- Bekker's cyst - is fraught with serious complications
- As shown
Bekker's cyst - a cyst that forms in the popliteal fossa, causing a decrease in the mobility of the knee joint. Violation is often accompanied by pain, which intensified when a person is fully bend or pull the leg, as well as during exercise. Bekker's cyst often occurs because of problems with the knee joint, such as arthritis
Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications
and damage to the cartilage. In both disorders in the popliteal fossa may accumulate too much liquid, resulting in a cyst.
Some patients Bekker's cyst does not cause discomfort and pain, and they do not even notice it. In other patients, it may cause symptoms such:
- Swelling in the back of the knee, sometimes extending to the entire foot
- Worsening knee mobility
- The appearance of the cyst, the texture of which resembles a water-filled balloon
When such symptoms should see a doctor to determine the cause of the violation. Rarely, but it happens that a cyst in the popliteal fossa is a sign of a more serious condition such as a tumor or aneurysm of the popliteal artery.
The mobility of the knee joint is provided not only by flexible cartilage and ligaments, but also by synovial fluid. It reduces friction between the moving parts of the knee.
Synovial fluid is circulated through the knee joint, including - for the joint capsule. Number of synovial fluid, which is present simultaneously in one or another of the knee, is regulated by a special valve system.
However, sometimes the amount of synovial fluid higher than normal, it begins to accumulate in the joint capsule, thereby forming a cyst Becker.
The reasons for this are: inflammation of the knee joint, such as various types of arthritis or knee injury, which resulted in damaged cartilage.
In rare cases, Bekker's cyst ruptures, and synovial fluid flows to the lower leg, causing symptoms such as:
- Acute pain in the knee
- Swelling of the knee and / or feet
- Redness of the skin in the area of the calf muscles.
These symptoms resemble the symptoms characteristic of disorders associated with the formation of blood clots in the legs. When they occur, seek medical attention to prevent such violations, such as thrombosis
Thrombosis - the cause of heart attack and stroke
Doctors diagnosed Becker cyst during a routine medical examination. However, in case of doubt can be assigned to ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging.
In many cases, cyst Becker goes by itself, without any special treatment. Usually, treatment is given, if the cyst is very large and / or causes discomfort and pain.
Often, these symptoms can be alleviated with cold compresses and special exercises that the patient shows a physiotherapist.
Drainage of the cyst
During this procedure, the doctor using a thin hollow needle is pumped out of the cyst fluid. Drainage - a relatively simple and harmless procedure; As a rule, the patient may be on the same day to return home and begin their usual business.
Sometimes, to relieve inflammation doctor makes injections of corticosteroids. This effectively eliminates the unpleasant symptoms but does not cure itself cyst.
It is much more efficient, however, to treat the underlying condition that caused the cyst Becker. For example, if it is determined that the damage to the cartilage causes excessive production of synovial fluid, can be assigned to surgery to repair cartilage. Surgery to remove cysts Becker can be assigned, if the deal with it is not possible by means of treatment of the underlying disease, draining the cyst, and the use of other methods. This happens, for example, in osteoarthritis - a disease that is difficult to treat.
Patients with Becker's cyst is recommended to temporarily reduce the level of physical activity. To facilitate the unpleasant symptoms can also take non-prescription pain relievers, such as ibuprofen
Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug
Paracetamol - is effective for moderate pain