Otitis - than could face an ear infection - Treatment
June 28, 2009
- Otitis - than could face an ear infection
- Acute and chronic
How to treat otitis media ear
Most varieties of otitis media - a self-limiting infection, that without treatment are a week or two after the first symptoms. Adult patients with otitis, can treat it at home, and go to the doctor only when the relief will not come for 5-7 days. A sick child should be required to show the doctor - otitis media in children often causes serious complications and be severe.
First aid for otitis media, causes severe pain in the ears, is simple - it is usually sufficient to take non-prescription pain reliever (acetaminophen, ibuprofen
Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug
And so on), and make a cold compress to the pain became much weaker. This gives a temporary effect, and in the first few days of taking analgesics, and often have to make compresses several times a day. Protect your ears from water: wash in a shower cap, and refrain from swimming to a full recovery. Do not clean the ears inside the external ear canal, do not use the plugs and headphones - all of which can aggravate the symptoms of otitis media
Symptoms of otitis media - easy to identify
And slow the healing process.
Young children and people with immune deficiencies have been diagnosed with bacterial otitis media, it can be assigned to antibiotics. The course of treatment is required to pass through. Nedolechennaya otitis media in such cases can lead to serious complications, up to the loss of hearing, and to the development of antibiotic resistance.
Some experts recommend doing the exercises with otitis that can speed recovery and help clean the ear canals and quickly restore hearing.
- Pinch your nose with your fingers, close your mouth and exhale with force through the nose. Repeat five times.
- Within thirty seconds in a row make swallowing movements. Repeat several times a day.
- By performing a circular motion with fingertips, massage the skin behind the ears and below the cheekbones. Do massage for 1-2 minutes.
Treating fungal otitis
Fungal otitis often occurs in chronic form, and curing it can be very difficult, besides, it often leads to relapse. Patients with this disorder doctors often prescribe special procedures for cleaning the ear canal. It is necessary to increase the effectiveness of antifungal ear drops, which discharged patients. Sometimes it is necessary to use special drugs that eliminate swelling. As with the treatment of other types of otitis media during the treatment of fungal otitis media should not clean their ears with cotton sticks and use earplugs. Patients who wear hearing aids, doctors sometimes recommend for a time to refrain from using them.
Contagious otitis media?
By itself, otitis is not contagious. The bacterial otitis media is usually caused by bacteria that normally live on the human skin, and which creates favorable breeding conditions. Viral otitis media usually develops in patients suffering from the flu or a cold. Viruses, which are the causative agents of these diseases can be transmitted to another person, but they do not necessarily lead to the development of otitis.
Prevention of otitis
The following suggestions can help reduce the likelihood of disease otitis media in children and adults:
- Do not smoke in the presence of a child;
- Smokers are strongly encouraged to stop smoking and non-smoking - how to spend less time in smoke-filled rooms;
- If possible, avoid staying in places with high levels of air pollution;
- If possible, breast-feeding for at least 12 months;
- Swim in the rubber cap and / or waterproof earplugs;
- If you or your child has ever had an allergic otitis, take steps to avoid future exposure to substances that have led to the development of this disease.
Currently, small children are advised to be vaccinated against pneumococcal infections. It is not a special vaccination against otitis media, but it provides protection against otitis media, meningitis
Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges
, Inflammation of the lungs
Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes
, And some other disease caused by pneumococci can become.
Catarrhal sinusitis - the need for timely diagnosis - Acute
March 25, 2013
- Catarrhal sinusitis - the need for prompt diagnosis
Acute catarrhal sinusitis - unlike other clinical options
Acute inflammation of the maxillary sinus has distinctive features, on the basis of which can be diagnosed. Acute sinusitis occurs without catarrhal phenomena of purulent inflammation in the sinus cavities, so in the early stages of the inflammatory process in a timely manner can prevent the progression of the disease and complications.
Sinusitis in the form of an acute catarrh may be called early stage of development of pathological changes in the sinus cavity. Catarrhal (serous) is characterized by inflammation edema
Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
mucosa. Edematous mucosa difficult process of natural self-cleaning process of the sinus cavity from the pathological content. Inflammation results in excessive production of mucus, which accumulates within the sinus. Excess mucus can not completely evacuated from the sinus, as oedematous mucosa covers the opening through which the cavity communicates with the nasal sinus cavity. In this situation, a good therapeutic effect have droplets with vasoconstrictor effect. The drops in the nose help to eliminate the phenomenon of swelling of the mucous membranes, helping to restore a full nasal breathing, so they are recommended for use in acute catarrhal stage to treat sinusitis. If within a few days on the background of treatment fails to reduce the symptoms of sinusitis
Sinusitis - symptoms of inflammation in the maxillary sinus
It is necessary to change treatment policy. Inefficient use of drugs can cause complications catarrhal sinusitis.
In this stage pathological inflammation process often called viral infection. If further healing does not take the necessary measures, the content stagnant occurs a bacterial infection. The bacterial flora, which is successfully developing in the absence of oxygen, is the cause of a purulent form of sinusitis. This form of sinusitis is considered as the progression of inflammation catarrhal stage.
The first symptoms of the disease
At the beginning of acute catarrhal sinusitis patients will present specific complaints, the appearance of which you should pay attention. These include the following report:
- nasal congestion
- discomfort, a feeling of heaviness, pressure in the forehead, bridge of the nose
In most cases, a unilateral inflammation process. Pathological changes in the sinus cavities are accompanied by general inflammatory reactions. There malaise, fatigue, drowsiness, fever. For acute catarrhal sinusitis is not characterized by a pronounced temperature reaction, usually a low-grade fever. If the inflammation progresses and proceeds as a purulent inflammation, the body temperature rises to high numbers, that relates to the diagnostic criteria for the disease.
On the side of the affected sinus due to an inflammatory reaction will be difficult nasal breathing. It appears serous discharge from the nose on the same side, and the selection will be more in the supine position on the healthy side. The number and nature of the discharge from the nose is crucial when setting the diagnosis. If there is muco-purulent discharge
Discharges in women when there is cause for concern
in large numbers, it is an indication for puncture sinuses, which eliminates the development of purulent sinusitis
Purulent sinusitis - how to prevent the disease