- Panic attacks - fear of nowhere
What is a panic attack and how it flows
Panic attack - is, as a rule, the state of pointless fear that begins suddenly and seemingly without any reason. One can not establish the cause of their fears due to lack of visible threatening situation, his feelings are vague and amorphous, in the future, in the event of new attacks, he is trying to flesh out their fears, but it does not always work.
During these attacks, along with fear there is increased activity of the autonomic nervous system (the nervous system, "serving" the internal organs) as a pale, trembling of the body, often copious urination, dry mouth, dizziness or a feeling of dizziness, unsteadiness or staggering when walking , shortness of breath, feeling of choking or shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain or a feeling of tightness in the chest, tingling or numbness in various parts of the body, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, feeling of unreality, fear of death, fear of going crazy or losing self-control.
The first panic attack usually leaves an indelible mark in the memory of man, so he is very afraid of repetition and constantly thinks about it, provoking the emergence of new attacks that could be daily.
Causes Panic Attacks
The causes of panic attacks often are chronic emotional stress
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, Increased anxiety, depression
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(low mood), at least - hormonal disorders, diseases of the internal organs and the nervous system. Panic attack - it is our body's signals for unlived feelings are not allowed to be, can be a very long-standing problem. The reason for panic attacks are a violation of the central nervous system. Panic attacks are quite common, they usually begin after 20 years, it often affects women.
In the interictal period (from several hours to several months), these people are different anxiety
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, Fearfulness, sleep at night. In connection with a troubled sleep, nightmares
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often appears the fear of falling asleep, fear the onset of night time.
A person affected by panic attacks, always thinking that an attack could happen again, and the fear of fear, fear of dying from cardiac arrest or stroke, etc. All of this has an impact on his behavior: he avoids situations that can cause an attack of panic attacks, poor exercise capacity, limits them, pays special attention to the signals your body is constantly brings in any drugs that may help him in the case of a panic attack. Anticipatory anxiety in some patients contributes to the formation of the so-called restrictive behavior when human living space is shrinking dramatically, sometimes to the size of the apartment, from which he is afraid to go out unaccompanied.
The result of this behavior is the gradual formation of low mood (depression). People suffering from panic attacks, can not talk about their feelings to others, as both do not really understand them.
Panic as a sign of internal diseases
Panic can have on them and it is a real basis, so before for treatment will take a psychiatrist, it is necessary to exclude diseases of the cardiovascular system (eg, hypertension or coronary artery disease), asthma, thyroid disease, epilepsy, age-related hormonal changes ( adolescence, menopause), and others.
Treatment of panic
Any fears should treat a psychiatrist after the establishment of the correct diagnosis and elimination of various diseases of internal organs. As used antidepressant medications that relieve the feeling of stress and anxiety, and are not addictive. In no event it is impossible to remove panic attacks alcohol - it will only aggravate the situation.
In addition, the psychiatrist conducts psychotherapy. He teaches the patient to cope with panic attacks independently, corrects his ideas and behavior, gives specific advice on how to behave in the most common situations. Moreover, during psychotherapy sessions together with the doctor patient analyze the possible causes of mental attacks, explores his personal and family history, relationships with other people. All of this contributes to the fact that the cause of panic attacks coming to the surface, becomes visible and not so terrible. The patient begins to understand how to deal with their fears.
Panichaskie attacks - this is a very unpleasant condition, it can be treated only with the right approach and the choice of treatment, which means that the treatment should be engaged in only by a specialist.