Personality - a specific person living in a certain historical conditions. He has his own view of the world around him, it takes a certain social status in the society and has its own personality traits. But some individuals by reason of their nature can not "fit" into society, in such cases we speak of personality disorders.
Personality disorders and character accentuation
Everyone has their own individual character. Most people do not interfere with the nature to live in society and to abide by its laws and regulations. But in some cases there are so pronounced and persistent changes in the nature that man can not adapt to society, but he is not aware of and assess their behavior as the only correct. Such changes in the nature of Russian psychiatry traditionally called a psychopath, and now they are called in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) personality disorders.
There are borderline state between normal and pathological nature, which are called character accentuation. Character accentuation characteristic of adolescence, they usually are not so pronounced and may eventually flatten. Pathological behavior disorders accentuation of character leads a person only in certain situations. Disorders of the age of the person and are not always lead to a significant deterioration in the quality of life.
The reasons for the formation of personality disorders in most cases, hereditary (violations of the nature of the type commonly found in close relatives), but has a value, and education, as well as diseases and injuries of the brain.
Personality disorders - rather frequent pathology, it is more common in men in approximately 5% of the population.
Types of personality disorders
Currently identify several types of personality disorders, but more often they are mixed with a predominance of certain features.
Schizoid personality disorder is characterized by sharply flattened emotional background. Such people do not need love and affection, do not exhibit the strong anger, hate, joy and other emotions
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. This separates them from the rest of the people and makes it impossible to close contacts. Nothing makes them of great interest, no personal life, no work, nor the acquisition of certain skills. There is no desire, and something to do.
When a person paranoid personality disorder characterized by increased suspicion and distrust of all people around. He was all the time it seems that his cheating, arrange a conspiracy against him, and so on. He is looking for hidden meaning and the threat of his most simple words and actions of the people around him. Such a person does not trust anyone, does not forgive insults (very vindictive), constantly dissatisfied with everything, spiteful and aggressive, but is able to hide his feelings from time to time. Revenge can be very cruel.
For obsessive-compulsive personality disorder characterized by a tendency to doubt and caution. Everything these people should take place at once and lodged rules. They are unable to perform any work, because the endless digging into the details and bring them to perfection just do not let you finish the job. They have no personal life, since she did not have time, and loved ones do not meet the excessive demands of such a person. All life is planned, but bogged down in the details.
Anxiety (avoidant, avoidant) personality disorder is characterized by the fact that a person is firmly convinced of its unattractiveness and the inability to do anything. It makes him constantly to avoid contact with people. They are very worried about it, but can not bear any criticism or ridicule in his address. Such evasion of life makes social inclusion impossible, in patients with no personal or public life.
Histrionic personality disorder manifested very high emotion, pointedly feelings and behavior. The behavior of such a person is inappropriate and ridiculous, as it seeks to always and everywhere to be the best, but his feelings and judgments are superficial, so he is unable for a long time to attract attention and it is very traumatic for him. These people love theatrical gestures, very suggestible and vulnerable to another's influence. They can not do anything if there is no audience around.
When antisocial personality disorder characterized by a person antisocial behavior. He is rude, irritable, conflict is not considered with the norms of morality and public order, in all their failures blames others, always finds an explanation for his behavior. Such people are unable to learn from their mistakes and plan something, they are false and are very aggressive.
Passive-aggressive personality disorder - a sullen angry, envious people, with a tendency to exaggerate their troubles. Unable to do anything because of constant conflict, resentment and passive resistance to any activity.
Treatment of personality disorders
A feature of personality disorders is that people do not realize that they need help. As well as the lack of mental health care leads to a complete loss of human social life, is very important part in the process of correcting their behavior loved ones and timely access to a psychiatrist.
To correct the behavior of these people the courses of psychotherapy, using a variety of techniques. Drug treatment is rarely used and only for the relief of severe agitation, anxiety or depressed mood (depression).
The earlier the age of the patient to ask for help to a psychiatrist, the more he will have a chance to rebuild their lives.