Pain in the kidneys: to cause vysnit
March 17th, 2011
- Pain in the kidneys: to cause vysnit
Kidney pain occurs as a result of infection or damage to the kidneys. If you feel pain in your back or side, it can easily be attributed to the kidney. However, most of the kidney is absolutely nothing to do. Many people are surprised to learn that the kidneys are located above the waist, directly under the lower ribs (retroperitoneal).
How do I know whether the pain in the kidneys actually occurs in the kidneys? It is impossible to determine with absolute accuracy, but the likelihood that the pain is directly related to the kidneys is increased in the presence of other signs and symptoms of kidney disease.
Dull aching unilateral pain localized in the upper back, especially accompanied by a fever and urinary disorders can be caused by an infection of the kidneys (pyelonephritis).
Kidney stones also cause pain, but no pain in the kidneys. The stones usually do not cause pain or discomfort, remain in the kidney, but when they come out of the kidney, causing severe pain. Passage through the ureter stones (on the way to the bladder) is usually accompanied by a sharp intense pain spastic. This so-called renal or ureteric colic.
The causes of pain in the kidneys
Pain in the kidneys can be caused by the following diseases and disorders:
- arteriosclerosis / atherosclerosis (renal artery with formation of blood clots or ischemia);
- renal hemorrhage (bleeding in the kidneys);
- horseshoe kidney;
- hydronephrosis (swelling of the kidney due to accumulation of urine in it);
- kidney cancer (or tumor of the kidney);
- kidney infection (pyelonephritis);
- polycystic kidney disease;
- thrombosis of renal veins (blood clots in the veins of the kidneys);
- urinary tract infection.
Common causes of pain in the kidneys
The cause of pain: pain caused by kidney stones
Kidney stones: identify and treat
Arise, when a stone gets stuck in the ureter - a thin tube that connects the kidney to the bladder
Urinary bladder - structure and function
. Stone prevents the flow of urine, resulting in an outflow of urine back into the kidney and as a result, swelling buds. Swollen kidney increases, stretching sensitive to pain or capsule surrounding a thin outer shell.
What to expect: pain caused by kidney stones, called "colic." Pain has a wavy (spastic), and not permanent. The pain of kidney stones can be as strong as the pain of childbirth. Patients with renal colic is very difficult to stay in one place, so they are in constant motion. Often the pain is so severe that it causes nausea and vomiting.
Although the pain starts in the right or left side, it can change the location as you move the stone along the ureter. The pain may migrate to the lower abdomen, and even down to the groin.
- Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
Causes of pain: pain caused by kidney infection, is caused by an infectious inflammation of the kidney tissue. The infection leads to swelling of the kidneys, resulting in tension in the sensitive pain renal capsule and there is a sharp ache.
What to expect: patients with renal infection are very sensitive to even the lightest touch in the side area. Typically, they are present and other typical signs of infection: fever, nausea and vomiting. Kidney infection is much more dangerous than a common inflammation of the bladder
Inflammation of the bladder - inconvenient and unpleasant
. Pyelonephritis requires immediate treatment with antibiotics to prevent infection in the bloodstream.
- Other causes of pain in the kidneys
Less common causes of pain in the kidney - a kidney bleeding (e.g., due to trauma), or "heart attack" kidney perfusion stops when the kidneys due to renal artery occlusion.
As noted above, the kidney disease rarely cause a dull aching pain. These diseases (including cancer) develop slowly and rarely cause any pain.
- Kidney cancer: in rare cases, kidney cancer is formed, slowly stretching the renal capsule, or irritate nerves in the kidneys, causing pain.
- Polycystic kidney disease: a hereditary disease, which can lead to a vast increase in the kidney (for many years), which is sometimes accompanied by a dull aching pain that is usually felt in the front of the abdomen, not the waist.
- Blocking the flow of urine: in some diseases there is a gradual blockage of urine flow. In these cases, the kidney is stretched, causing a dull aching pain.
- Spasm of the bladder or ureter when the bladder is full, both before and during urination, there is discomfort in the lower abdomen or in the side. The source of this discomfort - not the actual kidney, and peristalsis (involuntary muscle contractions) ureter or bladder.
When you need to see a doctor
As soon as possible consult a physician (preferably on the same day), if you have the following symptoms:
- relentless, dull-sided pain in the back or side;
- fever, body aches and fatigue;
- recently urinary tract infection.
A blood clot or hemorrhage in the kidney cause a sudden pain in the lower abdomen and the flank, while the urine may be present in blood. This is an unusual complication of kidney injury or other kidney diseases, including atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis - a chronic disease of the arteries
renal artery, blood clotting or renal emboli. Any violation of the blood supply to the kidneys is a danger to health, so it is important to immediately seek medical care in acute unbearable pain.
How to protect your back: prevention of pain
July 16, 2012
You just helped a friend had moved to unload heavy boxes, and now you have back pain
What to do if the back pain - methods of eliminating discomfort
. In addition, you have planned a long trip in the coming days. And now you are afraid of the prospect of spending a few hours behind the wheel. Back pain can affect your lifestyle, not to mention the need to take sick leave and other. Therefore, it is important to learn how to relieve pain, prevent attacks and protect your back.
Awkward movement can cause pain in the back, but that's not always the point. As experts say, if you correctly lift weights, you increase the likelihood of injuries and sprains. But even if you're doing it right, the chances of back problems. It happens that a man bent tie his shoe, and the result was the displacement of a disk or a pinched nerve
Pinched nerve - what to do when severe pain?
However, correct movement will undoubtedly help. Some tips on how to sit, stand and lift weights to help you.
Lifting weights need to kicking, and not back, experts say. Much better to sit down, take the thing and stand up and not bend at the waist. Do not bend over and twist at the same time. For example, you want to pick up a box that stands behind you. It is much more likely that you pull back if you try to turn around and lift the box. It is safer to approach the box, sit down, take it and then to turn his whole body.
You should also know their limits and do not try to lift too heavy objects.
Step by step instructions how to lift objects:
- Stand close to the object, legs spread shoulder-width apart.
- Squat, bending the knees and hips, keeping your back straight.
- Tighten your abdominal muscles.
- Lift the leg muscles, not your back.
- If you raise the subject with someone, act in unison. One of you has to give commands when the lift, walk and so on.
How to sit and stand
Some people who have back pain, they say that it is easier when they are, the other - when they sit.
It depends on the individual case. People who have problems with the cartilage discs often experience pain when sitting and standing feel better. Here's just excess pressure in the abdomen, which occurs in a sitting position. Therefore, such people find it easier to stand.
People with these symptoms is best to avoid prolonged sitting. If you sit still necessary, you can lay a pillow under your lower back or tilt the chair back to reduce pressure on the spine. For example, when driving a car is tilt the chair back, put a pillow under your lower back, and then adjust the mirror.
For those with back pain are stronger when they are, the problem is usually arthritis
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
, Affects the joints of the spine. People with these symptoms while walking often lean forward and try on something to lean - so they are trying to reduce the pressure on the joints.
Although each case can be customized ways to alleviate the condition, there are general rules, how to sit and stand to protect the back.
If you have to stand for long, try the following tips:
- Wear comfortable shoes and stand on a soft surface.
- Pick something that you look at a convenient height - do not bend.
- Put one foot in turn on the stand.
- Frequently change the position.
If you must sit for a long time, use the recommendations:
- Sit in a chair that supports your lower back. If the seat back is not enough, puts a special pillow under your lower back.
- Adjust the seat so that your knees are at the same height as the hips and your feet flat on the floor.
- Desk should be a little above the waist.
- Sit closer to the table, do not lean on it
- Do not hump.
- Frequently interrupted, to stand up and stretch.
Push, pull and not
Experts recommend that, whenever possible, to push items rather than pull. For example, if you need to move the furniture, get up close to the object, tighten your abdominal muscles and push both hands. Do not lean forward and never try to move heavy objects, bending back.