Heart pain - react immediately - Coronary heart disease

January 27, 2011

  • Heart pain - react immediately
  • Coronary artery disease

 coronary artery disease

Why it may be a pain in the heart

Pain in the heart may occur for various reasons, but most often it is spasm of the arteries that bring blood to the heart muscle. A feature of such pain is that it can not endure - it is harmful, such pain should immediately remove the special reception of medicines.

Pain in the heart may be quite different in nature. For example, the heart sometimes hurts when breast osteochondrosis (metabolic disorders in the spine), are infringed when the spinal nerve roots, the individual fibers which are suitable to the heart. In this case, the pain have a long and often depend on the physical exertion or a long stay in the same position.

Sometimes heart pain may reflect some gastrointestinal disease, as branches to the heart and nerves, such as the stomach, are more branches of one and may overlap. In this case, the treatment of stomach and relieve heart pain.

Pain in the heart may occur when cardioneurosis - disorders of the cardiovascular system of a neurotic character. Thus heart pain often appear in the background of fear, anxiety or bad mood. Pain can be a long, aching and painful. They are well-shot reception sedatives.

But the most dangerous is the pain that resulted from coronary spasm (supplying the heart muscle) of the arteries. The heart muscle can not work in conditions of oxygen deficiency as soon as it feels the lack of it, in the cells of the heart muscle begin biochemical changes that lead to the death of muscle fibers, that is, to myocardial infarction. To avoid this, you must immediately take medication that will rapidly expand coronary arteries and prevent the withering away of the heart muscle.


The symptoms of coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease most often occurs on the background of atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, when they are deposited plaques that impede the delivery of blood to the heart muscle.

Manifested the disease can vary in intensity, character and duration of pain in the heart.

Usually the disease first appeared in pain on exertion (angina). It may just be an unpleasant sensation in the heart, more or less severe heart pain, feeling of heartburn. Most often these pains occur in the morning (but can occur at any time of the day), are located behind the breastbone, sometimes at the bottom of the neck and give to his left shoulder and arm, at least - in the back. Pain makes the patient die on the spot and by removing physical activity passes. Duration of pain from several seconds to 3-5 minutes.

After a certain period of time (it is individual for each patient) angina can go to rest angina Angina rest - invisible enemy  Angina rest - invisible enemy
 When there are severe pain in the heart, at any time, but most of the night, when the horizontal position of the patient. Typically, a patient at the same time tends to sit down, but sometimes afraid to move. Pain of significant intensity, burning, bursting, there is usually behind the breastbone, giving the left arm, shoulder, shoulder blade, and even under the lower jaw. She went up to 20 minutes.

If the pain goes on in the heart of more than 20 minutes and can not be removed by drugs, there is a suspicion of myocardial infarction - necrosis of the heart muscle, the magnitude of which will depend on the caliber of the artery affected. Myocardial infarction can be melkoochagovogo and macrofocal. The pain intensified, the patient was pale, his lips turn blue and fingertips. If macrofocal myocardial infarction, the pain can be so severe that the patient loses consciousness. This dramatically decreases blood pressure, and if the patient is not timely medical assistance, he may die.


First aid for heart disease

Pain in the heart ischemic nature can not be tolerated, as with prolonged coronary artery spasm may begin myocardial necrosis. Therefore, patients suffering from angina pectoris, have to be in possession of rescue medications, relieving heartaches. These drugs include nitroglycerin, which is usually taken under the tongue. Remember, everyone's favorite validol Validol - old, but reliable  Validol - old, but reliable
   pain in the heart during ischemia not withdraw, it will help only if cardioneurosis as a sedative.

Nitroglycerin relieves the pain of angina Angina - the consequences of the activity  Angina - the consequences of the activity
   for 1-2 minutes, with angina at rest - 3-5 minutes (but sometimes you want to re-receive), myocardial infarction pain by taking nitroglycerin can not be removed. Then you need to immediately call an ambulance.

What should you do if you suspect a heart attack before the arrival of the ambulance:

  • give a nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue and can be something comforting (eg, valerian tincture or validol);
  • put the patient in a horizontal position;
  • to undo the patient contracting clothes and open a window or the window;
  • If the pain in the heart Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor  Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor
   5 minutes is not shot, give one more tablet of nitroglycerin.

Remember, pain in the heart may be different, to understand their nature can only be a doctor, who will teach you to take such pains.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • heart pain

Back pain: Do not start the process - Types

December 26th, 2010

  • Back pain: Do not start the process
  • Kinds

How and why there backache

Why can hurt your back? In the vast majority of cases - are problems with the spine, which can occur when a curvature, inflammation or metabolic disturbances in this area. Sometimes back pain can be the result of a disease or injury.

Back pain most often occurs when the disturbed state of the intervertebral discs of the spine - special gaskets Feminine pads - talk about wings  Feminine pads - talk about wings
   between the vertebrae that have cushioning properties and do not give injured vertebrae.

At a young age contributes to the destruction of intervertebral discs bad posture, which resulted in impaired long tone back muscles that support the spine, and there is an increased load on the wheels. Then compressed vertebrae prejudice to extending from the spinal cord nerves. Pain can wear and inflammatory character, for example, if the inflamed joints of the spine - the so-called ankylosing spondylitis.

In old age, all these changes are taking place against the background of metabolic disorders that alter the state of the intervertebral discs and deprive them of the depreciation of properties. Thus intervertebral disc beyond the spine, causing a variety of changes and severe back pain. This condition is called an intervertebral (intervertebral) hernia.

 Species | Back Pain: Do not start the process

Back pain when bending of the spine

Improper posture in a child may appear constant aching pain in the back, and eventually even to form a hump (curvature of the spine in the anteroposterior direction) or scoliosis Scoliosis - when the spine is curved  Scoliosis - when the spine is curved
   (curvature of the spine in a lateral direction). And then, and another will cause the destruction of the vertebrae, and changes in the exhaust from the spinal cord nerves. Depending on the level at which there is a violation of the spine, the child may appear blurred vision, shortness of breath and other unpleasant symptoms.

Therefore, the posture of the child is required to pay special attention at the first sign of change is necessary to address to the doctor - orthopedist. The initial stages of incorrect posture it is easy to fix with a special corrective gymnastics. But if the process has gone away and there are disorders of the intervertebral discs and vertebrae, then it is difficult to change.

 Species | Back Pain: Do not start the process

Back pain when ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis - a chronic inflammatory disease of the intervertebral joints, which leads to fusion of (ankylosis) and limit movements in the area.

It starts with the disease of pain and tightness in the lumbar spine, which is often regarded as a manifestation of ostohondroza. Often the pain is given in the buttocks, gluteal folds at the back of the thighs. Unlike sciatica pain and stiffness in the spine when ankylosing spondylitis marked and at rest, in the morning and decreases with movement, sometimes disappearing when the patient is "at odds" - the so-called inflammatory nature of pain. Special concern cause pain at night, forcing the patient to wake up and start to move with the purpose of facilitation.

Treatment of ankylosing spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis - a lot of patience is required  Ankylosing spondylitis - a lot of patience is required
   carried out by the treatment of pain and inflammation (for this purpose are usually prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (indomethacin, voltaren Voltaren - relieve inflammation and pain  Voltaren - relieve inflammation and pain
   and others). In some cases joined by steroid hormones. Be sure to also a time to massage, medical gymnastics - they prevent the formation of immobility.

 Species | Back Pain: Do not start the process

Pain in the back with osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis - this metabolic disorders in the spine, which also start with the intervertebral disc, whereby it may be herniated intervertebral, spinal stenosis, compression of nerve roots and spinal cord membranes, inflammation and swelling of surrounding tissues. The patient in this case feels a strong pain in the hernia, pain along the nerves extending from the spinal cord and the pain in the remote area, which are innervated by nerve entrapment. In addition, often there is a feeling of numbness and "pins and needles on the body" in the affected body part.

The most dangerous is the intervertebral hernia of the cervical spine, as in this area are vital organs. It is usually accompanied by dizziness, high or low blood pressure and other unpleasant symptoms.

 Species | Back Pain: Do not start the process

How do I know why there were pains in the back

To do this, we conducted a full examination of the patient. When ankylosing spondylitis in the blood can detect signs of inflammation and signs of fusion of the vertebrae. In other diseases it is also a kind of X-ray pattern, which allows the correct diagnosis. Sometimes, to clarify the nature of the process requires a detailed study of the skeletal system, in this case, is carried out with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT).

When back pain the most important thing - it's not time to start the process and seek medical advice.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • spin