- Knee pain: it is necessary to restrict the movement
Why can occur pain in the knee
Our knees are the most traumatized body. In addition, they are susceptible to different diseases. Pain in the knee hampered not only walk, but can completely unsettle, disturb the ability to work and even affect the mental state of the person.
The knee joint has a complex structure and is the reference joint, therefore suffer more than others. Knee pain can be caused by various reasons: because of the injury of the knee, meniscus damage, displacement of the patella, stretching ligaments and tendons, inflammation of the knee (arthritis, including infectious origin), inflammation of the periarticular bag joint (bursitis), lesions the knee joint at various systemic diseases (such as lupus), metabolic disorders of the knee (osteoarthritis), tendon injuries (tenditah), various tumors and cysts.
Do not wait until the pain in the knee itself will take place, it is best in this case, consult a doctor.
Pain in the knee as a result of injury
The damage - the most numerous and widespread form of pathology of the knee. Open injuries often result from direct trauma to the joint (knock at the joint, his wound). But most of the trauma is closed, appearing at the drop of a leg. As a result of an injury may have some injuries that are accompanied by pain in the knee.
Bruising of the knee joint is characterized by a limited hemorrhage in the soft tissues, swelling them, soreness at the site of injury, aggravated by motion. In order to reduce pain and swelling in the knee and impose a pressure bandage applied cold. After two or three days can be applied to a joint heat, do warming baths, physiotherapy (eg, UHF), gymnastics.
Traumatic synovitis (inflammation of the joint capsule) in a small percentage (4-6%) occurs as a result of injury and sprains or incomplete dislocation
Dislocation - Prevention and Treatment
knee. Most often it is only a symptom of some internal damage. In connection with the accumulation of inflammatory fluid in the joint it for several hours or days increases in volume, but the motion in the knee is not always painful. For treatment after X-rays produce a joint puncture (puncture) to remove the fluid injected into the joint solution of novocaine, impose a pressure bandage.
Damage to the collateral (side) ligaments. Most injured inner ligament, resulting in its elongation, partial or complete break with the joint capsule damage. It appears soreness at the site of injury, aggravated when trying to side or circular displacement of the tibia. The smaller ligament damage, the greater the pain. There are also swelling and bleeding in the joints or under the skin. Held local anesthesia, on the joint compressive bandage is applied and is limited to the load on the limb.
Pain in the knee as a result of joint inflammation
Knee pain can be caused by inflammation of the joints (arthritis). Arthritis of the knee may begin when entering into a joint infections (staph, strep, and so on) from the outside or from another chamber with blood (purulent arthritis), and brucellosis, tuberculosis, gonorrhea, hemophilia (an inherited blood disease), gout, rheumatoid arthritis and etc.
Patients complain of pain in the joint, changing its shape and limited mobility. In acute arthritis joint pain is usually severe and constant. In chronic arthritis pain occurs mainly during the motion in the joint. There swelling and change in shape of the joint. Diagnosis of arthritis confirmed by inflammatory changes in the blood and X-ray data of the knee joint.
Treatment of arthritis depends on the cause of his caller. If specific infections such as tuberculosis
Tuberculosis - a full recovery is not guaranteed
, Brucellosis and other underlying disease being treated, which helps to reduce symptoms of arthritis. If necessary, prescribe antibiotics, limiting mobility. Physiotherapy also help in the recovery process - massage and physiotherapy.
Pain in the knee as a result of osteoarthritis
In some cases, the knee pain is the result of premature wear of the cartilage covering the bones forming the knee joint. The cartilage thins, crack, dehydrated, loses its dampening properties. Over time, the joint surface appear osteophytes - bony growths in the form of spikes, changing the shape of the joint.
Osteoarthritis (degenerative-dystrophic changes in joints) can occur after trauma, metabolic disorders
Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
and nutrition of cartilage tissue at various circulatory disorders, unfavorable heredity, chronic infections, endocrine disorders (eg, obesity).
It starts with a small rustling arthritis in the joint when walking or squatting, slight pain in his knee. The pain passes quickly with a little warm-up. With difficulty transporting large loads (long being in a standing position, long walking), there is stiffness.
When running knee arthritis is impossible to straighten or bend completely disrupted range of motion, gradually atrophy (decrease in volume) thigh muscles. The pain is very strong, especially at night.
Treatment of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis - when the joint loses its function
It carried out only after a full examination. The main criterion for diagnosis are characteristic changes on chest radiograph. Treatment depends on the cause of the arthritis, but basically boils down to the orthopedic correction of the load during walking (for example, by wearing special shoes), the overall decrease in physical activity and health resort treatment.
If you have knee pain is necessary to limit motor mode and seek medical advice.