Sensorineural hearing loss: the main thing - the treatment time

July 10, 2011

 sensorineural hearing loss
 Sensorineural (sensorineural) hearing loss - a disease of the inner ear of a person that affects the auditory nerve and broken sound reproduction, and therefore partially or completely lost the hearing. The disease is quite severe as to effectively restore hearing is possible only in the first seven days of its inception. The prevalence of the disease is high, equally often affects children and adults.

 Sensorineural hearing loss: the main thing - the treatment time

Etiology and pathogenesis

Sensorineural hearing loss is caused by many factors, the most significant of which are acute viral infections occurring with high body temperature, improper use of antibiotics, such as aminoglycosides, injuries of the skull, especially the temporal region, increased blood pressure Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?  Blood pressure - dangerous if his swing?
 , Vibration or noise, stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 . Often the cause of sensorineural hearing loss can not be determined.

As a result of one or a combination of several factors affected zvukovosprinimayuschego apparatus atrophy of nerve endings, sensory hairs organ of Corti.

 Sensorineural hearing loss: the main thing - the treatment time


Sensorineural hearing loss is divided into acute, subacute and chronic.

Acute deafness develops most frequently in response to viral infection, trauma and other acute condition lasts for the time of one month. Subacute deafness is a continuation of a sharp, it may be due to the influence of any factors that lasts from one to three months. Chronic hearing loss lasts longer than three months, it is a logical extension of subacute or caused by prolonged exposure to noise and vibration in the factories, in the air, that is, is a professional disease.

 Sensorineural hearing loss: the main thing - the treatment time

Clinical manifestations

Sensorineural hearing loss is shown hearing loss at one or both ears of varying severity. Simultaneously with hearing loss, and there is growing tinnitus intensity from mild to unbearable. May increase the pain threshold, develop dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet  Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
   and nausea.

 Sensorineural hearing loss: the main thing - the treatment time


Diagnosis of sensorineural hearing loss is considerable difficulties in childhood, when the child is not able to clearly explain what was bothering him. If the hearing loss develops in the background of a viral infection, it can be expressed hyperemia of the tympanic membrane, and therefore the treatment of acute otitis appointed Acute otitis media: to heal, to not become a chronic disease  Acute otitis media: to heal, to not become a chronic disease
   and lost time for the full treatment of sensorineural hearing loss, which is fraught with profound hearing loss.

Adults also can not immediately detect hearing loss - they are usually long-term suffering from tinnitus, but your doctor about this do not apply. The next stage of the disease is the loss of sound when the person can not hear the phone call, alarm and consider them broken. For example, a musician who brings a musical instrument repair a complaint that one key does not work, but the tool is serviceable. The fact the man himself.

Visually impossible to detect sensorineural hearing loss, but it definitely diagnosed by a special method of investigation - audiogram.

The audiogram to determine the air and bone conduction of sound for different frequencies and to compare it with the norm. For sensorineural hearing loss is characterized by a sharp break curves of both types of conduction.

Therefore, in cases of suspected development of hearing loss should immediately contact the specialized clinics equipped with the necessary instruments for the study of hearing, as usual clinics often do not have them.

 Sensorineural hearing loss: the main thing - the treatment time


The earlier you start the right treatment - the better the result. In acute sensorineural hearing loss is reduced to 90% of hearing loss, especially if treatment is started right away in the first week. In subacute sensorineural hearing loss possible partial recovery of hearing on 30-70%. Chronic sensorineural hearing loss conservative treatment is virtually impossible, it is recommended hearing aid.

Effective treatment of acute sensorineural hearing loss is carried out only in a specialized hospital, because it should be a powerful and complex. Appointed by means of improving blood flow to the inner ear, vitamins, physiotherapy, laser therapy, special medical supplies.

 Sensorineural hearing loss: the main thing - the treatment time


Prevention of sensorineural hearing loss is very important. This includes injury prevention, stress, proper treatment of viral infections, antibiotics competent, timely treatment of hypertension and ischemia, prevention of occupational diseases among workers in noisy industries.

Svetlana Shimkovich

Article Tags:
  • ear disease

How to cure a sore throat - the choice of means and method

March 18, 2014

 than to treat angina
 Both viral and bacterial sore throat usually pass without treatment, however, can and must take action to alleviate the symptoms of the disease, and speed recovery. How to treat angina and what is already known.


How to cure a sore throat in adults

One of the most pressing issues for the majority of patients - how to anesthetize the throat with angina. Sore throat in this disease is so severe that a person can not eat or drink or even swallow their own saliva.

Universal agent for the treatment of angina. Take aspirin, paracetamol or ibuprofen: a few hours, they will save you from a sore throat, so you can eat and drink normally, and this, incidentally, is very important for a speedy recovery. Besides, you can take drugs to alcohol balsams with herbs - alcohol has an antiseptic effect, and various natural ingredients help the body fight infection.

For the treatment of angina in children Sore throat in children - a common disease  Sore throat in children - a common disease
   best use of paracetamol, as well as children's syrups sore throat. Both children and adults, will be useful for tablets containing dry extract of sage Sage - cvyaschennaya grass  Sage - cvyaschennaya grass
   - Natural substances, which are part of this plant is perfectly soften throat.

The smear throat with angina. Using a clean teaspoon can be applied to the back of your throat honey (it can be mixed with a small amount of onion juice) or Lugol solution of the drug. Do this two or three times a day until the sore throat will not pass.

Inhalation angina - a "grandmother's remedy", which is often advised to use doctors. To do inhale, you'll need a large saucepan, water and herbs or essential oils (suitable, for example, peppermint oil Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness  Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness
 , Pine, cedar, eucalyptus). Boil water, add to it a little bit of herbs, let it brew for a few minutes. If you use essential oils, remove the pan from the heat and add a few drops of oil. By the way, you can use only water without herbs and oils - just hot steam is also very useful for a sore throat. Put a pot of water on the refractory surface, bend over it, cover your head with a towel and inhale for 15-20 minutes mouth hot steam. Inhalation angina recommended 1-2 times a day, until the complete disappearance of symptoms.

Inhalation angina nebulizer. Nebulizer - is a device for spraying and inhalation drugs, the prototype of which was invented in the mid 19th century. It is considered safe even for very young children, but before it is used for the treatment of angina in a child should consult with a physician. For inhalation nebulizer can apply an antiseptic solution, some homeopathic medicines or drug hlorofillipt.

For the relief of pain in the throat of the spray can be used for angina comprising analgesics and / or antimicrobial agents. For example, a very effective and popular is Hexoral - it is effective against pathogens of sore throat, and he has only one contraindication - are allergic to components of the preparation.

Gargling with warm salt water or water with lemon juice - is another effective remedy for sore throats. At the peak of the disease it is recommended to gargle 3-4 times a day, each time for at least five minutes. This procedure can be unpleasant, but its effectiveness is confirmed by the experience of many generations.


How to cure a sore throat caused by bacteria

If symptoms of infection do not disappear after 7-10 days of the onset or exacerbated by sharply, your doctor may suggest that the patient has a bacterial sore throat. To make an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to make analyzes - in particular, make a smear in the throat, and / or blood test - and only then can you decide what is best to cure a sore throat that does not go by itself. Antibacterial drugs for the treatment of angina, as a rule, very quickly eliminate the symptoms of the disease, and sometimes help prevent a number of serious complications.

  • Amoxicillin - is an antibacterial agent used in the treatment of angina more often. Amoxicillin - the preparation of the penicillin group, which does not kill bacteria, but prevents them from creating cell walls with a critical eye to their survival.
  • Cephalosporins - a group of antibiotics, many of which can be used for the treatment of angina. They are almost as well as amoxicillin.
  • Erythromycin - shirokospektralny antibiotic, the first macrolide. It is used to treat infections caused by streptococci, stafilokkami, chlamydia, and many other types of bacteria.

These are just some of the antibiotics that can be used for the treatment of angina. The doctor makes the decision about what drugs to treat angina How to treat angina - effective methods  How to treat angina - effective methods
 , Depending on the specifics of each case. For example, amoxicillin can not prescribe to patients who are allergic to penicillin and cyclosporins are safer for pregnant women than erythromycin.

In most cases, the treatment of angina antibiotic pills are assigned; The duration of treatment is not less than five days. Injections with angina seldom do, with very severe forms of the disease, or when the patient for some reason can not take the tablets regularly.


How to treat angina nursing mother

In most cases, nursing mothers, as well as all other patients with angina is recommended to restrict the use of OTC analgesics and home remedies. For them, paracetamol is considered safe, but aspirin can be taken only with a doctor's permission. Well help inhalation, gargling, herbal teas, milk and honey. If symptoms of angina start to subside in 4-5 days after the first signs of illness, seek medical attention. If you find that a bacterial sore throat, he can get antibiotics in small, safe doses for the child.

Article Tags:
  • treatment of angina