Citramon relates to medicines without prescription. This means that the patient can take his own, but in this case it should clearly know the mechanism of action of this drug and its side effects as possible complications from such treatment will depend on the patient.
The mechanism of action tsitramona
Citramon (P tsitramon correct as tsitramon, which included a phenacetin, is no longer available, replaced by paracetamol) - a combination drug that has analgesic, antipyretic and light light-inflammatory action. All these properties are due to members of the tsitramona drugs.
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) - is the first drug belonging to the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), it is very well studied and is known as its positive and negative characteristics. The positive properties include analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties, in addition, it improves blood circulation in the inflammation. Negative properties of aspirin - the ability to irritate the stomach lining, and lowering of blood clotting. The latter property is not always considered to be negative, since aspirin is often prescribed for the prevention of blood clots.
Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant. Under the influence of caffeine occurs general stimulation of the physical and psychological state (reduces fatigue, increases efficiency), dilation of blood vessels in skeletal muscles and internal organs (heart, kidneys) and the acceleration of blood flow in the area. At the same time the blood vessels of the abdominal organs (except kidney) and brain are narrowed, so the caffeine has a positive effect in migraine (headache associated with a sharp expansion of blood vessels of the brain). Caffeine increases the analgesic effect of aspirin, so often used in drug combination. Caffeine reduces the ability of platelet aggregation (bonding and formation of blood clots).
Paracetamol - a drug very popular today, which, however, has both positive and negative characteristics. It has analgesic, antipyretic (direct effects on the thermoregulatory center in the brain) and a light-inflammatory action (by inhibiting the synthesis of basic substances involved in the inflammatory response - prostaglandins). Of the negative properties of paracetamol is the most dangerous of its toxic effect on the cells of the liver (hepatotoxicity).
Indications and contraindications for use tsitramona
Citramon used short courses of treatment or disposable at moderate pain of various origins. In most cases it is used for headache, including migraines (with it often hurts half head), toothache
Toothache - itself does not take place
, Pains in muscles and joints, not too intense pain along the nerve (neuralgia), pain during menstruation. When pain take 1 - 2 tablets but up to four tablets per day. The maximum daily dose - 8 tablets.
At high temperatures tsitramon used with caution and not more than three consecutive days, especially in viral infections, in this case more appropriate clean paracetamol.
Contraindications tsitramon case of hypersensitivity to the drug (most often gives allergic reactions aspirin), gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, bleeding from the stomach and intestines, reduced blood clotting, deficiencies of vitamin A (it is responsible for the clotting of the blood), severe liver disease and kidney with a violation of their function, high blood and intraocular pressure, severe coronary heart disease, elevated anxiety and insomnia, certain enzyme disorders (deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase), pregnancy, especially in the I (first 12 weeks) and in the III (after 24 weeks) trimester, the baby feeding
Breastfeeding - a personal choice
feeding. In children (under 15 years) tsitramon can not be taken because of the possibility of severe complications from liver and brain (Reye's syndrome).
Tsitramon C care should be used to treat gout
Gout - the "disease of kings"
and if any liver diseases.
Side effects that may occur while taking tsitramona
When receiving tsitramona may experience the following side effects: nausea, vomiting, pain in the upper abdomen or the right hypochondrium, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, severe allergic reactions (including bronchospasm). Children may develop Reye's syndrome: fever, vomiting, severe complications from liver and brain.
Chronic administration can disturb tsitramona persistent dizziness
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
, Headache, visual and hearing impairment, increased bleeding (nosebleeds, bleeding gums), severe kidney damage.
Despite the fact that tsitramon available over the counter without a prescription, it is not entirely harmless drug, and it should be taken with caution.