blow his nose, it is in a supine position, often spits up, with children most at risk of colds. The child has not formed an immune system, so reduced resistance also acts as a specific provoking factor.
Catarrhal otitis media
Otitis media - children's problem
and his frequent recurrence is more common in children with adenoids. Excessive proliferation of lymphoid tissue leads to the fact that the holes can overlap the auditory tubes. Also, experts have proven that adenoids act as a repository of a viral infection, which is the cause of the common cold, and various diseases of respiratory system.
Removing enlarged adenoids surgically considered one of the most common methods of treatment. But you need to start with in order to identify the cause of the increase, which may be different. First of all it should be noted that the inflammatory process is the response of the immune system, the immune response. Acute catarrhal otitis media often develops in the early period after the operation on the removal of the adenoids.
If you have chosen the correct treatment strategy, there comes a full recovery. Attention should be given to tools that will enhance the body's resistance, strengthen the immune system. Vitamin deficiency or vitamin deficiency, the fact that malnutrition must be removed, as this may contribute to the development of inflammation.