- Heart pain - react immediately
- Coronary artery disease
Why it may be a pain in the heart
Pain in the heart may occur for various reasons, but most often it is spasm of the arteries that bring blood to the heart muscle. A feature of such pain is that it can not endure - it is harmful, such pain should immediately remove the special reception of medicines.
Pain in the heart may be quite different in nature. For example, the heart sometimes hurts when breast osteochondrosis (metabolic disorders in the spine), are infringed when the spinal nerve roots, the individual fibers which are suitable to the heart. In this case, the pain have a long and often depend on the physical exertion or a long stay in the same position.
Sometimes heart pain may reflect some gastrointestinal disease, as branches to the heart and nerves, such as the stomach, are more branches of one and may overlap. In this case, the treatment of stomach and relieve heart pain.
Pain in the heart may occur when cardioneurosis - disorders of the cardiovascular system of a neurotic character. Thus heart pain often appear in the background of fear, anxiety or bad mood. Pain can be a long, aching and painful. They are well-shot reception sedatives.
But the most dangerous is the pain that resulted from coronary spasm (supplying the heart muscle) of the arteries. The heart muscle can not work in conditions of oxygen deficiency as soon as it feels the lack of it, in the cells of the heart muscle begin biochemical changes that lead to the death of muscle fibers, that is, to myocardial infarction. To avoid this, you must immediately take medication that will rapidly expand coronary arteries and prevent the withering away of the heart muscle.
The symptoms of coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease most often occurs on the background of atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, when they are deposited plaques that impede the delivery of blood to the heart muscle.
Manifested the disease can vary in intensity, character and duration of pain in the heart.
Usually the disease first appeared in pain on exertion (angina). It may just be an unpleasant sensation in the heart, more or less severe heart pain, feeling of heartburn. Most often these pains occur in the morning (but can occur at any time of the day), are located behind the breastbone, sometimes at the bottom of the neck and give to his left shoulder and arm, at least - in the back. Pain makes the patient die on the spot and by removing physical activity passes. Duration of pain from several seconds to 3-5 minutes.
After a certain period of time (it is individual for each patient) angina can go to rest angina
Angina rest - invisible enemy
When there are severe pain in the heart, at any time, but most of the night, when the horizontal position of the patient. Typically, a patient at the same time tends to sit down, but sometimes afraid to move. Pain of significant intensity, burning, bursting, there is usually behind the breastbone, giving the left arm, shoulder, shoulder blade, and even under the lower jaw. She went up to 20 minutes.
If the pain goes on in the heart of more than 20 minutes and can not be removed by drugs, there is a suspicion of myocardial infarction - necrosis of the heart muscle, the magnitude of which will depend on the caliber of the artery affected. Myocardial infarction can be melkoochagovogo and macrofocal. The pain intensified, the patient was pale, his lips turn blue and fingertips. If macrofocal myocardial infarction, the pain can be so severe that the patient loses consciousness. This dramatically decreases blood pressure, and if the patient is not timely medical assistance, he may die.
First aid for heart disease
Pain in the heart ischemic nature can not be tolerated, as with prolonged coronary artery spasm may begin myocardial necrosis. Therefore, patients suffering from angina pectoris, have to be in possession of rescue medications, relieving heartaches. These drugs include nitroglycerin, which is usually taken under the tongue. Remember, everyone's favorite validol
Validol - old, but reliable
pain in the heart during ischemia not withdraw, it will help only if cardioneurosis as a sedative.
Nitroglycerin relieves the pain of angina
Angina - the consequences of the activity
for 1-2 minutes, with angina at rest - 3-5 minutes (but sometimes you want to re-receive), myocardial infarction pain by taking nitroglycerin can not be removed. Then you need to immediately call an ambulance.
What should you do if you suspect a heart attack before the arrival of the ambulance:
- give a nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue and can be something comforting (eg, valerian tincture or validol);
- put the patient in a horizontal position;
- to undo the patient contracting clothes and open a window or the window;
- If the pain in the heart
Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor
5 minutes is not shot, give one more tablet of nitroglycerin.
Remember, pain in the heart may be different, to understand their nature can only be a doctor, who will teach you to take such pains.